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Vasilevska Petrovska, Ivana; Trajkovski, Vladimir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This randomized controlled study evaluated a computer-based intervention on emotion understanding in 32 children with autism spectrum conditions with and without intellectual disability (ID) aged 7-15 years. The intervention group (n = 16) used the program for 12 h while the control group (n = 16) was not included in any intervention or training…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Intervention, Emotional Response, Children
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Carpenter, Katie L.; Williams, David M.; Nicholson, Toby – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17-30,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Payne, Katy-Louise; Russell, Ailsa; Mills, Richard; Maras, Katie; Rai, Dheeraj; Brosnan, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
International law enforcement agencies have reported an apparent preponderance of autistic individuals amongst perpetrators of cyber-dependent crimes, such as hacking or spreading malware (Ledingham and Mills in Adv Autism 1:1-10, 2015). However, no empirical evidence exists to support such a relationship. This is the first study to empirically…
Descriptors: Crime, Criminals, Autism, Information Technology
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Bohadana, Gal; Morrissey, Shirley; Paynter, Jessica – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The double ABCX model of adaptation has been used to predict parental outcomes in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with predictors including child characteristics, pile up of demands, external resources, coping, parental perceptions, and internal resources. This study investigated whether self-compassion is a unique…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents, Children
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Brayette, Maëva; Saliba, Elie; Malvy, Joëlle; Blanc, Romuald; Ponson, Laura; Tripi, Gabriele; Roux, Sylvie; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Extreme prematurity is known as a risk factor for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the association between prematurity and ASD, for children born moderately and late preterm (MLPT) and those born early term (ET), is less established. This retrospective study aimed to characterize the phenotypic characteristics (i.e. behavioral profile and…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, At Risk Persons, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Keehn, Brandon; Kadlaskar, Girija; McNally Keehn, Rebecca; Francis, Alexander L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite early differences in orienting to sounds, no study to date has investigated whether children with ASD demonstrate impairments in attentional disengagement in the auditory modality. Twenty-one 9-15-year-old children with ASD and 20 age- and IQ-matched TD children were presented with an auditory gap-overlap paradigm. Evidence of impaired…
Descriptors: Children, Early Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Parsons, Lauren; Cordier, Reinie; Munro, Natalie; Joosten, Annette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study explored characteristics of children with autism with large intervention effects following a peer-mediated pragmatic language intervention, to devise algorithms for predicting children most likely to benefit. Children attended a 10-week intervention with a typically-developing peer. Data from a pilot study and RCT formed the dataset for…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Craig, Francesco; De Giacomo, Andrea; Savino, Rosa; Ruggiero, Marta; Russo, Luigi; Fanizza, Isabella; Margari, Lucia; Trabacca, Antonio – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether empathizing and systemizing are part of the parental broad autism phenotype (BAP). Parents (N = 76) of preschool children with a diagnosis of ASD and parents (N = 48) of typically developing (TD) children completed the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and Systemizing Quotient-Revised (SQ-R) questionnaires. The…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Empathy, Parenting Skills
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Schuwerk, Tobias; Kaltefleiter, Larissa J.; Au, Jiew-Quay; Hoesl, Axel; Stachl, Clemens – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Theories derived from lab-based research emphasize the importance of mentalizing for social interaction and propose a link between mentalizing, autistic traits, and social behavior. We tested these assumptions in everyday life. Via smartphone-based experience sampling and logging of smartphone usage behavior we quantified mentalizing and social…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Relationship, Social Behavior
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Jensen, Alexander C.; Orsmond, Gael I. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Siblings often oversee the well-being of an adult with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study contributes to the literature by examining correlates of support provided to siblings in young adulthood in the context of the broader autism phenotype (BAP). Young adults (n = 866; M[subscript age] = 25.43, SD = 2.54; 55% female) reported on…
Descriptors: Siblings, Well Being, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Shah, Punit; Livingston, Lucy A.; Callan, Mitchell J.; Player, Lois – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been proposed that atypical empathy in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is due to co-occurring alexithymia. However, difficulties measuring empathy and statistical issues in previous research raise questions about the role of alexithymia in empathic processing in ASD. Addressing these issues, we compared the associations of trait alexithymia…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Personality Traits
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Tang, Julia S. Y.; Chen, Nigel T. M.; Falkmer, Marita; B?lte, Sven; Girdler, Sonya – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Understanding the underlying visual scanning patterns of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) during the processing of complex emotional scenes remains limited. This study compared the complex emotion recognition performance of adults with ASD (n = 23) and matched neurotypical participants (n = 25) using the Reading the Mind in Films…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements
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Holopainen, Annaleena; de Veld, Daniëlle M. J.; Hoddenbach, Elske; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Youth with ASD often show limited or atypical empathic responsiveness. The direct effects of social skills interventions on enhancing empathic responsiveness is unknown. Data from a randomized controlled trial were used to investigate whether a Theory of Mind training improves the empathic responsiveness, measured through structured observations.…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Friedman, Laura; Sterling, Audra; DaWalt, Leann Smith; Mailick, Marsha R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder, impacting social communication and in some individuals, aspects of language such as vocabulary diversity. However, we have only a limited understanding of the verbal language abilities of adults with ASD. The present longitudinal study examined conversational language and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Friendship
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