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Chalik, Lisa; Rhodes, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Three studies examined the communication of naïve theories of social groups in conversations between parents and their 4-year-old children (N = 48). Parent-child dyads read and discussed a storybook in which they either explained why past social interactions had occurred (Study 1) or evaluated whether future social interactions should occur…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Young Children, Story Reading
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Rhodes, Marjorie; Gelman, Susan A.; Karuza, J. Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
These studies examined the role of ontological beliefs about category boundaries in early categorization. Study 1 found that preschool-age children (N = 48, aged 3-4 years old) have domain-specific beliefs about the meaning of category boundaries; children judged the boundaries of natural kind categories (animal species, human gender) as discrete…
Descriptors: Role, Beliefs, Preschool Children, Classification
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Chalik, Lisa; Rhodes, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Developing mechanisms for predicting human action is a critical task of early conceptual development. Three studies examined whether 4-year-old children (N = 149) use social allegiances to predict behavior, by testing whether they expect the experiences of social partners to influence individual action. After being exposed to a conflict between…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Prediction, Friendship, Conflict