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Showing 1 to 15 of 53 results Save | Export
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Johnston, Angie M.; Sheskin, Mark; Keil, Frank C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In four experiments, we investigate how the ability to detect irrelevant explanations develops. In Experiments 1 and 2, 4- to 8-year-olds and adults rated different types of explanations about "what makes cars go" individually, in the absence of a direct contrast. Each explanation was true and relevant (e.g., "Cars have engines that…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Age Differences, Cognitive Development
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Lindow, Stefanie; Betsch, Tilmann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
In many decision situations, individuals must actively search information before they can make a satisfying choice. In such instances, individuals must be aware of the fact that not all information may be equally relevant for the choice at hand--thus, individuals should weight information by its respective relevance. We compared children's and…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Children, Information Seeking, Adults
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Brey, Elizabeth; Shutts, Kristin – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
What factors contribute to children's tendency to view individuals as having different traits and abilities? The present research tested whether young children are influenced by adults' nonverbal behaviors when making inferences about peers. In Study 1, participants (aged 5-6 years) viewed multiple videos of interactions between a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Cues, Nonverbal Communication, Inferences
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Brandone, Amanda C.; Klimek, Brittany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
In everyday life, we use folk theories about the mind and behavior to understand ourselves and others. An important part of our folk theory of mind is our intuitions about the role of the self in mental functioning--namely, whether the self is able to control each mental operation. The current study explored beliefs about the nature of control…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Folk Culture, Self Concept, Cognitive Ability
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Erb, Christopher D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Developmental theory has long emphasized the importance of linking perception, cognition, and action. Techniques designed to record the spatial and temporal characteristics of hand movements (i.e., "manual dynamics") present new opportunities to study the nature of these links across development by providing a window into how perceptual,…
Descriptors: Motor Reactions, Children, Measurement Techniques, Adults
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Roberts, Steven O.; Williams, Amber D.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Cross-race friendships can promote the development of positive racial attitudes, yet they are relatively uncommon and decline with age. In an effort to further our understanding of the extent to which children expect cross-race friendships to occur, we examined 4- to 6-year-olds' (and adults') use of race when predicting other children's…
Descriptors: Adults, Racial Relations, Positive Attitudes, Racial Attitudes
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Hardecker, Susanne; Schmidt, Marco F. H.; Tomasello, Michael – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Much research has investigated how children relate to norms taught to them by adult authorities. Very few studies have investigated norms that arise out of children's own peer interactions. In two studies, we investigated how 5- and 7-year-old children teach, enforce, and understand rules that they either created themselves or were taught by an…
Descriptors: Child Development, Behavior Standards, Social Behavior, Children
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Masnick, Amy M.; Klahr, David; Knowles, Erica R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The ability to use numerical evidence to revise beliefs about the physical world is an essential component of scientific reasoning that begins to develop in middle childhood. In 2 studies, we explored how data variability and consistency with participants' initial beliefs about causal factors associated with pendulums affected their ability to…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Children, Adults, Influences
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Roberts, Steven O.; Gelman, Susan A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has explored how multiracial individuals are categorized by monoracial individuals, but it has not yet explored how they are categorized by multiracial individuals themselves. We examined how multiracial children (aged 4-9 years old) and adults categorized multiracial targets (presented with and without parentage information). When…
Descriptors: Multiracial Persons, Children, Adults, Classification
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Lawson, Chris A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children are remarkably flexible reasoners insofar as they modify their inferences to accommodate the conceptual information or perceptual relations represented in an inductive problem. Children's inductive reasoning is highly sensitive to what evidence is presented to them. Four experiments with 115 preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 4;8) and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Adults, Logical Thinking, Evidence
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Friend, Margaret; Pace, Amy E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
From early in development, segmenting events unfolding in the world in meaningful ways renders input more manageable and facilitates interpretation and prediction. Yet, little is known about how children process action structure in events composed of multiple coarse-grained actions. More importantly, little is known about the time course of action…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adults, Motion, Cognitive Processes
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Simpson, Elizabeth A.; Suomi, Stephen J.; Paukner, Annika – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
In human children and adults, familiar face types--typically own-age and own-species faces--are discriminated better than other face types; however, human infants do not appear to exhibit an own-age bias but instead better discriminate adult faces, which they see more often. There are two possible explanations for this pattern: Perceptual…
Descriptors: Evolution, Human Body, Infants, Prediction
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Nissel, Jenny; Hawley-Dolan, Angelina; Winner, Ellen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
While it is sometimes claimed that abstract art requires little skill and is indistinguishable from the scribbles of young children, recent research has shown that even adults with no training in art can distinguish works by abstract expressionists from superficially similar works by children and even elephants, monkeys, and apes (Hawley-Dolan…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Art, Children, Young Children
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Ferrara, Katrina; Hoffman, James E.; O'Hearn, Kirsten; Landau, Barbara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The ability to track moving objects is a crucial skill for performance in everyday spatial tasks. The tracking mechanism depends on representation of moving items as coherent entities, which follow the spatiotemporal constraints of objects in the world. In the present experiment, participants tracked 1 to 4 targets in a display of 8 identical…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Visual Stimuli, Intellectual Disability, Adults
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Gelman, Susan A.; Frazier, Brandy N.; Noles, Nicholaus S.; Manczak, Erika M.; Stilwell, Sarah M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Adults attach special value to objects that link to notable people or events--authentic objects. We examined children's monetary evaluation of authentic objects, focusing on four kinds: celebrity possessions (e.g., Harry Potter's glasses), original creations (e.g., the very first teddy bear), personal possessions (e.g., your…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Adults, Children, Attachment Behavior
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