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Gurbuz, Emine; Hanley, Mary; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The number of university students with autism is increasing, and it is crucial that these students can access adequate support. An online questionnaire was completed by 26 autistic students and 158 non-autistic students enrolled at UK universities to investigate social and academic experiences. Autistic students self-reported significant…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Social Experience, Student Experience
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Burns, Amy; Irvine, Mandy; Woodcock, Kate – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms and in the general population self-focused attention has been associated with depression. Here, we aimed to examine the relationships between aspects of self-focused attention and symptoms of depression in individuals with a diagnosis of ASD.…
Descriptors: Attention, Depression (Psychology), Adults, Autism
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Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lodi-Smith, Jennifer; Donnelly, James P.; Lopata, Christopher; McDonald, Christin A.; Thomeer, Marcus L.; Lipinski, Alanna M.; Nasca, Brian C.; Booth, Adam J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Prior studies of sex-based differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded mixed findings. This study examined ASD symptom severity and functional correlates in a sample of 34 high-functioning females with ASD (HFASD; M age = 8.93; M IQ = 104.64) compared to 34 matched males (M age = 8.96; M IQ = 104.44) using the Social Responsiveness…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Lambert, Joseph M.; Parikh, Naomi; Stankiewicz, Kristen C.; Houchins-Juarez, Nealetta J.; Morales, Vivian A.; Sweeney, Erin M.; Milam, Molly E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Challenging behaviors involving food are common for individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and often lead to obesity and other chronic health conditions. Efforts to decrease these behaviors, such as isolation during meals and strict monitoring of food consumption, can be stigmatizing. To decrease the food stealing of a 7 year-old girl with…
Descriptors: Food, Behavior Problems, Genetic Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Rogers, S. J.; Estes, A.; Vismara, L.; Munson, J.; Zierhut, C.; Greenson, J.; Dawson, G.; Rocha, M.; Sugar, C.; Senturk, D.; Whelan, F.; Talbott, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Short-term low intensity parent implemented intervention studies for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have found it difficult to demonstrate significantly improved developmental scores or autism severity compared to community treatment. We conducted a randomized comparative intent-to-treat study of a parent implemented intervention to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, Coaching (Performance)
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Knüppel, Ane; Telléus, Gry Kjaersdam; Jakobsen, Helle; Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Daytime activity, in terms of engagement in an occupation or education, is highly important for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), regardless of their level of functioning. In this nationwide survey, the parents of young adults diagnosed with ASD in childhood (n = 1266) provided information about the current daytime activity of their…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Ghaderi, Golnaz; Watson, Shelley L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigated the knowledge and perceived competence of Ontario physicians regarding the diagnosis and treatment of ASDs. Previous research demonstrates that many physicians would like more education regarding diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Twenty-seven Ontario physicians filled out a questionnaire and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physicians, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Ghanouni, Parisa; Jarus, Tal; Zwicker, Jill G.; Lucyshyn, Joseph; Mow, Kristin; Ledingham, Alyssa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects socio-emotional skills and perspective-taking abilities. Although social stories in a form of virtual reality program can help children with ASD, developing them and identifying appropriate responses might be subjective and thus challenging. Using Delphi method, and…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence
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Parsons, Dave; Cordier, Reinie; Lee, Hoe; Falkmer, Torbjorn; Vaz, Sharmila – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This exploratory randomised controlled trial tested the effectiveness of a tablet-based information communication technology early intervention application to augment existing therapy with the aim of improving visual motor, imitation, language and social skills in young children with ASD who reside in regional areas. Fifty-nine participants were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Computer Use, Early Intervention, Autism
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Du, Rennan Yanlin; Yiu, Cynthia K. Y.; King, Nigel M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study compared oral health behaviours and barriers to dental care among preschool children with and without ASD, and evaluated dental knowledge and attitudes of their parents. 257 preschoolers with ASD and an age- and gender-matched control sample were recruited. Children with ASD had less frequently performed tooth-brushing and used…
Descriptors: Dental Health, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Health Behavior
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Vargason, Troy; McGuinness, Deborah L.; Hahn, Juergen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A retrospective analysis of administrative claims data from a large U.S. health insurer was performed to study a potential association between oral antibiotic use during early childhood and occurrence of later gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Among 3253 children with ASD, 37.0% had a GI-related…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Children, Autism
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Rutz, Audrey; Dent, Karin M.; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Young, Paul C.; Carbone, Paul S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite current guidelines, few children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) receive genetic evaluations. We surveyed Utah pediatricians to characterize the knowledge, beliefs, current practices and perceived barriers of pediatricians regarding genetic evaluation of children with ASD. We found over half lacked knowledge of current guidelines and…
Descriptors: Pediatrics, Physicians, Children, Autism
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Edey, Rosanna; Brewer, Rebecca; Bird, Geoffrey; Press, Clare – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The perception of subsecond durations in adults with autism spectrum disorder (hereafter 'autism'; n = 25 Experiment 1, n = 21 Experiment 2) and matched typical adults (n = 24 Experiment 1, n = 22 Experiment 2) was examined by requiring participants to perform an action in time with auditory (Experiment 1) or visual (Experiment 2) events.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Perceptual Motor Coordination
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Dieleman, Lisa M.; Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten; Prinzie, Peter; Laporte, Nele; De Pauw, Sarah S. W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to gain more insight in the sources of daily parenting among mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Specifically, we examined associations between daily variations in child behavior, mothers' psychological needs, and mothers' controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting. Moreover, the study examined the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Rearing, Mothers
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Fitch, Allison; Valadez, Annalisa; Ganea, Patricia A.; Carter, Alice S.; Kaldy, Zsuzsa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined if two-year-olds with ASD can update mental representations on the basis of verbal input. In an eye-tracking study, toddlers with ASD and typically-developing nonverbal age-matched controls were exposed to visual or verbal information about a change in a recently encoded scene, followed by an outcome that was either congruent…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Verbal Ability
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