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Booth, Adam J.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Volker, Martin A.; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined psychometric characteristics of the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy--Second Edition (DANVA-2) in 121 children, ages 6 to 13 years, with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Internal consistency for adult and child faces subtests were 0.70 and 0.75, respectively. Immediate test-retest reliability in the…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Clinical Diagnosis, Nonverbal Communication, Children
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Zeleke, Waganesh A.; Hughes, Tammy L.; Drozda, Natalie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using data from the 2011 Survey of Pathway to Diagnosis and Services national data set (n = 1715). When comparing white and minority families, results indicate there were no differences between the child's treatment needs based on the number and type of ASD symptoms or insurance…
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Johnston, Kate; Murray, Kim; Spain, Debbie; Walker, Ian; Russell, Ailsa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Studies of executive function (EF) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported mixed findings. Possible confounds include EF domain assessed and co-occurring neurodevelopmental diagnoses. EF task performance across multiple domains and everyday function of autistic adults (n = 110) was significantly different to age- and IQ-matched controls (n…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Schemata (Cognition), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Neal, Glen E.; Effgen, Susan K.; Arnold, Sandra; Baldwin, Jonathan; Jeffries, Lynn M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Students with Down syndrome (DS) receive school-based physical therapy (SBPT), however little data exists regarding services and outcomes. Using a prospective observational cohort study our aim was to explore SBPT activities and interventions, and students' goal achievement of 46 students with DS, tracked by 17 physical therapists (PTs). PTs…
Descriptors: Down Syndrome, Physical Therapy, Outcomes of Treatment, School Health Services
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Van Herwegen, Jo; Ranzato, Erica; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Simms, Victoria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been reported that approximate number sense (ANS) task performance is impaired in individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) and Down syndrome (DS). Research with infants has suggested this impairment is caused by sticky fixation in WS and sustained attention deficits for those with DS. This study examined looking patterns of older children…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Down Syndrome, Congenital Impairments, Genetic Disorders
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Lee, Gabrielle T.; Xu, Sheng; Guo, Shufang; Gilic, Lina; Pu, Yunhuan; Xu, Jiacheng – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Symbolic play skills are important in language acquisition and child development. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have difficulties demonstrating such play behaviors. Imaginary objects symbolic play refers to play behavior in which children perform play actions without actual objects. Three boys with ASD (3-7 years) participated…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Imagination, Play, Symbolic Learning
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Wang, Geng-fu; Li, Wen-Lei; Han, Yu; Gao, Lei; Dai, Wei; Su, Yuan-yuan; Zhang, Xin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the relationship between sensory processing problems and sleep disturbances, emotional and behavioral problems and mealtime behavioral problems in Chinese children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This study examined those relationships in Chinese preschool children with ASD using a case-control design. Atypical sensory…
Descriptors: Sleep, Sensory Experience, Perceptual Impairments, Emotional Problems
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Camodeca, Amy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Investigated between-group differences in cognitive/affective theory of mind (ToM) and predictors of cognitive ToM both within broad autism phenotype/non (BAP/Non-BAP) groups as well as across the sample. The BAP group (n = 45) performed worse than the Non-BAP group (n = 102) on the unexpected outcomes test (UOT), but groups were similar regarding…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Recognition (Psychology), Theory of Mind, Autism
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Lundin, Andreas; Kosidou, Kyriaki; Dalman, Christina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Background: The autism-spectrum quotient scale was developed to study autism as a spectrum. Few studies have examined the psychometric properties of the 10 item AQ (AQ-10). We examine the AQ-10 measurement ability and convergent validity in a population health survey (n = 44,722). Methods: The item severity and item discrimination was assessed…
Descriptors: Autism, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measures (Individuals)
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Hatta, Kyoko; Hosozawa, Mariko; Tanaka, Kyoko; Shimizu, Toshiaki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Subclinical traits of autism were measured in children with somatic symptom disorder (SSD, n = 28) and compared with age-matched controls (n = 26) using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) children's version. The KINDL[superscript R] quality of life questionnaire was used to assess functional disability. Although there was no significant group…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disabilities, Children
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Tillmann, Julian; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To test a central assumption of the increased perceptual capacity account in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the effects of perceptual load and target-stimulus degradation on auditory detection sensitivity were contrasted. Fourteen adolescents with ASD and 16 neurotypical controls performed a visual letter search task under three…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Difficulty Level, Auditory Perception, Autism
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Lindor, Ebony; Rinehart, Nicole; Fielding, Joanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although most researchers agree that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit atypical attention, there is little consensus on the exact nature of their deficits. We explored whether attentional control in ASD varies as a function of motor proficiency. Nineteen children with ASD and 26 typically-developing controls completed the…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychomotor Skills
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Medda, Juliane E.; Cholemkery, Hannah; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of the present study was to establish diagnostic validity of the new algorithm of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale, the ADOS-2, to differentiate between ASD and other clinically relevant psychiatric and developmental disorders in a large German sample. Validity of ADOS and ADOS-2 diagnostic algorithms was established in 826…
Descriptors: Autism, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Syriopoulou-Delli, Christine K.; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula A.; Kolaitis, Gerasimos A.; Antoniou, Alexandros-Stamatios G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit comorbidity with anxiety. The aim of this study was the investigation of the perception of teachers on anxiety in school children with ASD. The Scale Teacher Response (SAS-TR) questionnaire was completed by 291 special education and 118 general education teachers, providing data on students in…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Prendeville, P.; Kinsella, W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A family systems approach is required to identify the needs of families of children with autism. This paper explores how grandparents support children with autism and their parents using a family systems perspective. A thematic analysis of eighteen semi-structured interviews was conducted with participants from nine families, capturing experiences…
Descriptors: Grandparents, Parent Role, Parent Attitudes, Behavior Problems
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