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Klemfuss, J. Zoe – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Theorists have identified language as a critical contributor to children's episodic memory development, yet studies linking language and memory have had mixed results. The present study aimed to clarify the mechanisms linking language and memory and to explain the previous mixed results. Sixty-four preschool children's receptive and productive…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Recall (Psychology), Preschool Children, Correlation
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Chalik, Lisa; Rhodes, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Three studies examined the communication of naïve theories of social groups in conversations between parents and their 4-year-old children (N = 48). Parent-child dyads read and discussed a storybook in which they either explained why past social interactions had occurred (Study 1) or evaluated whether future social interactions should occur…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Interpersonal Communication, Young Children, Story Reading
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Wang, Qi; Capous, Diana; Koh, Jessie Bee Kim; Hou, Yubo – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
The abilities of past and future episodic thinking develop hand in hand across the preschool years and are intimately connected in adults. Little is known, however, about the development of episodic thinking in middle childhood and how it is influenced by sociocultural factors. In the present study, one hundred sixty-seven 7- to 10-year-old…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Asians, Interviews, Cultural Background
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Rhodes, Marjorie; Gelman, Susan A.; Karuza, J. Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
These studies examined the role of ontological beliefs about category boundaries in early categorization. Study 1 found that preschool-age children (N = 48, aged 3-4 years old) have domain-specific beliefs about the meaning of category boundaries; children judged the boundaries of natural kind categories (animal species, human gender) as discrete…
Descriptors: Role, Beliefs, Preschool Children, Classification
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Chalik, Lisa; Rhodes, Marjorie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Developing mechanisms for predicting human action is a critical task of early conceptual development. Three studies examined whether 4-year-old children (N = 149) use social allegiances to predict behavior, by testing whether they expect the experiences of social partners to influence individual action. After being exposed to a conflict between…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Prediction, Friendship, Conflict