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Grotzer, Tina A.; Basca, Belinda Bell – Journal of Biological Education, 2003
Students have difficulty understanding ecosystem concepts. This article argues that the difficulty stems partly from not grasping the underlying causality that structures the concepts. We report on an intervention study designed to teach eight- and nine-year-olds to reason about domino, cyclic, and mutual causality by infusing causally focused…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Ecology, Grade 3, Intervention