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Ramirez, Gerardo; Fries, Laura; Gunderson, Elizabeth; Schaeffer, Marjorie W.; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Learning to read is a critical but often challenging academic task for young children. In the current study, we explore the relation between children's reading affect--particularly anxiety--and reading achievement in the early years of reading acquisition. We hypothesized that reading anxiety would relate to reading achievement across the school…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Anxiety, Reading Attitudes, Reading Achievement
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Seger, Benedikt T.; Wannagat, Wienke; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In our current culture, children are exposed to a huge amount of audiovisual media, of which many formats include animated pictures, such as in videos, for instance. The current study addresses the use of audiovisual media in order to increase the effectiveness of learning and teaching. We examined how auditory text, audiovisual text with static…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Memory, Animation
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Koerber, Susanne; Osterhaus, Christopher – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Early scientific thinking in kindergarten (6-year-olds) was investigated in a large study involving 227 participants. We investigated (1) whether individual differences across 3 scientific-thinking components (experimentation, data interpretation, and understanding the nature of science) are stable across children, (2) whether children's increased…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Science Process Skills, Thinking Skills, Kindergarten
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McMurray, Bob; Roembke, Tanja C.; Hazeltine, Eliot – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Many details in reading curricula (e.g., the order of materials) have analogs in laboratory studies of learning (e.g., blocking/interleaving). Principles of learning from cognitive science could be used to structure these materials to optimize learning, but they are not commonly applied. Recent work bridges this gap by "field testing"…
Descriptors: Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Instruction, Cognitive Science, Spelling
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Coffman, Jennifer L.; Grammer, Jennie K.; Hudson, Kesha N.; Thomas, Taylor E.; Villwock, Diane; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
As children transition from the early to later grades of elementary school, they become increasingly skilled at employing a variety of techniques -- such as rehearsal and organizational strategies -- for remembering information. Developmental changes in strategy use have been well documented, but little is known about the extent to which these…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Memory, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Loehr, Abbey M.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has demonstrated that providing labels helps children notice key features of examples. Much less is known about how different labels impact children's ability to make inferences about the structure underlying mathematical notation. We tested the impact of labeling decimals such as 0.34 using formal place-value labels ("3 tenths and 4…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
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Roebers, Claudia M.; Spiess, Manuela – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Although metacognition is considered a central aspect of self-regulated learning and is often linked to learning outcomes, little is known about the intraindividual development and factors that lead to developmental improvement over time. This longitudinal study investigated 2nd graders' (N = 119, aged 8-9 years) metacognitive monitoring and…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Cognitive Development, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Tang, Joey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The current study aimed at addressing two issues concerning children's estimation performance: (1) to investigate whether the log-to-linear framework or the proportional judgment framework provided a better explanation of children's estimation patterns, and (2) to examine the consistency of response patterns in different estimation tasks. A sample…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Guidelines, Responses, Arithmetic
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Grammer, Jennie K.; Coffman, Jennifer L.; Sidney, Pooja; Ornstein, Peter A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Although high-quality early educational environments are thought to be related to the growth of children's skills in mathematics, relatively little is known about specific aspects of classroom instruction that may promote these abilities. Data from a longitudinal investigation were used to investigate associations between teachers' language while…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 2
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Peskin, Joan; Comay, Julie; Chen, Xi; Prusky, Carly – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
A critical skill in emergent writing is the developing ability to take the perspective of different readers; however, the precursors of this skill have not yet been identified. In this longitudinal study, 105 children (90 after attrition) were tested at 3 time points: pre-kindergarten (3-4 years old, n = 105), kindergarten (5 years old, n = 97),…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Theory of Mind, Predictor Variables, Grade 1
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Demir-Lira, Özlem Ece; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Summer slide, uneven growth of academic skills during the calendar year, captures the fact that the learning gains children make during the school year do not continue at the same pace over the summer, when children are typically not in school. We compared growth of reading skills during the school year and during the summer months in children…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Skill Development, Neurological Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Löffler, Elisabeth; von der Linden, Nicole; Schneider, Wolfgang – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Two studies were conducted to investigate effects of domain knowledge on metacognitive monitoring across the life span in materials of different complexity. Participants from 4 age groups (3rd-grade children, adolescents, younger and older adults) were compared using an expert-novice paradigm. In Study 1, soccer experts' and novices'…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Age Differences, Grade 3, Children
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Ziv, Margalit; Solomon, Ayelet; Strauss, Sidney; Frye, Douglas – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The relations among children's theory of mind (ToM), their understanding of the intentionality of teaching, and their own peer teaching strategies were tested. Seventy-five 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds completed 11 ToM and understanding-of-teaching tasks. Subsequently, 30 of the children were randomly chosen to teach a peer how to play a board game,…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Young Children, Peer Teaching, Games
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Tunçgenç, Bahar; Hohenberger, Annette; Rakoczy, Hannes – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Two studies investigated young 2- and 3-year-old Turkish children's developing understanding of normativity and freedom to act in games. As expected, children, especially 3-year-olds, protested more when there was a norm violation than when there was none. Surprisingly, however, no decrease in normative protest was observed even when the actor…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Toddlers, Investigations, Games
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