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Seger, Benedikt T.; Wannagat, Wienke; Nieding, Gerhild – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2019
In our current culture, children are exposed to a huge amount of audiovisual media, of which many formats include animated pictures, such as in videos, for instance. The current study addresses the use of audiovisual media in order to increase the effectiveness of learning and teaching. We examined how auditory text, audiovisual text with static…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Memory, Animation
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Loehr, Abbey M.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2017
Research has demonstrated that providing labels helps children notice key features of examples. Much less is known about how different labels impact children's ability to make inferences about the structure underlying mathematical notation. We tested the impact of labeling decimals such as 0.34 using formal place-value labels ("3 tenths and 4…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Arithmetic, Problem Solving, Elementary School Students
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Brez, Caitlin C.; Miller, Angela D.; Ramirez, Erin M. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
Numerical estimation has been used to study how children mentally represent numbers for many years (e.g., Siegler & Opfer, 2003). However, these studies have always presented children with positive numbers and positive number lines. Children's mental representation of negative numbers has never been addressed. The present study tested children…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Numeracy, Numbers, Grade 2
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Watchorn, Rebecca P. D.; Bisanz, Jeffrey; Fast, Lisa; LeFevre, Jo-Anne; Skwarchuk, Sheri-Lynn; Smith-Chant, Brenda L. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2014
The principle of "inversion," that a + b - b "must" equal a, is a fundamental property of arithmetic, but many children fail to apply it in symbolic contexts through 10 years of age. We explore three hypotheses relating to the use of inversion that stem from a model proposed by Siegler and Araya (2005). Hypothesis 1 is that…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Skill Development, Computation, Attention Control
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Prather, Richard; Alibali, Martha W. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
The current study investigated how young learners' experiences with arithmetic equations can lead to learning of an arithmetic principle. The focus was elementary school children's acquisition of the Relation to Operands principle for subtraction (i.e., for natural numbers, the difference must be less than the minuend). In Experiment 1, children…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Equations (Mathematics), Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction
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Nilsen, Elizabeth S.; Glenwright, Melanie; Huyder, Vanessa – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2011
Incongruity between a positive statement and a negative context is a cue to verbal irony. Two studies examined whether school-age children and adults recognized that listeners require knowledge of context to detect irony. Specifically, the studies investigated whether participants could inhibit their own context knowledge to appropriately gauge…
Descriptors: Figurative Language, Cues, Verbal Communication, Theory of Mind
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Cook, Susan Wagner; Goldin-Meadow, Susan – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2006
Adding gesture to spoken instructions makes those instructions more effective. The question we ask here is why. A group of 49 third and fourth grade children were given instruction in mathematical equivalence with gesture or without it. Children given instruction that included a correct problem-solving strategy in gesture were significantly more…
Descriptors: Children, Nonverbal Communication, Grade 3, Grade 4
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DeMarie, Darlene; Miller, Patricia H.; Ferron, John; Cunningham, Walter R. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2004
Path analysis was used to test theoretical models of relations among variables known to predict differences in children's memory--strategies, capacity, and metamemory. Children in kindergarten to fourth grade (chronological ages 5 to 11) performed different memory tasks. Several strategies (i.e., sorting, clustering, rehearsal, and self-testing)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Children, Path Analysis, Models