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Zax, Alexandra; Williams, Katherine; Patalano, Andrea L.; Slusser, Emily; Cordes, Sara; Barth, Hilary – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Similar estimation biases appear in a wide range of quantitative judgments, across many tasks and domains. Often, these biases (those that occur, for example, when adults or children indicate remembered locations of objects in bounded spaces) are believed to provide evidence of Bayesian or rational cognitive processing, and are explained in terms…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Elementary School Students, Bayesian Statistics, Cognitive Processes
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O'Neil, Lauren Vega; Pakulak, Eric; Stevens, Courtney; Bell, Theodore A.; Fanning, Jessica L.; Gaston, Marci; Gomsrud, Melissa; Hampton Wray, Amanda; Holmes, Kerry B.; Klein, Scott; Longoria, Zayra; Reynolds, Mary Margaret; Snell, Karla; Soto, Annie; Neville, Helen – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
Translational research involving the development, implementation, and assessment of evidence-based interventions has shown promise in improving outcomes for children from lower socioeconomic-status backgrounds. One such approach involves 2-generation interventions, which target both children and their parents/caregivers. Here we traced the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Partnerships in Education, Early Intervention, College School Cooperation
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Masnick, Amy M.; Klahr, David; Knowles, Erica R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
The ability to use numerical evidence to revise beliefs about the physical world is an essential component of scientific reasoning that begins to develop in middle childhood. In 2 studies, we explored how data variability and consistency with participants' initial beliefs about causal factors associated with pendulums affected their ability to…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Children, Adults, Influences
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Severson, Rachel L.; Lemm, Kristi M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The study of anthropomorphism in adults has received considerable interest with the development of the Individual Differences in Anthropomorphism Questionnaire (IDAQ; Waytz, Cacioppo, & Epley, 2010). Anthropomorphism in children--its development, correlates, and consequences--is also of significant interest, yet a comparable measure does not…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires, Comparative Analysis
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Friend, Margaret; Pace, Amy E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
From early in development, segmenting events unfolding in the world in meaningful ways renders input more manageable and facilitates interpretation and prediction. Yet, little is known about how children process action structure in events composed of multiple coarse-grained actions. More importantly, little is known about the time course of action…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Adults, Motion, Cognitive Processes
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Frazier, Brandy N.; Gelman, Susan A.; Wellman, Henry M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Research with preschool children has shown that explanations are important to them in that they actively seek explanations in their conversations with adults. But what sorts of explanations do they prefer, and what, if anything, do young children learn from the explanations they receive? Following a preliminary study with adults (N = 67) to…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Epistemology, Concept Formation, Knowledge Level
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Gelman, Susan A.; Frazier, Brandy N.; Noles, Nicholaus S.; Manczak, Erika M.; Stilwell, Sarah M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2015
Adults attach special value to objects that link to notable people or events--authentic objects. We examined children's monetary evaluation of authentic objects, focusing on four kinds: celebrity possessions (e.g., Harry Potter's glasses), original creations (e.g., the very first teddy bear), personal possessions (e.g., your…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Adults, Children, Attachment Behavior
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Eidson, R. Cole; Coley, John D. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
We examined young adults' essentialist reasoning about gender categories. Previous developmental results suggest that until age 9 or 10, children show marked essentialist reasoning about gender, but this disappears by early adulthood. In contrast, results from social cognition suggest that essentialist thinking about social categories persists…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Gender Differences, Social Cognition, Task Analysis
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Callanan, Maureen A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Increasingly, cognitive developmental researchers are forming partnerships with museums as a way to achieve both overlapping and distinctive goals. Such partnerships can further our understanding of cognitive development by providing opportunities to study children's learning within social contexts. At the same time, these collaborations can…
Descriptors: Informal Education, Museums, Researchers, Cognitive Development
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Dick, Anthony Steven – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Two experiments examined processes underlying cognitive inflexibility in set-shifting tasks typically used to assess the development of executive function in children. Adult participants performed a Flexible Item Selection Task (FIST) that requires shifting from categorizing by one dimension (e.g., color) to categorizing by a second orthogonal…
Descriptors: Adults, Undergraduate Students, Cognitive Processes, Classification
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Smith, Eric D.; Lillard, Angeline S. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2012
Piaget (1962) asserted that children stop engaging in pretend play when they enter the concrete operational stage because they become able to accommodate reality and no longer need to assimilate it to their wishes. Consistent also with the views of Vygotsky, discussion of pretend play in developmental psychology is typically confined to early…
Descriptors: Children, Play, Developmental Psychology, Investigations
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Quon, Elizabeth; Atance, Cristina M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
This study examined the development of the episodic and semantic memory systems, with an emphasis on the emergence of the two aspects of the former: episodic memory (the ability to re-experience a past event) and episodic future thinking (the ability to pre-experience a future event). Three-, 4-, and 5-year olds were randomly assigned to one of…
Descriptors: Semantics, Age Differences, Memory, Semiotics
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McNeil, Nicole M.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany; Hattikudur, Shanta; Petersen, Lori A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
This study examined if solving arithmetic problems hinders undergraduates' accuracy on algebra problems. The hypothesis was that solving arithmetic problems would hinder accuracy because it activates an operational view of equations, even in educated adults who have years of experience with algebra. In three experiments, undergraduates (N = 184)…
Descriptors: Equations (Mathematics), Arithmetic, Algebra, Problem Solving
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Habermas, Tilmann – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2007
Extending research on age norms in adults, the development of the knowledge of two components of the cultural concept of biography, biographical salience of and age norms for life events was studied from late childhood to early adulthood in Study 1 and across adulthood in Study 2. The largest increase in knowledge was found between ages 8 and 12,…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Personal Narratives, Late Adolescents, Young Adults
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Kail, Robert V.; Miller, Carol A. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2006
As children develop, they process information more rapidly. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether processing speed in the language domain develops at the same rate as global processing speed. A second aim was to determine the stability of processing speed throughout childhood and adolescence. Children (N = 116) were tested on 10…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Cognitive Processes, Language Processing
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