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Valentino, Kristin; McDonnell, Christina G.; Comas, Michelle; Nuttall, Amy K. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Reduced autobiographical memory specificity (AMS) has robust associations with psychopathology. As such, understanding the development of AMS (or its inverse, overgeneral autobiographical memory) and how it may be unique from other aspects of memory performance is important. In particular, it is unclear whether child AMS is distinct from…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Autobiographies, Memory
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Chen, Eva E.; Corriveau, Kathleen H.; Harris, Paul L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
To adult humans, the task of forming an impression of another social being seems effortless and even obligatory. In 2 experiments, we offer the first systematic cross-cultural examination of impression formation in European American and East Asian preschool children. Children across both cultures easily inferred basic personality traits, such as…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Whites, Asians, Preschool Children
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Ebert, Susanne – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
This study investigated the longitudinal relation between children's theory of mind and their metacognitive knowledge with a special focus on the impact of language on this relation. Measures of theory-of-mind understanding and metamemory knowledge were assessed in 133 3-year-old children at 4 measurement points separated by half-year intervals.…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Theory of Mind, Language Acquisition, Nonverbal Ability
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Klemfuss, J. Zoe – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Theorists have identified language as a critical contributor to children's episodic memory development, yet studies linking language and memory have had mixed results. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms linking language and memory and to explain the previous mixed results. Sixty-four preschool children's receptive and productive…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Recall (Psychology), Preschool Children, Correlation
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Cleveland, Emily Sutcliffe; Morris, Ashley – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Thirty parents observed their preschoolers (M [subscript age] = 4;2) experience a standardized laboratory event and discussed the event with their child later that day. Children's memory for this event was subsequently tested at two delay intervals. Prior to the laboratory event, parents were randomly assigned to receive either autonomy-support…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Memory, Motivation, Parents
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Legare, Cristine H.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Despite the well-established literature on explanation in early childhood, little is known about what constrains children's explanations. State change and negative outcomes were examined as potential explanatory biases in the domain of naïve biology, extending upon previous work in the domain of naïve physics. In two studies, preschool children…
Descriptors: Diseases, Health, Memory, Thinking Skills
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Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-Ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, Laboratories, Personal Narratives, Memory
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Lipowski, Stacy L.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
According to the dual criterion account of early linguistic judgment (Merriman & Lipko, 2008), preschool-aged children who possess more efficient object memory processes should also be more accurate judges of whether various objects have known names. In support of this claim, both the accuracy of object recognition and the speed of object…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Memory, Early Childhood Education, Preschool Children
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Foley, Mary Ann; Ratner, Hilary H.; Gentes, Emily – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
The role of focusing 4-year-olds' attention on "feeling" or "looking" was examined in three experiments by testing predictions about children's memory for their interactions with an adult partner as they engaged in a collaborative task. Children made collages with an adult partner, and they were later asked to remember who placed the pieces on the…
Descriptors: Memory, Art Products, Experiments, Interaction
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Guler, O. Evren; Larkina, Marina; Kleinknecht, Erica; Bauer, Patricia J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
We examined how maternal strategic behaviors during a mother-child collaborative sort-recall task of categorically similar items related to children's recall and children's strategic behavior in a sort-recall task that they completed independently. Mother-child dyads participated in the collaborative sort-recall task when children were 40 months…
Descriptors: Mothers, Preschool Children, Child Behavior, Recall (Psychology)
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Van Bergen, Penny; Salmon, Karen; Dadds, Mark R.; Allen, Jennifer – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2009
The present study examined the impact of training mothers in high-elaborative, emotional reminiscing on children's autobiographical memory and emotion knowledge. Eighty mothers were randomly allocated to one of two training conditions: in the "reminiscing" condition, mothers were encouraged to reminisce by asking their children (aged 3.5 to 5…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mothers, Instruction, Memory
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Homer, Bruce D.; Nelson, Katherine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2009
Two studies examined language and understanding of scale models. First, children (N = 16; ages 2;4 to 3;5) received either the "standard" DeLoache model task or a "naming" version (in which children are asked to name the hiding location before retrieving a hidden object). Language ability positively correlated with performance…
Descriptors: Object Permanence, Measures (Individuals), Language Aptitude, Cognitive Development
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Nelson, Deborah G. Kemler; O'Neil, Kelly A.; Asher, Yvonne M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2008
Two studies investigated the relationship between learning names and learning concepts in preschool children. More specifically, we focused on the relationship between learning the names and learning the intended functions of artifacts, given that the intended function of an artifact is generally thought to constitute core conceptual information…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Classification, Correlation, Learning Processes
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Wang, Qi; Hutt, Rachel; Kulkofsky, Sarah; McDermott, Melissa; Wei, Ruohong – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2006
This study examined the influence of children's emotion situation knowledge (EK) on their autobiographical memory ability at both group and individual levels. Native Chinese, Chinese immigrant, and European American 3-year-old children participated (N = 189). During a home visit, children recounted 2 personal memories of recent, 1-time events with…
Descriptors: Home Visits, Memory, Language Skills, Chinese Americans
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Saylor, Megan M.; Baird, Jodie A.; Gallerani, Catherine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2006
Children's observation of the given-new contract was tested with a task requiring children to provide novel, rather than known, information about an event to a listener. Study 1 revealed developmental differences in children's adherence to the contract: 4- and 5-year-olds showed better adherence to the contract than 3-year-olds. In Studies 2 and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Age Differences, Individual Development, Cognitive Processes
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