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Almeida, Telma Sousa; Lamb, Michael E.; Weisblatt, Emma J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Twenty-seven autistic children and 32 typically developing (TD) peers were questioned about an experienced event after a two-week delay and again after a two-month delay, using the Revised National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol. Recall prompts elicited more detailed and more accurate…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Memory, Recall (Psychology)
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Stronach, Sheri; Wiegand, Sarah; Mentz, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Increased public understanding of autism may lead to better access to services and participation in the community for individuals with autism. The goal of this study was to explore autism understanding and stigma among university students, and general community members recruited at a state fair. Participants between 18 and 79 years of age (n =…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Bias, Knowledge Level, College Students
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Bourke-Taylor, Helen M.; Jane, Fiona; Peat, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Substantial evidence identifies mothers of children with a disability as having a higher risk for compromised health outcomes and lifestyle restrictions secondary to caring responsibilities. Healthy Mothers Healthy Families (HMHF) is an evidence informed health and empowerment group-based workshop program. Methods: HMHF features health education…
Descriptors: Mothers, Workshops, Health Promotion, Disabilities
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Hull, Laura; Mandy, William; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Petrides, K. V. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
There currently exist no self-report measures of social camouflaging behaviours (strategies used to compensate for or mask autistic characteristics during social interactions). The Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire (CAT-Q) was developed from autistic adults' experiences of camouflaging, and was administered online to 354 autistic and 478…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Gardner, Lauren; Campbell, Jonathan M.; Westdal, June – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may interact with law enforcement officers (LEOs) as victims of crime, witnesses to crime, or suspects of crime. Interactions between LEOs and those with ASD may go awry which raises questions about levels of training, experiences, and knowledge acquired by LEOs. Seventy-two LEOs reported on their…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Law Enforcement, Police
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Tang, Julia S. Y.; Falkmer, Marita; Chen, Nigel T. M.; Bolte, Sven; Girdler, Sonya – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent years have seen an emergence of social emotional computer games for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). These games are heterogeneous in design with few underpinned by theoretically informed approaches to computer-based interventions. Guided by the serious game framework outlined by Whyte et al. (Journal of Autism and…
Descriptors: Design, Educational Games, Youth, Autism
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Williams, Takeshia V.; Hartmann, Kathrin; Paulson, James F.; Raffaele, C. Teal; Urbano, Maria R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to understand how caregiver stress and coping behaviors impact African American and Euro-American families differently when caring for a child with autism. This study used discriminate function analysis to contrast the stress and coping profiles of Euro-American caregivers who are more acculturated with the…
Descriptors: Coping, Stress Variables, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Maras, Katie; Marshall, Imogen; Sands, Chloe – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
One-hundred-and-sixty jury-eligible participants read a vignette describing a male who was brought to the attention of police for suspicious and aggressive behaviours and displayed atypical behaviours in court. Half of participants were informed that he had autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and were given background information about ASD; the other…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Credibility, Labeling (of Persons)
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Dyson, Margaret W.; Chlebowski, Colby; Brookman-Frazee, Lauren – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Publicly funded mental health services play an important role in serving children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Previous research indicates a high likelihood of adaptations when therapists deliver evidence based practices to non-ASD populations, though less is known about therapists' use of adaptations for children with ASD receiving mental…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Therapy
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Schrott, Bastian; Kasperzack, Daria; Weber, Linda; Becker, Katja; Burghardt, Roland; Kamp-Becker, Inge – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often are faced with the challenges of difficult parenting situations. We explored the effectiveness of the Stepping Stones Triple P (SSTP) group parent training as an additional intervention in the treatment of ASD. Parents (n = 23) went through a waiting period and participated afterwards…
Descriptors: Child Rearing, Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Autism
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Neil, Louise; White, Hannah; Warren, Katy; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety is highly prevalent in autistic children. Yet interpretation biases implicated in anxiety in non-autistic individuals have received little research attention in this group. Twenty-two autistic children and 25 typical children completed an ambiguous scenarios interview and questionnaire-based measures of anxiety. A subsample of mothers…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Ambiguity (Context), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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English, M. Samantha; Tenenbaum, Elena J.; Levine, Todd P.; Lester, Barry M.; Sheinkopf, Stephen J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates parental perceptions of cries of 1-month-old infants later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and non-ASD controls. Parents of children with and without ASD listened to cry recordings of infants later diagnosed with ASD and comparison infants and rated them on cry perception scales. Parents completed the Broad…
Descriptors: Infants, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Crying
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Hollin, Gregory; Pearce, Warren – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This article draws upon qualitative interviews in order to examine how UK based research psychologists understand public engagement activities and interactions with autistic advocates. Researchers describe public engagement as difficult and understand these difficulties as stemming from autistic impairments. In particular, it is reported that a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Interaction, Autism, Interpersonal Relationship
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Courchesne, Valérie; Girard, Dominique; Jacques, Claudine; Soulières, Isabelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Intelligence in minimally verbal children on the autism spectrum (AS) is at risk of being underestimated. The present study investigated testability and cognitive profile of preschool autistic children using conventional tools and strength-informed tools. Fifty-two AS children and fifty-four typical children matched on age (31-77 months) were…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests, Disability Identification, Autism
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Kovarski, Klara; Mennella, Rocco; Wong, Simeon M.; Dunkley, Benjamin T.; Taylor, Margot J.; Batty, Magali – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has focused on processing of socially-relevant stimuli, such as faces. Nonetheless, before being 'social', faces are visual stimuli. The present magnetoencephalography study investigated the time course of brain activity during an implicit emotional task in visual emotion-related regions in 19 adults with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Stimuli, Diagnostic Tests
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