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Sheldrick, R. Christopher; Frenette, Elizabeth; Vera, Juan Diego; Mackie, Thomas I.; Martinez-Pedraza, Frances; Hoch, Noah; Eisenhower, Abbey; Fettig, Angel; Carter, Alice S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
U.S. guidelines for detecting autism emphasize screening and also incorporate clinical judgment. However, most research focuses on the former. Among 1,654 children participating in a multi-stage screening protocol for autism, we used mixed methods to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of a clinical decision rule that encouraged further assessment…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Screening Tests
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Stern, Stephanie C.; Barnes, Jennifer L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals' knowledge and attitudes about autism spectrum disorder (ASD) work together to shape the stigma held about ASD. One way that this information is communicated to the public is through popular media; however, little is known about the effectiveness of fictional depictions of ASD in educating and shaping attitudes about ASD. The purpose…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Television Viewing, Mass Media Effects
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Morris, Rae; Greenblatt, Andrea; Saini, Michael – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Gaps in research knowledge exist regarding patient-provider interactions with individuals with autism in healthcare settings. To address this, a scoping review was conducted focusing on the experiences of healthcare professionals working with individuals with autism. A systematic search and screen of the literature resulted in 27 relevant studies.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physician Patient Relationship, Health Personnel
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Levy, Susan E.; Rescorla, Leslie A.; Chittams, Jesse L.; Kral, Tanja J.; Moody, Eric J.; Pandey, Juhi; Pinto-Martin, Jennifer A.; Pomykacz, Alison T.; Ramirez, AnnJosette; Reyes, Nuri; Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson; Schieve, Laura; Thompson, Aleda; Young, Lisa; Zhang, Jing; Wiggins, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We analyzed CBCL/1½-5 Pervasive Developmental Problems (DSM-PDP) scores in 3- to 5-year-olds from the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED), a multi-site case control study, with the objective to discriminate children with ASD (N = 656) from children with Developmental Delay (DD) (N = 646), children with Developmental Delay (DD) plus ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Screening Tests, Check Lists
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Baghdadli, Amaria; Rattaz, Cécile; Michelon, Cécile; Pernon, Eric; Munir, Kerim – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
There is limited data on long-term outcome of ASD with co-occurring intellectual disabilities (ID) and challenging behaviours in France. The EpiTED period cohort is a 15 years longitudinal study of the developmental trajectories of 281 children initially recruited at mean age of 5 years. Two contrasted developmental trajectories were identified.…
Descriptors: Followup Studies, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kissine, Mikhail; Geelhand, Philippine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Subjective impressions of speech delivery in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as monotonic or over-precise are widespread but still lack robust acoustic evidence. This study provides a detailed acoustic characterization of the specificities of speech in individuals with ASD using an extensive sample of speech data, from the production of narratives…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Speech Communication
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Esler, Amy; Hewitt, Amy; Hall-Lande, Jennifer; Pettingell, Sandra L.; Houseworth, James – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have higher rates of co-occurring diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication prescriptions than people with other developmental disabilities. Few studies have examined these trends in samples of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with and without ASD. Using a random…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Holmes, Laura Graham; Strassberg, Donald S.; Himle, Michael B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Families are critical for supporting healthy sexuality and relationship development for youth with autism. The objective of this study was to describe family sexuality communication for adolescent girls with autism. Participants were 141 parents of autistic daughters who completed an online survey about sexuality development. Most parents relied…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Health, Family Relationship, Sexuality
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Slaughter, Alexandra M.; Hein, Sascha; Hong, Judy H.; Mire, Sarah S.; Grigorenko, Elena L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The objective was to delineate the prevalence of criminal behavior and school discipline in juvenile justice-involved youth (JJY) with autism. A sample of 143 JJY with autism was matched to comparison groups of JJY without a special education classification, JJY with learning disabilities, and JJY with other special educational needs (N = 572).…
Descriptors: Crime, Discipline, School Policy, Juvenile Justice
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Thompson, Lucy; Gillberg, Christopher; Landberg, Sara; Kantzer, Anne-Katrin; Miniscalco, Carmela; Barnevik Olsson, Martina; Eriksson, Mats A.; Fernell, Elisabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Two community-based cohorts of children with autism spectrum disorder, examined using similar assessment protocols, were pooled (n = 301) and subdivided according to history of regression. Those with regression (n = 62), 20.5% of the combined cohort, were contrasted with those without regression (n = 241) at first assessment (age range…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Shrestha, Rena; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Barbaro, Josephine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The current study investigated the age of diagnosis (AoD) of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Nepal by using de-identified data on 246 children with a diagnosis of ASD registered at AutismCare Nepal Society from 2010 to 2015. The mean AoD in children was 58 months (range 14-187 months). Majority of children were male (76%), lived in the Kathmandu…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Age Differences, Age, Autism
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Vernon, Ty W.; Holden, Anahita N.; Barrett, Amy C.; Bradshaw, Jessica; Ko, Jordan A.; McGarry, Elizabeth S.; Horowitz, Erin J.; Tagavi, Daina M.; German, Tamsin C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The symptoms of autism spectrum disorder are conceptualized to alter the quality of parent--children interactions, exposure to social learning exchanges, and ultimately the course of child development. There is evidence that modifying the procedures of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) to explicitly target social motivation enhances child…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Social Behavior, Outcomes of Treatment
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Knight, Victoria F.; Wright, John; DeFreese, Andrea – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on teaching STEM, especially in the areas of teaching coding for students with ASD, is lacking. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effects of using model-lead-test to teach an elementary-aged student with ASD and severe problem behavior the following dependent variables: (a) calibrating the robot; (b) drawing tracks for…
Descriptors: Robotics, Coding, Students with Disabilities, Autism
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McLeod, Jane D.; Meanwell, Emily; Hawbaker, Amelia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study describes the academic, social, and health experiences of college students on the autism spectrum as they compare to students with other disabilities and their non-disabled, neurotypical peers. Data were from an online survey of college students at 14 public institutions (N = 3073). There were few significant differences between…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, College Students, Student Experience
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Montazeri, Farhad; de Bildt, Annelies; Dekker, Vera; Anderson, George M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The anxiety and autism realms are each complicated and heterogeneous, and relationships between the two areas are especially complex. Network analysis offers a promising approach to the phenotypic complexities of typical and atypical human behavior. The Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) was used to assess anxiety in 126…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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