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Showing 1 to 15 of 20 results Save | Export
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Howe, Nina; Persram, Ryan J.; Bergeron, Catherine – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The sibling relationship represents a unique bond characterized by a high degree of closeness and intimacy, which fosters teaching and learning. Two studies investigated associations between sibling-directed teaching, imitation as a learning strategy, and learner involvement during a semi-structured, video-taped construction task. Study 1 also…
Descriptors: Imitation, Learning Strategies, Siblings, Sibling Relationship
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Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E.; Iannuzziello, Alana; Varin, Jade – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
Children frequently select learning sources based on epistemic cues, or cues pertaining to informants' knowledge. Previous research has shown that preschoolers preferentially learn from informants who have been accurate in the past, appear confident, or have had visual access to relevant information. The present series of studies aimed to…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Preschool Children, Epistemology, Cues
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Bacso, Sarah A.; Nilsen, Elizabeth S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Young children often provide ambiguous referential statements. Thus, the ability to identify when miscommunication has occurred and subsequently repair messages is an essential component of communicative development. The present study examined the impact of listener feedback and children's executive functioning in influencing children's ability to…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Young Children, Communication Skills, Feedback (Response)
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Leblanc, Élizabel; Bernier, Annie; Howe, Nina – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Sibling relationships are argued to offer a rich social context for the development of young children's theory of mind (ToM). There is evidence that the presence of siblings, particularly older siblings, may promote preschoolers' ToM, but it has not been investigated among toddlers. This study evaluated differences in early manifestations of ToM…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Theory of Mind, Toddlers, Siblings
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Hala, Suzanne; McKay, Lee-Ann; Brown, Alisha M. B.; San Juan, Valerie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Hala, Brown, McKay, and San Juan (2013) found that children as young as 2.5 years of age demonstrated high levels of accuracy when asked to recall whether they or the experimenter had carried out a particular action. In the research reported here, we examined the relation of early-emerging source monitoring to executive function abilities.…
Descriptors: Young Children, Executive Function, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Abuhatoum, Shireen; Howe, Nina; Della Porta, Sandra; Recchia, Holly; Ross, Hildy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
This study examined siblings' knowledge about the teaching concept during naturalistic teaching contexts, wherein children's communicative interactions were used as a gateway to their social understanding (Turnbull, Carpendale, & Racine, 2009). Participants included 39 sibling dyads (older age group, M[subscript age] = 6;4; younger age group,…
Descriptors: Siblings, Children, Knowledge Level, Teaching (Occupation)
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Im-Bolter, Nancie; Johnson, Janice; Ling, Daphne; Pascual-Leone, Juan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The current study tested 2 models of inhibition in 45 children with language impairment and 45 children with normally developing language; children were aged 7 to 12 years. Of interest was whether a model of inhibition as a mental-control process (i.e., executive function) or as a mental resource would more accurately reflect the relations among…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Children, Language Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Peterson, Carole; Fowler, Tania; Brandeau, Katherine M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Four- to 11-year-old children were interviewed about 2 different sorts of memories in the same home visit: recent memories of highly salient and stressful events--namely, injuries serious enough to require hospital emergency room treatment--and their earliest memories. Injury memories were scored for amount of unique information, completeness…
Descriptors: Memory, Recall (Psychology), Young Children, Children
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Garon, Nancy; Longard, Julie; Craig, Bethany; Kent, Kiera – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
The current study investigated the effect of frequency of loss and awareness on the ability to make advantageous decisions in preschoolers using a child variant of the Iowa Gambling Task (Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994). Preschoolers (N = 50) were randomly assigned to either a low loss frequency (0.1) or a high loss frequency…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Games, Performance, Foreign Countries
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Howe, Nina; Della Porta, Sandra; Recchia, Holly; Funamoto, Allyson; Ross, Hildy – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Social-constructivist models of learning highlight that cognitive development is embedded within the context of social relationships characterized by closeness and intimacy (Vygotsky, 1978). Therefore, in contrast to prior research employing semistructured paradigms, naturalistic sibling-directed teaching was examined during ongoing interactions…
Descriptors: Siblings, Young Children, Naturalistic Observation, Instruction
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Watchorn, Rebecca P. D.; Bisanz, Jeffrey; Fast, Lisa; LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Skwarchuk, Sheri-Lynn; Smith-Chant, Brenda L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
The principle of "inversion," that a + b - b "must" equal a, is a fundamental property of arithmetic, but many children fail to apply it in symbolic contexts through 10 years of age. We explore three hypotheses relating to the use of inversion that stem from a model proposed by Siegler and Araya (2005). Hypothesis 1 is that…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Computation, Attention Control
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Hala, Suzanne; Brown, Alisha M. B.; McKay, Lee-Ann; San Juan, Valerie – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
This research examines the early emergence of source-monitoring abilities. Previous research has consistently demonstrated that children as young as 3 to 4 years of age do well on simple versions of action-based source-monitoring tasks. Research on even younger children, however, remains lacking. In this study we examined whether 2 1/2-year-olds…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Memory, Foreign Countries, Measures (Individuals)
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Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Hayes, Ashli H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
A problematic issue for forensic interviewers is that young children provide limited information in response to open-ended recall questions. Although quantity of information is greater if children are asked more focused prompts and closed question types such as yes/no or forced choice questions, the quality of their responses is potentially…
Descriptors: Interviews, Young Children, Stress Variables, Injuries
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Chiarella, Sabrina S.; Kristen, Susanne; Poulin-Dubois, Diane; Sodian, Beate – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Recent studies suggest that there appears to be a similar developmental sequence in the understanding of mental states in both internal-state language and in standard theory-of-mind tasks. These findings suggest possible developmental relations between children's ability to talk and think about the mind. Two experiments investigated the concurrent…
Descriptors: Correlation, Perspective Taking, Vocabulary Development, Cognitive Processes
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