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Martzog, Philipp; Stoeger, Heidrun; Suggate, Sebastian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
An increasing number of findings suggest that cognition is grounded in sensorimotor experiences. Research suggests that fine motor skills (FMS) link to cognitive abilities. Existing studies, however, lack conceptual and methodological differentiation regarding FMS and little is known about the directional nature of links. In study 1, we measured…
Descriptors: Correlation, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Foreign Countries
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Johnston, Angie M.; Sheskin, Mark; Keil, Frank C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In four experiments, we investigate how the ability to detect irrelevant explanations develops. In Experiments 1 and 2, 4- to 8-year-olds and adults rated different types of explanations about "what makes cars go" individually, in the absence of a direct contrast. Each explanation was true and relevant (e.g., "Cars have engines that…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Age Differences, Cognitive Development
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Ellefson, Michelle R.; Baker, Sara T.; Gibson, Jenny L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This article gives a reflective account of lessons learned from the experiences of three cognitive developmental scientists conducting psychological research in educational settings. First, we describe and analyze four key cultural distinctions between traditional approaches to research in psychology and education: 1) different structures, 2)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Executive Function, Educational Policy, Policy Formation
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Esposito, Alena G.; Bauer, Patricia J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
We describe research results and lessons learned from a laboratory/classroom collaboration with a school system offering both traditional English-only education and a dual-language track (Spanish/English). Through this collaboration, we addressed basic research questions informing malleable factors that impact cognitive development. In a…
Descriptors: Models, Bilingual Education, Program Evaluation, English (Second Language)
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O'Neil, Lauren Vega; Pakulak, Eric; Stevens, Courtney; Bell, Theodore A.; Fanning, Jessica L.; Gaston, Marci; Gomsrud, Melissa; Hampton Wray, Amanda; Holmes, Kerry B.; Klein, Scott; Longoria, Zayra; Reynolds, Mary Margaret; Snell, Karla; Soto, Annie; Neville, Helen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Translational research involving the development, implementation, and assessment of evidence-based interventions has shown promise in improving outcomes for children from lower socioeconomic-status backgrounds. One such approach involves 2-generation interventions, which target both children and their parents/caregivers. Here we traced the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Partnerships in Education, Early Intervention, College School Cooperation
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Henning, Kyle J.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Children tend to select a novel object rather than a familiar object when asked to identify the referent of a novel label. Current accounts of this so-called "disambiguation effect" do not address whether children have a general metacognitive representation of this way of determining the reference of novel labels. In two experiments…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Metacognition, Prediction
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Kristen-Antonow, Susanne; Jarvers, Irina; Sodian, Beate – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
It has been argued that the distinction between factivity and non-factivity is more fundamental to mental state understanding than that between false beliefs and reality. The present study examined children's growing understanding of all possible contrasts between the factive verb "know" and the non-factive verbs "think" and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Theory of Mind, Verbs, Comprehension
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Seidler, Anna Lene; Ritchie, Stuart J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
There are socioeconomic-status (SES) differences in cognitive development. Various factors have been proposed that might explain this association, and one of these factors is the home environment. The present study examined a chaotic home atmosphere as a potential mediator of the association between parental SES and cognitive development. A…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Development, Young Children
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Erb, Christopher D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Developmental theory has long emphasized the importance of linking perception, cognition, and action. Techniques designed to record the spatial and temporal characteristics of hand movements (i.e., "manual dynamics") present new opportunities to study the nature of these links across development by providing a window into how perceptual,…
Descriptors: Motor Reactions, Children, Measurement Techniques, Adults
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Wang, Su-hua; Onishi, Kristine H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Infants' representations of physical events are surprisingly flexible. Brief exposure to one event can immediately enhance infants' representations of another event. The present experiments tested two potential mechanisms underlying this priming: enhanced encoding or improved retrieval. Five-month-olds saw a target block become hidden inside a…
Descriptors: Infants, Cognitive Processes, Knowledge Representation, Observation
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Sheppard, Kelly W.; Cheatham, Carol L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The Electric Maze Task (EMT) is a novel planning task designed to allow flexible testing of planning abilities across a broad age range and to incorporate manipulations to test underlying planning abilities, such as working-memory and inhibitory control skills. The EMT was tested in a group of 63 typically developing 7- to 12-year-olds.…
Descriptors: Planning, Children, Preadolescents, Short Term Memory
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Weidinger, Nicole; Lindner, Katrin; Hogrefe, Katharina; Ziegler, Wolfram; Goldenberg, Georg – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined how 5- and 9-year-old children (N = 40) produce pantomimes of object use on verbal request. The task required participants to enact an action with an imagined object. Results showed that with age, children (a) proceeded from body part as object to imaginary object and (b) incorporated into their pantomimes more distinctive…
Descriptors: Children, Pantomime, Age Differences, Cognitive Development
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Lyons, Ashley B.; Cheries, Erik W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Adults automatically infer a person's social disposition and future behavior based on the many properties they observe about how they look and sound. The goal of the current study is to explore the developmental origins of this bias. We tested whether 12-month-old infants automatically infer a character's social disposition (e.g., whether they are…
Descriptors: Inferences, Personality, Infants, Bias
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Roebers, Claudia M.; Spiess, Manuela – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Although metacognition is considered a central aspect of self-regulated learning and is often linked to learning outcomes, little is known about the intraindividual development and factors that lead to developmental improvement over time. This longitudinal study investigated 2nd graders' (N = 119, aged 8-9 years) metacognitive monitoring and…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cognitive Development, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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