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Ramirez, Gerardo; Fries, Laura; Gunderson, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Learning to read is a critical but often challenging academic task for young children. In the current study, we explore the relation between children's reading affect--particularly anxiety--and reading achievement in the early years of reading acquisition. We hypothesized that reading anxiety would relate to reading achievement across the school…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Anxiety, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement
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McMurray, Bob; Roembke, Tanja C.; Hazeltine, Eliot – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Many details in reading curricula (e.g., the order of materials) have analogs in laboratory studies of learning (e.g., blocking/interleaving). Principles of learning from cognitive science could be used to structure these materials to optimize learning, but they are not commonly applied. Recent work bridges this gap by "field testing"…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Instruction, Cognitive Science, Spelling
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Coffman, Jennifer L.; Grammer, Jennie K.; Hudson, Kesha N.; Thomas, Taylor E.; Villwock, Diane; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
As children transition from the early to later grades of elementary school, they become increasingly skilled at employing a variety of techniques -- such as rehearsal and organizational strategies -- for remembering information. Developmental changes in strategy use have been well documented, but little is known about the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Tang, Joey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The current study aimed at addressing two issues concerning children's estimation performance: (1) to investigate whether the log-to-linear framework or the proportional judgment framework provided a better explanation of children's estimation patterns, and (2) to examine the consistency of response patterns in different estimation tasks. A sample…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Guidelines, Responses, Arithmetic
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Ramirez, Gerardo; Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Levine, Susan C.; Beilock, Sian L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether…
Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Short Term Memory, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Mathematics
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Hirsch, Pamela L.; Sandberg, Elisabeth Hollister – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Two studies examined children's map construction skills when drawing demands were removed from the task and scenes were highly simplified. Study 1 compared the performance of first graders and third graders on their ability to preserve configuration during transformation of pictured arrays from eye-level to aerial views. For children with…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Age Differences, Map Skills
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Eskritt, Michelle; Olson, David – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
The purpose of the present study was to explore children's understanding of external symbols by examining the relationship between children's production and comprehension of graphic notations and verbal messages. Fifty-six children between the ages of 5 and 7 years were asked to produce both notations and a spoken message relaying to their…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Puppetry, Graphs, Identification
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Dandy, Kristina L.; Isaac, Marisa C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Reading-specific and general color-shape cognitive flexibility were assessed in 68 first and second graders to examine: 1) the development of graphophonological-semantic cognitive flexibility (the ability to process concurrently phonological and semantic aspects of print) in comparison to color-shape cognitive flexibility, 2) the contribution of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Mix, Kelly S.; Paik, Jae H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2008
We investigated the effects of transparent fraction names on children's reasoning about fractions. U.S. and Korean first and second graders were tested using verbal and nonverbal measures. On a verbal task, Korean students were worse at interpreting their own conventional fraction names than interpreting modified terms with a more familiar word…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Korean Americans, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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DeMarie, Darlene; Miller, Patricia H.; Ferron, John; Cunningham, Walter R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2004
Path analysis was used to test theoretical models of relations among variables known to predict differences in children's memory--strategies, capacity, and metamemory. Children in kindergarten to fourth grade (chronological ages 5 to 11) performed different memory tasks. Several strategies (i.e., sorting, clustering, rehearsal, and self-testing)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Path Analysis, Models