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Nabbijohn, A. Natisha; van der Miesen, Anna I. R.; Santarossa, Alanna; Peragine, Diana; de Vries, Annelou L. C.; Popma, Arne; Lai, Meng-Chuan; VanderLaan, Doug P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Gender variance (GV) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently co-occur in clinical populations. We investigated GV in association with ASD characteristics in nonclinical children and in children with developmental/mental health diagnoses. In 6-12-year-olds (N = 2445; 51% birth-assigned boys), the Gender Identity Questionnaire for Children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Correlation
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Stedman, Amy; Taylor, Briana; Erard, Michael; Peura, Christine; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite significant advances in autism research, experts have noted that children severely affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to have been understudied. Rigorous analysis of this observation has been limited, and the representation of severity has not been well-described. We assessed three domains of severity (communication ability,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disproportionate Representation
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Ghosn, Farah; Perea, Manuel; Castelló, Javier; Vázquez, Miguel Ángel; Yáñez, Núria; Marcos, Inmaculada; Sahuquillo, Rosa; Vento, Máximo; García-Blanco, Ana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous research has shown attentional biases in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) when processing distressing information. This study examined these attentional patterns as a function of the type of stimulus (scenes and faces) and the stimulus valence (happy, sad, threatening, neutral) using a within-subject design. A dot-probe was…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Span, Attention
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Kumazaki, Hirokazu; Muramatsu, Taro; Yoshikawa, Yuichiro; Yoshimura, Yuko; Ikeda, Takashi; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Saito, Daisuke N.; Shimaya, Jiro; Ishiguro, Hiroshi; Mimura, Masaru; Kikuchi, Mitsuru – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Robotics, Feasibility Studies
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McFayden, T. C.; Albright, J.; Muskett, A. E.; Scarpa, A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous research found repetitive and restricted behaviors (RRBs) were less predictive of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in females, indicating the diagnostic construct may not adequately describe RRB presentations in females. This mixed-methods study investigated the female presentation of RRBs, namely restricted interests, in a clinic sample of…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Interests, Repetition, Autism
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Campbell, Susan B.; Mahoney, Amanda S.; Brownell, Celia A.; Moore, Elizabeth L.; Tavares, Amy B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents of toddlers with an older sibling with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; high risk, HR) and parents of low risk (LR) toddlers with typically-developing older siblings read a wordless picture book to their child at 22 and 28 months. Parents' and toddlers' internal state language (ISL) was coded; parents reported on toddlers' use of ISL.…
Descriptors: Parents, Toddlers, Siblings, Autism
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Hong, Jung Kyung; Oh, Miae; Bong, Guiyoung; Kim, Ju-Hyun; Bahn, Geonho; Cho, In-Hee; Yoo, Hee Jeong – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Few studies have investigated the effect of age on treatment effectiveness of evidence-based social skills training in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) adolescents. This study evaluated the effectiveness of Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS®) in different ages of ASD adolescents. A total of 110 ASD adolescents aged…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence
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Karpur, Arun; Lello, Angela; Frazier, Thomas; Dixon, Pamela J.; Shih, Andy J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Utilizing the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health, this study illustrates that children with ASD have nearly 4 times higher odds of unmet health care needs compared to children without disabilities, whereas children with other disabilities had nearly 2 times higher odds of unmet health care needs compared to children without disabilities.…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Health
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Waizbard-Bartov, Einat; Yehonatan-Schori, Maya; Golan, Ofer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Experiences of parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have mostly been studied in relation to hardship. The current study explored personal growth experiences of Israeli parents to children with ASD, specifically in relation to Tedeschi and Calhoun's crisis-related growth model. Nineteen parents were interviewed, and qualitative…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parenting Styles
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Laurie, Margaret Holmes; Warreyn, Petra; Uriarte, Blanca Villamía; Boonen, Charlotte; Fletcher-Watson, Sue – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Capturing variability in use of commercial technologies by autistic children can inform future learning and support technology design. Survey data were collected from parents (n = 388) in the UK, Spain, and Belgium, and includes information about individuals with a range of ages and ability levels. We found a comparable pattern of access and usage…
Descriptors: Parents, Parent Attitudes, Educational Technology, Autism
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Kleberg, Johan Lundin; Nyström, Pär; Bölte, Sven; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We studied visual attention to emotional faces in 10-month-old infant siblings of children with ASD (ASD-sibs; N = 70) and a siblings of typically developing children (N = 29) using static stimuli. Contrary to our predictions, we found no evidence for atypical gaze behavior in ASD-sibs when boys and girls were analyzed together. However, a sex…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Visual Perception, Attention, Infants
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Livingston, Lucy Anne; Carr, Bethany; Shah, Punit – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
'Theory of Mind' (ToM) is the ability to attribute mental states to others to make sense of their behaviour. ToM research has informed understanding of (a)typical social behaviour, including the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This began with research on ToM in autistic children and there has been a noticeable increase in the study of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Social Cognition
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Cohen, Ira L.; Flory, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A recent cross-sectional analysis of PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) data, analyzed with a classification and regression tree algorithm, yielded a decision tree (the Autism Spectrum Disorder-Decision Tree or ASD-DT) that detected three behaviorally distinct ASD subgroups: minimally verbal, verbal, and atypical. These subgroups differed in PDDBI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Yu, Lu; Zhu, Xiaoqin; Shek, Daniel T. L.; Zou, Xiao-Bing; Deng, Hong-Zhu; Au Yeung, Peter W. H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The Psychoeducational Profile 3rd Edition (PEP-3) is a comprehensive assessment tool designed for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although its original English version has been validated, few validation studies have been conducted on translated versions including Chinese ones. Based on 554 Chinese children with ASD and 311 typically…
Descriptors: Psychoeducational Methods, Profiles, Measures (Individuals), Autism
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de Marchena, A.; Kim, E. S.; Bagdasarov, A.; Parish-Morris, J.; Maddox, B. B.; Brodkin, E. S.; Schultz, R. T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
While well-represented on clinical measures, co-speech gesture production has never been formally studied in autistic adults. Twenty-one verbally fluent autistic adults and 21 typically developing controls engaged in a controlled conversational task. Group differences were observed in both semantic/pragmatic and motoric features of spontaneously…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nonverbal Communication
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