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Showing 1 to 15 of 97 results Save | Export
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Kulke, Louisa; Rakoczy, Hannes – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to attribute mental states to agents, has usually been measured with explicit verbal tasks and found to develop slowly during the preschool years. New implicit ToM measures have lately revolutionized the field by suggesting that ToM may be present much earlier in development. However, recent replication studies of…
Descriptors: Verbal Communication, Role, Preschool Children, Theory of Mind
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Diuk, Beatriz; Barreyro, Juan Pablo; Ferroni, Marina; Mena, Milagros; Serrano, Francisca – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Reading difficulties of children growing up in poverty contexts have not received as much attention as those of children from middle-income families. This paper analyzes the reading-related cognitive profiles of Argentine, Spanish-speaking, low-SES children with reading difficulties (RD), by comparing them with chronological age- (CA) and reading…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Socioeconomic Status, Cognitive Processes, Profiles
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Seger, Benedikt T.; Wannagat, Wienke; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In our current culture, children are exposed to a huge amount of audiovisual media, of which many formats include animated pictures, such as in videos, for instance. The current study addresses the use of audiovisual media in order to increase the effectiveness of learning and teaching. We examined how auditory text, audiovisual text with static…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Memory, Animation
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Martzog, Philipp; Stoeger, Heidrun; Suggate, Sebastian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
An increasing number of findings suggest that cognition is grounded in sensorimotor experiences. Research suggests that fine motor skills (FMS) link to cognitive abilities. Existing studies, however, lack conceptual and methodological differentiation regarding FMS and little is known about the directional nature of links. In study 1, we measured…
Descriptors: Correlation, Preschool Children, Psychomotor Skills, Foreign Countries
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Howe, Nina; Persram, Ryan J.; Bergeron, Catherine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The sibling relationship represents a unique bond characterized by a high degree of closeness and intimacy, which fosters teaching and learning. Two studies investigated associations between sibling-directed teaching, imitation as a learning strategy, and learner involvement during a semi-structured, video-taped construction task. Study 1 also…
Descriptors: Imitation, Learning Strategies, Siblings, Sibling Relationship
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Early scientific thinking in kindergarten (6-year-olds) was investigated in a large study involving 227 participants. We investigated (1) whether individual differences across 3 scientific-thinking components (experimentation, data interpretation, and understanding the nature of science) are stable across children, (2) whether children's increased…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Kindergarten
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De Bordes, Pieter F.; Hasselman, Fred; Cox, Ralf F. A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
From a perceptual learning perspective, infants use social information (like gaze direction) in a similar way as other information in our physical environment (like object movements) to specify action possibilities. In the current study, we assumed that infants are able to learn an affordance upon observing an adult failing to act out that…
Descriptors: Infants, Perceptual Development, Observation, Cues
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Ellefson, Michelle R.; Baker, Sara T.; Gibson, Jenny L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This article gives a reflective account of lessons learned from the experiences of three cognitive developmental scientists conducting psychological research in educational settings. First, we describe and analyze four key cultural distinctions between traditional approaches to research in psychology and education: 1) different structures, 2)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Executive Function, Educational Policy, Policy Formation
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Frankenberg, Sofia J.; Taguchi, Hillevi Lenz; Gerholm, Tove; Bodén, Linnea; Kallioinen, Petter; Kjällander, Susanne; Palmer, Anna; Tonér, Signe – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Within the field of developmental science, there is a general agreement of the need to work together across academic disciplinary boundaries in order to advance the understandings of how to optimize child development and learning. However, experience also shows that such collaborations may be challenging. This paper reports on the experiences of…
Descriptors: Cooperation, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Foreign Countries
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Sun, Sumin; Schweizer, Karl; Ren, Xuezhu – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
This study examined whether there is a developmental difference in the emergence of an item-position effect in intelligence testing. The item-position effect describes the dependency of the item's characteristics on the positions of the items and is explained by learning. Data on fluid intelligence measured by Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Test Items, Difficulty Level, Short Term Memory
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Kristen-Antonow, Susanne; Jarvers, Irina; Sodian, Beate – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
It has been argued that the distinction between factivity and non-factivity is more fundamental to mental state understanding than that between false beliefs and reality. The present study examined children's growing understanding of all possible contrasts between the factive verb "know" and the non-factive verbs "think" and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Theory of Mind, Verbs, Comprehension
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Rodrigues, Pedro F. S.; Pandeirada, Josefa N. S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by a complex maturation process of various cognitive abilities. Cognitive control, which includes response inhibition and working memory, is one of them. A typical study on response inhibition to visual stimuli presents distractors and targets on the same display (e.g., the computer screen).…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Environmental Influences, Visual Environment, Adolescents
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Lowrie, Tom; Logan, Tracy; Hegarty, Mary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Over three decades of research has shown that spatial reasoning and mathematics performance are highly correlated. Spatial visualization, in particular, has been found to predict mathematics performance in primary and middle school children. This research sought to determine the effectiveness of a spatial visualization intervention program on…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Visualization, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Skills
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Zeng, Zhen; Kalashnikova, Marina; Antoniou, Mark – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Bilingual experience has an impact on an individual's linguistic processing and general cognitive abilities. The relation between these linguistic and non-linguistic domains, in turn, is mediated by individual linguistic proficiency and developmental changes that take place across the lifespan. This study evaluated this relationship by assessing…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Verbal Ability, Language Fluency, Executive Function
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Zhao, Xin; Fu, Junjun; Ma, Xiaofeng; Maes, Joseph H. R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
According to the executive framework of prospective memory (PM), age-related differences in PM performance are mediated by age-related differences in executive functioning (EF). The present study further explored this framework by examining which specific components of EF are associated with PM differences between and within three age groups. A…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Memory, Executive Function, Age Groups
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