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Showing 166 to 180 of 471 results Save | Export
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Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Posid, Tasha; Cordes, Sara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
A crucial component of numerical understanding is one's ability to abstract numerical properties regardless of varying perceptual attributes. Evidence from numerical match-to-sample tasks suggests that children find it difficult to match sets based on number in the face of varying perceptual attributes, yet it is unclear whether these findings are…
Descriptors: Computation, Young Children, Perception, Verbal Communication
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Klemfuss, J. Zoe – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Theorists have identified language as a critical contributor to children's episodic memory development, yet studies linking language and memory have had mixed results. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms linking language and memory and to explain the previous mixed results. Sixty-four preschool children's receptive and productive…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Recall (Psychology), Preschool Children, Correlation
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Peterson, Carole; Fowler, Tania; Brandeau, Katherine M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Four- to 11-year-old children were interviewed about 2 different sorts of memories in the same home visit: recent memories of highly salient and stressful events--namely, injuries serious enough to require hospital emergency room treatment--and their earliest memories. Injury memories were scored for amount of unique information, completeness…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Young Children, Children
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Charafeddine, Rawan; Mercier, Hugo; Clément, Fabrice; Kaufmann, Laurence; Berchtold, André; Reboul, Anne; Van der Henst, Jean-Baptiste – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
A series of four experiments investigated preschoolers' abilities to make sense of dominance relations. Experiments 1 and 2 showed that as early as 3 years old, preschoolers are able to infer dominance not only from physical supremacy but also from decision power, age, and resources. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that preschoolers have expectations…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Inferences, Power Structure, Age Differences
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Nakamichi, Naoko – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Recent studies indicate the need to investigate the sources of toddlers' understanding of another person's pretense. The present study is a cultural and longitudinal extension of the work of Lillard and Witherington (2004), who claimed that mothers modify their behaviors during pretense and that the some of these behavior modifications help their…
Descriptors: Mothers, Behavior Modification, Toddlers, Comprehension
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Chalik, Lisa; Rhodes, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Three studies examined the communication of naïve theories of social groups in conversations between parents and their 4-year-old children (N = 48). Parent-child dyads read and discussed a storybook in which they either explained why past social interactions had occurred (Study 1) or evaluated whether future social interactions should occur…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Young Children, Story Reading
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Arterberry, Martha E.; Hughes, Brittany C.; Mejia, Barbara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The present study investigated children's judgments of actions as a function of the valence of the action and the race of the actor. Three- to 8-year-old children were read an illustrated storybook in which 1 character did not share (a negatively valenced action) and the other character was helpful (a positively valenced action). The race of the…
Descriptors: Young Children, Social Cognition, Race, Value Judgment
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Widen, Sherri C.; Russell, James A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Past research has shown that children recognize emotions from facial expressions poorly and improve only gradually with age, but the stimuli in such studies have been static faces. Because dynamic faces include more information, it may well be that children more readily recognize emotions from dynamic facial expressions. The current study of…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Children, Emotional Response, Age Differences
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Garon, Nancy; Longard, Julie; Craig, Bethany; Kent, Kiera – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The current study investigated the effect of frequency of loss and awareness on the ability to make advantageous decisions in preschoolers using a child variant of the Iowa Gambling Task (Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994). Preschoolers (N = 50) were randomly assigned to either a low loss frequency (0.1) or a high loss frequency…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Games, Performance, Foreign Countries
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Holt, Anna E.; Deák, Gedeon – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
In simple rule-switching tests, 3- and 4-year-olds can follow each of two sorting rules but sometimes make perseverative errors when switching. Older children make few errors but respond slowly when switching. These age-related changes might reflect the maturation of executive functions (e.g., inhibition). However, they might also reflect…
Descriptors: Cues, Task Analysis, Executive Function, Control Groups
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Van Reet, Jennifer – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The present research explores the role of inhibitory control (IC) in young preschoolers' pretense ability using an ego depletion paradigm. In Experiment 1 (N = 56), children's pretense ability was assessed either before or after participating in conflict IC or control tasks, and in Experiment 2 (N = 36), pretense ability was measured after…
Descriptors: Child Development, Cognitive Development, Inhibition, Preschool Children
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Howe, Nina; Della Porta, Sandra; Recchia, Holly; Funamoto, Allyson; Ross, Hildy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Social-constructivist models of learning highlight that cognitive development is embedded within the context of social relationships characterized by closeness and intimacy (Vygotsky, 1978). Therefore, in contrast to prior research employing semistructured paradigms, naturalistic sibling-directed teaching was examined during ongoing interactions…
Descriptors: Siblings, Young Children, Naturalistic Observation, Instruction
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Diergarten, Anna Katharina; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Two studies examined inferences drawn about the protagonist's emotional state in movies (Study 1) or audiobooks (Study 2). Children aged 5, 8, and 10 years old and adults took part. Participants saw or heard 20 movie scenes or sections of audiobooks taken or adapted from the TV show Lassie. An online measure of emotional inference was designed…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Inferences, Psychological Patterns
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LeBarton, Eve Sauer; Goldin-Meadow, Susan; Raudenbush, Stephen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Differences in vocabulary that children bring with them to school can be traced back to the gestures they produced at the age of 1;2, which, in turn, can be traced back to the gestures their parents produced at the same age (Rowe & Goldin-Meadow, 2009a). We ask here whether child gesture can be experimentally increased and, if so, whether the…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Vocabulary Development, Intervention, Oral Language
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