NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
Audience
Laws, Policies, & Programs
What Works Clearinghouse Rating
Showing all 11 results Save | Export
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Loehr, Abbey M.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has demonstrated that providing labels helps children notice key features of examples. Much less is known about how different labels impact children's ability to make inferences about the structure underlying mathematical notation. We tested the impact of labeling decimals such as 0.34 using formal place-value labels ("3 tenths and 4…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Viterbori, Paola; Traverso, Laura; Usai, M. Carmen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated the roles of different executive function (EF) components (inhibition, shifting, and working memory) in 2-step arithmetic word problem solving. A sample of 139 children aged 8 years old and regularly attending the 3rd grade of primary school were tested on 6 EF tasks measuring different EF components, a reading task and a…
Descriptors: Role, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, Arithmetic
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Löffler, Elisabeth; von der Linden, Nicole; Schneider, Wolfgang – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Two studies were conducted to investigate effects of domain knowledge on metacognitive monitoring across the life span in materials of different complexity. Participants from 4 age groups (3rd-grade children, adolescents, younger and older adults) were compared using an expert-novice paradigm. In Study 1, soccer experts' and novices'…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Age Differences, Grade 3, Children
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Watchorn, Rebecca P. D.; Bisanz, Jeffrey; Fast, Lisa; LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Skwarchuk, Sheri-Lynn; Smith-Chant, Brenda L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
The principle of "inversion," that a + b - b "must" equal a, is a fundamental property of arithmetic, but many children fail to apply it in symbolic contexts through 10 years of age. We explore three hypotheses relating to the use of inversion that stem from a model proposed by Siegler and Araya (2005). Hypothesis 1 is that…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Computation, Attention Control
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Hirsch, Pamela L.; Sandberg, Elisabeth Hollister – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Two studies examined children's map construction skills when drawing demands were removed from the task and scenes were highly simplified. Study 1 compared the performance of first graders and third graders on their ability to preserve configuration during transformation of pictured arrays from eye-level to aerial views. For children with…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Age Differences, Map Skills
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lipko, Amanda R.; Dunlosky, John; Lipowski, Stacy L.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
In this study the authors investigated whether children demonstrated the "underconfidence-with-practice" (UWP) effect. This effect is a highly robust metacognitive illusion in which adults become underconfident in their memory performance when asked to predict their memory for the same items across multiple study-test trials. One…
Descriptors: Heuristics, Prediction, Young Children, Memory
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Rhemtulla, Mijke; Little, Todd D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Data collection can be the most time- and cost-intensive part of developmental research. This article describes some long-proposed but little-used research designs that have the potential to maximize data quality (reliability and validity) while minimizing research cost. In "planned missing data designs", missing data are used…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Reliability, Validity, Measures (Individuals)
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Nilsen, Elizabeth S.; Glenwright, Melanie; Huyder, Vanessa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Incongruity between a positive statement and a negative context is a cue to verbal irony. Two studies examined whether school-age children and adults recognized that listeners require knowledge of context to detect irony. Specifically, the studies investigated whether participants could inhibit their own context knowledge to appropriately gauge…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Cues, Verbal Communication, Theory of Mind
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Lorsbach, Thomas C.; Reimer, Jason F. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
The present study examined whether younger and older children differ in the use of the goal-related information in a continuous performance task (AX-CPT), and if so, whether those age differences are due to the ability to represent and/or maintain goal information. Experiment 1 compared third- and sixth-grade children in their ability to transform…
Descriptors: Cues, Age Differences, Short Term Memory, Grade 6
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
Cook, Susan Wagner; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2006
Adding gesture to spoken instructions makes those instructions more effective. The question we ask here is why. A group of 49 third and fourth grade children were given instruction in mathematical equivalence with gesture or without it. Children given instruction that included a correct problem-solving strategy in gesture were significantly more…
Descriptors: Children, Nonverbal Communication, Grade 3, Grade 4
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
DeMarie, Darlene; Miller, Patricia H.; Ferron, John; Cunningham, Walter R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2004
Path analysis was used to test theoretical models of relations among variables known to predict differences in children's memory--strategies, capacity, and metamemory. Children in kindergarten to fourth grade (chronological ages 5 to 11) performed different memory tasks. Several strategies (i.e., sorting, clustering, rehearsal, and self-testing)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Path Analysis, Models