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O'Neil, Lauren Vega; Pakulak, Eric; Stevens, Courtney; Bell, Theodore A.; Fanning, Jessica L.; Gaston, Marci; Gomsrud, Melissa; Hampton Wray, Amanda; Holmes, Kerry B.; Klein, Scott; Longoria, Zayra; Reynolds, Mary Margaret; Snell, Karla; Soto, Annie; Neville, Helen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Translational research involving the development, implementation, and assessment of evidence-based interventions has shown promise in improving outcomes for children from lower socioeconomic-status backgrounds. One such approach involves 2-generation interventions, which target both children and their parents/caregivers. Here we traced the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Partnerships in Education, Early Intervention, College School Cooperation
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Masnick, Amy M.; Klahr, David; Knowles, Erica R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The ability to use numerical evidence to revise beliefs about the physical world is an essential component of scientific reasoning that begins to develop in middle childhood. In 2 studies, we explored how data variability and consistency with participants' initial beliefs about causal factors associated with pendulums affected their ability to…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Children, Adults, Influences
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Severson, Rachel L.; Lemm, Kristi M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The study of anthropomorphism in adults has received considerable interest with the development of the Individual Differences in Anthropomorphism Questionnaire (IDAQ; Waytz, Cacioppo, & Epley, 2010). Anthropomorphism in children--its development, correlates, and consequences--is also of significant interest, yet a comparable measure does not…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires, Comparative Analysis
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Friend, Margaret; Pace, Amy E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
From early in development, segmenting events unfolding in the world in meaningful ways renders input more manageable and facilitates interpretation and prediction. Yet, little is known about how children process action structure in events composed of multiple coarse-grained actions. More importantly, little is known about the time course of action…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adults, Motion, Cognitive Processes
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Frazier, Brandy N.; Gelman, Susan A.; Wellman, Henry M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Research with preschool children has shown that explanations are important to them in that they actively seek explanations in their conversations with adults. But what sorts of explanations do they prefer, and what, if anything, do young children learn from the explanations they receive? Following a preliminary study with adults (N = 67) to…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Epistemology, Concept Formation, Knowledge Level
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Gelman, Susan A.; Frazier, Brandy N.; Noles, Nicholaus S.; Manczak, Erika M.; Stilwell, Sarah M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Adults attach special value to objects that link to notable people or events--authentic objects. We examined children's monetary evaluation of authentic objects, focusing on four kinds: celebrity possessions (e.g., Harry Potter's glasses), original creations (e.g., the very first teddy bear), personal possessions (e.g., your…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Adults, Children, Attachment Behavior
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Eidson, R. Cole; Coley, John D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
We examined young adults' essentialist reasoning about gender categories. Previous developmental results suggest that until age 9 or 10, children show marked essentialist reasoning about gender, but this disappears by early adulthood. In contrast, results from social cognition suggest that essentialist thinking about social categories persists…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Gender Differences, Social Cognition, Task Analysis
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Dick, Anthony Steven – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Two experiments examined processes underlying cognitive inflexibility in set-shifting tasks typically used to assess the development of executive function in children. Adult participants performed a Flexible Item Selection Task (FIST) that requires shifting from categorizing by one dimension (e.g., color) to categorizing by a second orthogonal…
Descriptors: Adults, Undergraduate Students, Cognitive Processes, Classification