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Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-Ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, Laboratories, Personal Narratives, Memory
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Kuwabara, Megumi; Son, Ji Y.; Smith, Linda B. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
A growing number of studies suggests cultural differences in the attention and evaluation of information in adults (Hedden, Ketay, Aron, Markus, & Gabrieli, 2008; Markus & Kitayama, 1991; Masuda & Nisbett, 2001). One cultural comparison, between Westerners, such as Americans, and Easterners, such as the Japanese, suggests that…
Descriptors: Cues, Nonverbal Communication, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Woolley, Jacqueline D.; Ma, Lili; Lopez-Mobilia, Gabriel – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
In this study, the authors assessed children's ability to use information overheard in other people's conversations to judge the reality status of a novel entity. Three- to 9-year-old children (N = 101) watched video clips in which two adults conversed casually about a novel being. Videos contained statements that explicitly denied, explicitly…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Cues, Child Development, Children
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Kulkofsky, Sarah; Wang, Qi; Koh, Jessie Bee Kim – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2009
This study examined maternal beliefs about the functions of memory sharing and the relations between these beliefs and mother-child reminiscing behaviors in a cross-cultural context. Sixty-three European American and 47 Chinese mothers completed an open-ended questionnaire concerning their beliefs about the functions of parent-child memory…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Memory
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Fivush, Robyn; Wang, Qi – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
We examined how mother-child emotional reminiscing is affected by culture, gender, and the valence of the event. Thirty-one Euro-American and 30 Chinese middle-class mothers and their 3-year-old children discussed 1 highly positive and 1 highly negative experience. Mothers and children in both cultures used a greater variety of negative emotion…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Mothers, Preschool Children, Cultural Influences