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Showing 91 to 105 of 471 results Save | Export
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Schutte, Anne R.; Keiser, Brian A.; Beattie, Heidi L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined whether attention to a location plays a role in the maintenance of locations in spatial working memory in young children as it does in adults. This study was the first to investigate whether distractors presented during the delay of a spatial working-memory task influenced young children's memory responses. Across 2…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Developmental Psychology, Young Children
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Macris, Deanna M.; Sobel, David M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Three experiments examined whether 4- and 5-year-olds can explicitly revise uncertain beliefs in light of disconfirming evidence. We considered 2 factors that might influence belief revision: (a) the type and variability of evidence provided, and (b) whether children generated an explanation of their initial hypothesis. When provided with limited…
Descriptors: Role, Preschool Children, Evidence, Cognitive Processes
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Leblanc, Élizabel; Bernier, Annie; Howe, Nina – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Sibling relationships are argued to offer a rich social context for the development of young children's theory of mind (ToM). There is evidence that the presence of siblings, particularly older siblings, may promote preschoolers' ToM, but it has not been investigated among toddlers. This study evaluated differences in early manifestations of ToM…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Theory of Mind, Toddlers, Siblings
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Hwang, Hyesung G.; Marrus, Natasha; Irvin, Kelsey; Markson, Lori – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Humans are motivated to connect with others and are sensitive to social exclusion--intentionally leaving out others. This ability to detect social exclusion is suggested to be evolutionarily adaptive, biologically hardwired, and an important feature of social-cognitive development. Yet it is unclear when children start to independently detect…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Peer Relationship, Social Isolation, Peer Acceptance
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Sobel, David M.; Erb, Christopher D.; Tassin, Tiffany; Weisberg, Deena Skolnick – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children can engage in diagnostic reasoning. However, almost all research demonstrating such capacities has investigated children's inferences when the individual efficacy of each candidate cause is known. Here we show that there is development between ages five and seven in children's ability to reason about the number of candidate causes…
Descriptors: Inferences, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Ability, Cognitive Development
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Washinawatok, Karen; Rasmussen, Connie; Bang, Megan; Medin, Douglas; Woodring, Jennifer; Waxman, Sandra; Marin, Ananda; Gurneau, Jasmine; Faber, Lori – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined the play of 4-year-old children with a forest diorama that included toy representations of plants and animals. To examine the potential role of culture and expertise in diorama play, children from 3 samples participated: rural Native American, urban Native American, and urban non-Native American. Children's playtime was divided…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Play, Ecology, Models
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Viterbori, Paola; Traverso, Laura; Usai, M. Carmen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated the roles of different executive function (EF) components (inhibition, shifting, and working memory) in 2-step arithmetic word problem solving. A sample of 139 children aged 8 years old and regularly attending the 3rd grade of primary school were tested on 6 EF tasks measuring different EF components, a reading task and a…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic
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Klemfuss, J. Zoe; Wang, Qi – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study examined the extent to which school-aged children's general narrative skills provide cognitive benefits for accurate remembering or enable good storytelling that undermines memory accuracy. European American and Chinese American 6-year-old boys and girls (N = 114) experienced a staged event in the laboratory and were asked to tell a…
Descriptors: Young Children, Story Telling, Long Term Memory, Accuracy
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
Mix, Kelly S.; Smith, Linda B.; Stockton, Jerri DaSha; Cheng, Yi-Ling; Barterian, Justin A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Two experiments examined whether concrete models support place value learning. In Experiment 1 (N = 149), 7-year-olds were trained with either a) symbols alone or b) symbols and base-10 blocks. Children in both groups showed significant growth overall, but there were specific effects favoring one training type over another. Symbols-only training…
Descriptors: Symbols (Mathematics), Models, Number Concepts, Mathematics Instruction
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Kim, Sunae; Kalish, Charles W.; Weisman, Kara; Johnson, Marissa V.; Shutts, Kristin – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Children recognize that people who know more are better informants than those who know less. How does an individual's prior knowledge affect children's decisions about whom to inform? In 3 experiments, 3- to 6-year-old children were invited to share a novel piece of information with 1 of 2 potential recipients who differed in their recent history…
Descriptors: Young Children, Prior Learning, Knowledge Level, Experiments
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Bauer, Patricia J.; Stewart, Rebekah; White, Elizabeth A.; Larkina, Marina – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Episodic memories are of specific events and experiences associated with particular times and places. Whereas memory for the temporal aspects of past events has been a focus of research attention, memory for the location in which events were experienced has been less fully investigated. The limited developmental research suggests that…
Descriptors: Memory, Young Children, Recall (Psychology), Activities
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Dunham, Yarrow; Olson, Kristina R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Developmental research on social categorization has overwhelmingly focused on perceptions about and experiences of individuals who are clear or prototypical members of discrete and usually dichotomous social categories. For example, studies of social categorization, stereotyping, prejudice, and social identity have generally explored how children…
Descriptors: Social Influences, Classification, Labeling (of Persons), Social Attitudes
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Burack, Jacob A.; Russo, Natalie; Kovshoff, Hannah; Palma Fernandes, Tania; Ringo, Jason; Landry, Oriane; Iarocci, Grace – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Evidence from the study of attention among persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children suggests a rethinking of the notion that performance inherently reflects disability, ability, or capacity in favor of a more nuanced story that involves an emphasis on styles and biases that reflect real-world attending. We…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention, Child Development
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Landry, Oriane; Chouinard, Philippe A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The broader autism phenotype (BAP) is a term applied to individuals with personality and cognitive traits that are similar to but milder than those observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Subtle autistic traits in the core diagnostic domains of social communication and rigid behavior were described in family members of people with an ASD even…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Personality Traits
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