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Stranges, Anthony N. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1984
Traces the history of the electron theory of the chemical bond. Nineteenth-century ideas on electrical combination, early twentieth-century theories of electrical attraction, and the contribution of G. N. Lewis's shared electron pair are among the topics considered. (JN)
Descriptors: Chemical Bonding, Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education
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Jensen, William B. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1984
Discusses major events leading to the development of the octet rule. Three conclusions based on the work of Mendeleev, Abegg, Thompson, Kossel, Lewis, and Langmuir are considered as is the debate over the rule's validity. (JN)
Descriptors: Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding, Chemistry, College Science
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Kapuscinski, B. P. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1981
Reviews the purposes of laboratory instruction as they were perceived in the literature from 1865 to the present. The paper is divided into three sections based upon the main influences on chemistry instruction: the university community, economic conditions, and technological development. Future trends in science education are also discussed. (CS)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education, Science Education
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Sell, Duane, Ed.; And Others – Journal of Chemical Education, 1981
Presents one high school teacher's recollections and views of changing emphasis in high school chemistry classrooms from the late 1940s to the late 1970s. (CS)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Class Activities, Science Education, Science Education History
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Saltzman, Martin D. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1980
Summarizes the ideas of Sir Robert Robinson and Sir C. K. Ingold that contributed to the controversy in developing the electronic theory of organic reactions. (CS)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education, Models
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Orna, Mary Virginia – Journal of Chemical Education, 1980
Reviews historical and ongoing links between the chemical industry and art. Covers additional topics concerning the three components of color production and the molecular basis of light modification by colored compounds. (CS)
Descriptors: Art, Art Materials, Chemistry, College Science
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Lippincott, W. T. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1980
The origins of academic chemistry are described and the author's views on the future of university academic chemistry are presented. (HM)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, Chemistry, College Science, Conferences
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Stock, John T. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1995
Traces the history of the observation of the production of electric sparks and the early history of battery design. Detail is provided about laboratory experiments performed by Robert Bunsen, who spent a great deal of time developing an efficient and comparatively cheap battery. (36 references) (DDR)
Descriptors: Chemistry, Electric Batteries, Electricity, Higher Education
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Karpenko, Vladimir – Journal of Chemical Education, 1995
Examines the history of alchemical attempts at transmutation and classifies them by differing approaches and techniques. Traces the development of alchemy in Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, and compares alchemy with craftsmanship. (18 references) (DDR)
Descriptors: Chemical Analysis, Chemical Reactions, Chemistry, Higher Education
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Spector, Tami I. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1995
Provides highlights of women's contributions and discoveries in chemistry. Includes a chart that summarizes the awards and contributions to chemistry of 18 female scientists. (19 references) (DDR)
Descriptors: Biographies, Chemistry, Science History, Science Instruction
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Karger, Barry L. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1997
Provides a perspective on what it was like in the early days of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and several of the key developments. Focuses on the advances in HPLC generally, and more specifically for the biological sciences, that were necessary for the method to reach the preeminent stage of today. Contains 20 references. (JRH)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Chromatography, Higher Education
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Pauling, Linus – Journal of Chemical Education, 1984
Discusses the contributions of G. N. Lewis to chemistry, focusing on his formulation of the basic principle of the chemical bond--the idea that the chemical bond consists of a pair of electrons held jointly by two atoms. (JN)
Descriptors: Chemical Bonding, Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education
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Kasha, Michael – Journal of Chemical Education, 1984
Examines background of ideas against which Lewis's last researches were done, reflecting on his conduct of scientific research. Also analyzes Lewis's unique habit of writing research previews and indicates, through his research memoranda to the author, his intensity of research interest and activity during the last years of his life. (JN)
Descriptors: Chemical Bonding, Chemistry, College Science, Higher Education
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Wolke, Robert L. – Journal of Chemical Education, 1988
Traces the life and research techniques of Marie Curie's doctoral dissertation leading to the discovery and purification of radium from ore. Reexamines the discoveries of other scientists that helped lead to this separation. (ML)
Descriptors: Chemistry, College Science, Doctoral Dissertations, Graduate Study
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Riethmiller, Steven – Journal of Chemical Education, 1995
Describes the invention and use of a sulfuric acid chamber by Charles Henry Winston during the Civil War. This invention helped supply munitions for the South. Winston, who was President of the Richmond Female Institute in Virginia, constructed the chamber at his farm and was granted a patent by the Confederate Patent Office in 1863. (PVD)
Descriptors: Acids, Biographies, Chemical Reactions, Chemistry
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