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Wilbourn, Makeba Parramore; Sims, Jacqueline Prince – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
In the early stages of word learning, children demonstrate considerable flexibility in the type of symbols they will accept as object labels. However, around the 2nd year, as children continue to gain language experience, they become focused on more conventional symbols (e.g., words) as opposed to less conventional symbols (e.g., gestures). During…
Descriptors: Generalization, Toddlers, Nonverbal Communication, Linguistic Input
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Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-Ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, Laboratories, Personal Narratives, Memory
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Hedrick, Amy M.; Haden, Catherine A.; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2009
An experimental design was utilized to examine the effects of elaborative talk during and/or after an event on children's event memory reports. Sixty preschoolers were assigned randomly to one of four conditions that varied according to a researcher's use of high- or low- elaborative during- and/or post-event talk about a camping event. In a…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Interpersonal Communication, Time Perspective