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Showing 1 to 15 of 32 results Save | Export
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Landry, Oriane; Chouinard, Philippe A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a term applied to individuals with personality and cognitive traits that are similar to but milder than those observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Subtle autistic traits in the core diagnostic domains of social communication and rigid behavior were described in family members of people with an ASD even…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Personality Traits
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Chandler, Michael – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The next several pages are intended as a "Commentary" on the six target articles bundled together as a Special Issue of the "Journal of Cognition and Development"--literature reviews and research reports all intended to "build bridges" between the study of cognitive development in typical and atypical populations.
Descriptors: Child Development, Attention, Cognitive Ability, Autism
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Bainter, Sierra A.; Curran, Patrick J. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Amid recent progress in cognitive development research, high-quality data resources are accumulating, and data sharing and secondary data analysis are becoming increasingly valuable tools. Integrative data analysis (IDA) is an exciting analytical framework that can enhance secondary data analysis in powerful ways. IDA pools item-level data across…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Integrated Activities, Inferences, Statistical Analysis
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Smith, Linda B.; Yu, Chen; Yoshida, Hanako; Fausey, Caitlin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Head-mounted video cameras (with and without an eye camera to track gaze direction) are being increasingly used to study infants' and young children's visual environments and provide new and often unexpected insights about the visual world from a child's point of view. The challenge in using head cameras is principally conceptual and concerns the…
Descriptors: Infants, Young Children, Video Technology, Visual Environment
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Salmon, Karen; Brown, Deirdre A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Medical contexts provide a rich opportunity to study important theoretical questions in cognitive development and to investigate the influence of a range of interacting factors relating to the child, the experience, and the broader social context on children's cognition. In the context of examples of research investigating these issues, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Child Development, Cognitive Ability, Research Methodology
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Bell, Martha Ann; Cuevas, Kimberly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Developmental research is enhanced by use of multiple methodologies for examining psychological processes. The electroencephalogram (EEG) is an efficient and relatively inexpensive method for the study of developmental changes in brain-behavior relations. In this review, we highlight some of the challenges for using EEG in cognitive development…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Development, Diagnostic Tests, Brain
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Miller, Michael R.; Giesbrecht, Gerald F.; Muller, Ulrich; McInerney, Robert J.; Kerns, Kimberly A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
The composition of executive function (EF) in preschool children was examined using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). A sample of 129 children between 3 and 5 years of age completed a battery of EF tasks. Using performance indicators of working memory and inhibition similar to previous CFA studies with preschoolers, we replicated a unitary EF…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Preschool Children, Factor Analysis, Inhibition
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Schutte, Anne R.; Spencer, John P. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
In early childhood, there is a developmental transition in spatial memory biases. Before the transition, children's memory responses are biased toward the midline of a space, while after the transition responses are biased away from midline. The Dynamic Field Theory (DFT) posits that changes in neural interaction and changes in how children…
Descriptors: Memory, Spatial Ability, Schemata (Cognition), Prediction
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Iordanou, Kalypso – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Instant-messaging software was used as a method to promote development of argumentation skills in middle schoolers. Transfer of skills across content domains was the major question investigated. Forty sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic--for half a science topic (dinosaur extinction) and for half a…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Home Schooling, Grade 6, Computer Mediated Communication
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Fitneva, Stanka A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Do children think that adult knowledge subsumes or only partially overlaps child knowledge? Sixty-four 4- and 6-year-old children were asked either whether a child and an adult know the answers to questions tapping adult- and child-specific knowledge (Experiment 1) or to whom each question should be addressed (Experiment 2). Children were also…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Beliefs, Adults, Age Differences
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Mills, Candice M.; Legare, Cristine H.; Bills, Megan; Mejias, Caroline – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
How do children use questions as tools to acquire new knowledge? The current experiment examined preschool children's ability to direct questions to appropriate sources to acquire knowledge. Fifty preschoolers engaged in a task that entailed asking questions to discover which special key would open a box that contained a prize. Children solved…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Questioning Techniques, Epistemology, Puppetry
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Hall, D. Geoffrey; Williams, Sean G.; Belanger, Julie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
In two experiments, one hundred ninety-two 3-year-olds, 4-year-olds, and adults heard a novel word for a target object and then were asked to extend the label to one of two test objects, one matching in shape-based object category (the shape match) and the other matching in a property other than shape (the property match). We independently…
Descriptors: Cues, Nouns, Preschool Children, Pragmatics
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Kannass, Kathleen N.; Colombo, John; Wyss, Nancy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
We investigated the effects of instructions to "stay on task" on preschoolers' attention and cognitive performance in the face of either incomprehensible or comprehensible distraction. Three- and 4-year-olds completed problem-solving tasks while a distracting event played continuously in the background under conditions of (a) no…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attention Span, Instruction, Time on Task
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Bialystok, Ellen; Barac, Raluca; Blaye, Agnes; Poulin-Dubois, Diane – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
The effect of bilingualism on the cognitive skills of young children was investigated by comparing performance of 162 children who belonged to one of two age groups (approximately 3- and 4.5-year-olds) and one of three language groups on a series of tasks examining executive control and word mapping. The children were monolingual English speakers,…
Descriptors: Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Cognitive Ability, Vocabulary
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Dandy, Kristina L.; Isaac, Marisa C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Reading-specific and general color-shape cognitive flexibility were assessed in 68 first and second graders to examine: 1) the development of graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility (the ability to process concurrently phonological and semantic aspects of print) in comparison to color-shape cognitive flexibility, 2) the contribution of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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