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Seger, Benedikt T.; Wannagat, Wienke; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In our current culture, children are exposed to a huge amount of audiovisual media, of which many formats include animated pictures, such as in videos, for instance. The current study addresses the use of audiovisual media in order to increase the effectiveness of learning and teaching. We examined how auditory text, audiovisual text with static…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Memory, Animation
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Mock, Julia; Huber, Stefan; Cress, Ulrike; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph; Moeller, Korbinian – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The metaphor of the mental number line accounts for numerous empirical effects of spatial-numerical associations. In the present study, we aimed at investigating directional spatial-numerical associations reflected by SNARC-like digit-direction and sign-direction congruency effects as well as the sign-digit compatibility effect when 6th graders…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 6, Knowledge Level
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Lombardi, Caitlin McPherran; Casey, Beth M.; Pezaris, Elizabeth; Shadmehr, Maryam; Jong, Margeau – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
The development of math reasoning and 3-d mental rotation skills are intertwined. However, it is currently not understood how these cognitive processes develop and interact longitudinally at the within-person level -- either within or across genders. In this study, 553 students (52% girls) were assessed from fifth to seventh grades on 3-d mental…
Descriptors: Mathematical Logic, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Tine, Michele – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
This study was designed to investigate if the working memory profiles of children living in rural poverty are distinct from the working memory profiles of children living in urban poverty. Verbal and visuospatial working memory tasks were administered to sixth-grade students living in low-income rural, low-income urban, high-income rural, and…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Urban Areas, Poverty, Comparative Analysis
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Iordanou, Kalypso – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2013
Arguing on the computer was used as a method to promote development of face-to-face argumentation skills in middle schoolers. In the study presented, sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic and in some reflective activities based on transcriptions of the dialogues. Although participants initially exhibited…
Descriptors: Computer Mediated Communication, Persuasive Discourse, Grade 6, Controversial Issues (Course Content)
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Iordanou, Kalypso – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
Instant-messaging software was used as a method to promote development of argumentation skills in middle schoolers. Transfer of skills across content domains was the major question investigated. Forty sixth graders engaged in electronic dialogues with peers on a controversial topic--for half a science topic (dinosaur extinction) and for half a…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Home Schooling, Grade 6, Computer Mediated Communication
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Lorsbach, Thomas C.; Reimer, Jason F. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2010
The present study examined whether younger and older children differ in the use of the goal-related information in a continuous performance task (AX-CPT), and if so, whether those age differences are due to the ability to represent and/or maintain goal information. Experiment 1 compared third- and sixth-grade children in their ability to transform…
Descriptors: Cues, Age Differences, Short Term Memory, Grade 6