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Lyons, Ashley B.; Cheries, Erik W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Adults automatically infer a person's social disposition and future behavior based on the many properties they observe about how they look and sound. The goal of the current study is to explore the developmental origins of this bias. We tested whether 12-month-old infants automatically infer a character's social disposition (e.g., whether they are…
Descriptors: Inferences, Personality, Infants, Bias
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Pollock, Amanda; Fineman, Bonnie; Pezaris, Elizabeth – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
This study investigated longitudinal pathways leading from early spatial skills in first-grade girls to their fifth-grade analytical math reasoning abilities (N = 138). First-grade assessments included spatial skills, verbal skills, addition/subtraction skills, and frequency of choice of a decomposition or retrieval strategy on the…
Descriptors: Females, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction, Predictor Variables
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Nissel, Jenny; Hawley-Dolan, Angelina; Winner, Ellen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
While it is sometimes claimed that abstract art requires little skill and is indistinguishable from the scribbles of young children, recent research has shown that even adults with no training in art can distinguish works by abstract expressionists from superficially similar works by children and even elephants, monkeys, and apes (Hawley-Dolan…
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Art, Children, Young Children
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Posid, Tasha; Cordes, Sara – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
A crucial component of numerical understanding is one's ability to abstract numerical properties regardless of varying perceptual attributes. Evidence from numerical match-to-sample tasks suggests that children find it difficult to match sets based on number in the face of varying perceptual attributes, yet it is unclear whether these findings are…
Descriptors: Computation, Young Children, Perception, Verbal Communication
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Widen, Sherri C.; Russell, James A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Past research has shown that children recognize emotions from facial expressions poorly and improve only gradually with age, but the stimuli in such studies have been static faces. Because dynamic faces include more information, it may well be that children more readily recognize emotions from dynamic facial expressions. The current study of…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Children, Emotional Response, Age Differences
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Peterson, Eric; Peterson, Robin L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
In light of the adult model of a hemispheric asymmetry of global and local processing, we compared children (M [subscript age] = 8.4 years) to adults in a global-local reaction time (RT) paradigm. Hierarchical designs (large shapes made of small shapes) were presented randomly to each visual field, and participants were instructed to identify…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Children, Adults, Comparative Analysis
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Baron, Andrew Scott; Dunham, Yarrow; Banaji, Mahzarin; Carey, Susan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Determining which dimensions of social classification are culturally significant is a developmental challenge. Some suggest this is accomplished by differentially privileging intrinsic visual cues over nonintrinsic cues (Atran, 1990; Gil-White, 2001), whereas others point to the role of noun labels as more general promoters of kind-based reasoning…
Descriptors: Cues, Classification, Nouns, Visual Stimuli
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Kim, Sunae; Harris, Paul L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
Children are able to distinguish between regular events that can occur in everyday reality and magical events that are ordinarily impossible. How do children respond to a person who brings about magical as compared with ordinary outcomes? In two studies, we tested children's acceptance of informants' claims when the informants had produced either…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Fantasy, Trust (Psychology), Comparative Analysis
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Canfield, Caitlin F.; Ganea, Patricia A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
How can we explain children's understanding of the unseen world? Young children are generally able to distinguish between real unobservable entities and fantastical ones, but they attribute different characteristics to and show less confidence in their decisions about fantastical entities generally endorsed by adults, such as Santa Claus. One…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Fantasy, Imagination, Cognitive Ability
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Carrico, Renee L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
The current study examined the role of increased attentional load in 24 month-old children's multistep problem-solving behavior. Children solved an object-based nonspatial working-memory search task, to which a motor component of varying difficulty was added. Significant disruptions in search performance were observed with the introduction of the…
Descriptors: Attention, Problem Solving, Toddlers, Task Analysis
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Hirsch, Pamela L.; Sandberg, Elisabeth Hollister – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Two studies examined children's map construction skills when drawing demands were removed from the task and scenes were highly simplified. Study 1 compared the performance of first graders and third graders on their ability to preserve configuration during transformation of pictured arrays from eye-level to aerial views. For children with…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Age Differences, Map Skills
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Reese, Elaine; Haden, Catherine A.; Baker-Ward, Lynne; Bauer, Patricia; Fivush, Robyn; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Personal narratives are integral to autobiographical memory and to identity, with coherent personal narratives being linked to positive developmental outcomes across the lifespan. In this article, we review the theoretical and empirical literature that sets the stage for a new lifespan model of personal narrative coherence. This new model…
Descriptors: Rhetoric, Laboratories, Personal Narratives, Memory
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Xu, Fei; Baker, Allison – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2005
Several investigators find that infants fail to use property information to individuate objects until 12 months of age (e.g., Xu & Carey, 1996), while others find that infants successfully employ property information in the service of object individuation at 9.5 months (e.g., Wilcox & Baillargeon, 1998a). This study investigated…
Descriptors: Infants, Experiments, Child Development, Age Differences