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Nilsen, Elizabeth S.; Glenwright, Melanie; Huyder, Vanessa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Incongruity between a positive statement and a negative context is a cue to verbal irony. Two studies examined whether school-age children and adults recognized that listeners require knowledge of context to detect irony. Specifically, the studies investigated whether participants could inhibit their own context knowledge to appropriately gauge…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Cues, Verbal Communication, Theory of Mind
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Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-Ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, Laboratories, Personal Narratives, Memory
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Fitneva, Stanka A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Do children think that adult knowledge subsumes or only partially overlaps child knowledge? Sixty-four 4- and 6-year-old children were asked either whether a child and an adult know the answers to questions tapping adult- and child-specific knowledge (Experiment 1) or to whom each question should be addressed (Experiment 2). Children were also…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Beliefs, Adults, Age Differences
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Huizinga, Mariette; Burack, Jacob A.; Van der Molen, Maurits W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
The focus of this study was the developmental pattern of the ability to shift attention between global and local levels of hierarchical stimuli. Children aged 7 years and 11 years and 21-year-old adults were administered a task (two experiments) that allowed for the examination of 1) the direction of attention to global or local stimulus levels;…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Stimuli, Children, Young Adults
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Recker, Kara M.; Plumert, Jodie M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2008
We conducted three experiments to investigate how opportunities to view objects together in time influence memory for location. Children and adults learned the locations of 20 objects marked by dots on the floor of an open, square box. During learning, participants viewed the objects either simultaneously or in isolation. At test, participants…
Descriptors: Cues, Memory, Children, Adults