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Coffman, Jennifer L.; Grammer, Jennie K.; Hudson, Kesha N.; Thomas, Taylor E.; Villwock, Diane; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
As children transition from the early to later grades of elementary school, they become increasingly skilled at employing a variety of techniques -- such as rehearsal and organizational strategies -- for remembering information. Developmental changes in strategy use have been well documented, but little is known about the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Sun, Sumin; Schweizer, Karl; Ren, Xuezhu – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This study examined whether there is a developmental difference in the emergence of an item-position effect in intelligence testing. The item-position effect describes the dependency of the item's characteristics on the positions of the items and is explained by learning. Data on fluid intelligence measured by Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
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Daubert, Emily N.; Ramani, Geetha B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual children exhibit enhanced working memory (WM) skill relative to monolingual children, which could have implications for early mathematics development. Competency in mathematics is supported by conceptual and procedural mathematical knowledge, and numerical knowledge is in turn supported by underlying cognitive processes such as WM.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Short Term Memory, Bilingual Students, Preschool Children
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Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by a complex maturation process of various cognitive abilities. Cognitive control, which includes response inhibition and working memory, is one of them. A typical study on response inhibition to visual stimuli presents distractors and targets on the same display (e.g., the computer screen).…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Environmental Influences, Visual Environment, Adolescents
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Hudson, Kesha N.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to examine the effects of mothers' and teachers' language on children's developing mathematical competencies during the kindergarten year. Specifically, 1) mothers' use of metamemory talk, or references to the process of remembering, and 2) teachers' use of "cognitive processing language"…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Mothers, Preschool Teachers, Addition
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Stephens, Rebecca L.; Langworthy, Benjamin; Short, Sarah J.; Goldman, Barbara D.; Girault, Jessica B.; Fine, Jason P.; Reznick, J. Steven; Gilmore, John H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The study of executive function (EF) has become increasingly popular in multiple areas of research. A wealth of evidence has supported the value of EF in shaping notable outcomes across typical and atypical development; however, little evidence has supported the cognitive contributors to early EF development. The current study used data from a…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Nonverbal Communication, Predictor Variables, Executive Function
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DeNigris, Danielle; Brooks, Patricia J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
The ability to recognize temporal patterns and position events in time emerges during the preschool years and is refined in middle childhood. This study explored individual differences in temporal cognition in relation to verbal and nonverbal abilities. Children (30 boys, 32 girls; M[subscript age] = 8;2, age range = 6;0-10;8) completed 3…
Descriptors: Language Role, Cognitive Processes, Time, Children
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Sheppard, Kelly W.; Cheatham, Carol L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The Electric Maze Task (EMT) is a novel planning task designed to allow flexible testing of planning abilities across a broad age range and to incorporate manipulations to test underlying planning abilities, such as working-memory and inhibitory control skills. The EMT was tested in a group of 63 typically developing 7- to 12-year-olds.…
Descriptors: Planning, Children, Preadolescents, Short Term Memory
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Bacso, Sarah A.; Nilsen, Elizabeth S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children often provide ambiguous referential statements. Thus, the ability to identify when miscommunication has occurred and subsequently repair messages is an essential component of communicative development. The present study examined the impact of listener feedback and children's executive functioning in influencing children's ability to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Children, Communication Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Kouklari, Evangelia-Chrysanthi; Thompson, Trevor; Monks, Claire P.; Tsermentseli, Stella – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Previous research has clearly demonstrated that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) involves deficits in multiple neuropsychological functions, such as executive function (EF) and theory of mind (ToM). A conceptual distinction is commonly made between cool and hot EF. In ASD, continued attention has been paid to the cool areas of executive dysfunction.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Executive Function, Theory of Mind
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Schutte, Anne R.; Keiser, Brian A.; Beattie, Heidi L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined whether attention to a location plays a role in the maintenance of locations in spatial working memory in young children as it does in adults. This study was the first to investigate whether distractors presented during the delay of a spatial working-memory task influenced young children's memory responses. Across 2…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Developmental Psychology, Young Children
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Viterbori, Paola; Traverso, Laura; Usai, M. Carmen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated the roles of different executive function (EF) components (inhibition, shifting, and working memory) in 2-step arithmetic word problem solving. A sample of 139 children aged 8 years old and regularly attending the 3rd grade of primary school were tested on 6 EF tasks measuring different EF components, a reading task and a…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Tang, Joey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The current study aimed at addressing two issues concerning children's estimation performance: (1) to investigate whether the log-to-linear framework or the proportional judgment framework provided a better explanation of children's estimation patterns, and (2) to examine the consistency of response patterns in different estimation tasks. A sample…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Guidelines, Responses, Arithmetic
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Grammer, Jennie K.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Sidney, Pooja; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Although high-quality early educational environments are thought to be related to the growth of children's skills in mathematics, relatively little is known about specific aspects of classroom instruction that may promote these abilities. Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to investigate associations between teachers' language while…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 2
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