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Zhao, Xudong; Li, Xiujun; Song, Youming; Shi, Wendian – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although the core characteristics associated with autistic traits are impaired social interactions, there are few studies examining how autistic traits translate into prosocial behaviour in daily life. The current study explored the effect of autistic traits on prosocial behaviour and the mediating role of multimodal empathy (trait empathy and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Prosocial Behavior, Empathy
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Pham, Tammy; Kuznetsova, Anna; Gim, Haelynn; Cordrey, Kyla; Milanaik, Ruth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study assessed how web-based information affects parental trust in physician's diagnosis of autism (PDA) and likelihood of seeking a second opinion. Participants of an online survey were randomly allocated to one of three hypothetical scenarios, all were given a vignette of a non-verbal 18-month-old child followed by (1) not viewing Internet…
Descriptors: Internet, Clinical Diagnosis, Access to Information, Parents
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Malloy, Caitlin; Cuda, Josephine; Kim, So Yoon; MacEvoy, Julie Paquette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We assessed 3rd-5th grade children's endorsement of 12 friendship expectations, in two mental age-matched (M = 10.15 years) groups; one with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 20) and one with typical development (TD; n = 21). Groups rated friendship expectations similarly for all but one expectation, expressing care, which received significantly…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Friendship
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Rollins, Pamela Rosenthal; John, Sereena; Jones, Alexandria; De Froy, Adrienne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined the relationship between initial parenting stress and change in parental responsivity for 56 culturally and socioeconomically diverse families in a 12 week randomized control trial of Pathways Early ASD Intervention. Families were randomized into the Pathways (n = 32) or treatment-as-usual (TAU n = 24) group. Overall, Pathways parents…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Rearing, Parents
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Hu, Huei-Fan; Liu, Tai-Ling; Hsiao, Ray C.; Ni, Hsing-Chang; Liang, Sophie Hsin-Yi; Lin, Chiao-Fan; Chan, Hsiang-Lin; Hsieh, Yi-Hsuan; Wang, Liang-Jen; Lee, Min-Jing; Chou, Wen-Jiun; Yen, Cheng-Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The present study examined the associations between cyberbullying involvement and sociodemographic characteristics, autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in 219 adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, the associations between…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Spratt, Eve; Norton, Jessa; Papa, Carrie; Newton, Janis; McDonald, Conner; Mercer, Mary Ashley; Serpe, Ali; Blackmon, Lee; Felty, Katrina; Carpenter, Laura – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Piece it Together (PIT) is a comprehensive wellness program designed for transitional age youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder and mild neurodevelopmental disabilities that focuses on exercise, nutrition, socialization, and stress-reduction. The PIT Summer Program is a 6-week program, consisting of 90-min classes, twice a week. Each class…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Wellness, Exercise
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Harmsen, Irene E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Empathy is an essential component of human social life. It requires the ability to understand another's mental state and respond with an appropriate emotion or action. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been described to exhibit atypical empathic responses which limit communication and social interactions. This review highlights…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Hu, Xiaoyi; Han, Zhuo Rachel; Bai, Liu; Gao, Mengyu M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known regarding the dynamic interactions between fathers and mothers in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during the parenting process. This study used an actor-partner interdependence mediation (APIMeM) model to investigate the intrapersonal and interpersonal effects of emotion dysregulation and parenting stress…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Rearing, Stress Variables
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Baker, Jason K.; Fenning, Rachel M.; Moffitt, Jacquelyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Cross-sectional data from Fenning et al. (J Autism Dev Disord, 48:3858-3870, 2018) were used to examine age differences in processes related to the development of emotion regulation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Forty-six children with ASD between the ages of 4 and 11 years and their primary caregivers participated in structured…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Micai, Martina; Vulchanova, Mila; Saldaña, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Reading monitoring is poorly explored, but it may have an impact on well-documented reading comprehension difficulties in autism. This study explores reading monitoring through the impact of instructions and different error types on reading behavior. Individuals with autism and matched controls read correct sentences and sentences containing…
Descriptors: Autism, Reading Comprehension, Behavior Change, Error Patterns
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Alkhaldi, Rabi Samil; Sheppard, Elizabeth; Mitchell, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The link between autistic people having a mind that is difficult to read (by neurotypical participants) and being perceived unfavorably was investigated. Videoed Autistic and neurotypical targets from Sheppard et al. (PLOS ONE 7(11):e49859, 2016) were scored for how readable they were when reacting to a distinctive greeting from the experimenter.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Cognition, Theory of Mind
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Parsons, Dave; Wilson, Nathan J.; Vaz, Sharmila; Lee, Hoe; Cordier, Reinie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to explore the appropriateness of an ICT intervention, the Therapeutic Outcomes by You application (TOBY app), from the perspectives of the parents. Parental experiences of twenty-four parents of a child with ASD who had participated in a three-month trial using the TOBY app were collected using semi-structured interviews.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Parent Attitudes, Children, Autism
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Tse, Venus W. S.; Crabtree, Jason; Islam, Shamsun; Stott, Joshua – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to compare cognitive and memory abilities between older adults with and without autism over the age of 50. Twenty-eight individuals with autism and 29 typically developing (TD) older adults took part in the current study. Participants' cognitive and memory abilities were assessed by WAIS-IV and WMS-IV. Older autistic adults were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Memory, Older Adults, Autism
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Zanobini, Mirella; Solari, Silvano – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study aims to analyze the effectiveness of a swimming program on interpersonal skills, autistic mannerisms, and aquatic abilities in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Research on aquatic therapy showed improvements in motor skills, whereas there is little evidence of effectiveness of this approach on social impairments of ASD.…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Program Effectiveness, Children, Autism
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Sullivan, Matthew O.; Gallagher, Louise; Heron, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Aggressive behaviour is a significant issue for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet our understanding is limited compared to aggression in typically developing populations. This study examined behavioural, adaptive and cognitive data provided by the Simons Simplex Collection (N = 2184) to identify behavioural subgroups in children…
Descriptors: Aggression, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Statistical Analysis
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