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Showing 1 to 15 of 318 results Save | Export
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Nicotera, Antonio Gennaro; Hagerman, Randi Jenssen; Catania, Maria Vincenza; Buono, Serafino; Di Nuovo, Santo; Liprino, Elisa Maria; Stracuzzi, Emanuela; Giusto, Stefania; Di Vita, Giuseppina; Musumeci, Sebastiano Antonino – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To date, the phenotypic significance of EEG abnormalities in patients with ASD is unclear. In a population affected by ASD we aimed to evaluate: the phenotypic characteristics; the prevalence of EEG abnormalities; the potential correlations between EEG abnormalities and behavioral and cognitive variables. Sixty-nine patients with ASD underwent…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Diagnostic Tests
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Thompson, Lucy; Gillberg, Christopher; Landberg, Sara; Kantzer, Anne-Katrin; Miniscalco, Carmela; Barnevik Olsson, Martina; Eriksson, Mats A.; Fernell, Elisabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Two community-based cohorts of children with autism spectrum disorder, examined using similar assessment protocols, were pooled (n = 301) and subdivided according to history of regression. Those with regression (n = 62), 20.5% of the combined cohort, were contrasted with those without regression (n = 241) at first assessment (age range…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Vasilevska Petrovska, Ivana; Trajkovski, Vladimir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This randomized controlled study evaluated a computer-based intervention on emotion understanding in 32 children with autism spectrum conditions with and without intellectual disability (ID) aged 7-15 years. The intervention group (n = 16) used the program for 12 h while the control group (n = 16) was not included in any intervention or training…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Intervention, Emotional Response, Children
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Hu, Huei-Fan; Liu, Tai-Ling; Hsiao, Ray C.; Ni, Hsing-Chang; Liang, Sophie Hsin-Yi; Lin, Chiao-Fan; Chan, Hsiang-Lin; Hsieh, Yi-Hsuan; Wang, Liang-Jen; Lee, Min-Jing; Chou, Wen-Jiun; Yen, Cheng-Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The present study examined the associations between cyberbullying involvement and sociodemographic characteristics, autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in 219 adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, the associations between…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Harmsen, Irene E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Empathy is an essential component of human social life. It requires the ability to understand another's mental state and respond with an appropriate emotion or action. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been described to exhibit atypical empathic responses which limit communication and social interactions. This review highlights…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Lundin, Andreas; Kosidou, Kyriaki; Dalman, Christina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Background: The autism-spectrum quotient scale was developed to study autism as a spectrum. Few studies have examined the psychometric properties of the 10 item AQ (AQ-10). We examine the AQ-10 measurement ability and convergent validity in a population health survey (n = 44,722). Methods: The item severity and item discrimination was assessed…
Descriptors: Autism, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measures (Individuals)
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Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lodi-Smith, Jennifer; Donnelly, James P.; Lopata, Christopher; McDonald, Christin A.; Thomeer, Marcus L.; Lipinski, Alanna M.; Nasca, Brian C.; Booth, Adam J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Prior studies of sex-based differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded mixed findings. This study examined ASD symptom severity and functional correlates in a sample of 34 high-functioning females with ASD (HFASD; M age = 8.93; M IQ = 104.64) compared to 34 matched males (M age = 8.96; M IQ = 104.44) using the Social Responsiveness…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Siu, Queenie K. Y.; Yi, Huso; Chan, Randolph C. H.; Chio, Floria H. N.; Chan, Dorothy F. Y.; Mak, Winnie W. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) reported higher stress than those of typically developing children. The role of child problem behaviors in the relationship between autism spectrum symptoms and parenting stress is little known. A total of 731 parents of 177 children with ASD and 554 typically developing children in primary…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Parent Child Relationship, Stress Variables, Autism
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Taylor, Briana J.; Sanders, Kevin B.; Kyle, Marie; Pedersen, Kahsi A.; Veenstra-Vanderweele, Jeremy; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common, but there is little comparative information available on different psychiatric hospital treatment models. Children with ASD ages 4-20 were enrolled upon admission to either a specialized (N = 53) or a general child psychiatric unit (N = 27). Caregivers completed…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Hospitals, Patients, Children, Adolescents
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Matheis, Maya; Matson, Johnny L.; Hong, Esther; Cervantes, Paige E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A growing body of research suggests that symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may present differently in males and females. This study examined gender differences in ASD symptoms and developmental functioning, using the "Baby and Infant Screen for Children with aUtism Traits, Part 1" (BISCUIT-Part 1) and the "Battelle…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Abbeduto, Leonard; Thurman, Angela John; McDuffie, Andrea; Klusek, Jessica; Feigles, Robyn Tempero; Ted Brown, W.; Harvey, Danielle J.; Adayev, Tatyana; LaFauci, Giuseppe; Dobkins, Carl; Roberts, Jane E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Many males with FXS meet criteria for ASD. This study was designed to (1) describe ASD symptoms in adolescent and young adult males with FXS (n = 44) and (2) evaluate the contributions to ASD severity of cognitive, language, and psychiatric factors, as well as FMRP (the protein deficient in FXS). A few ASD symptoms on the ADOS-2 were universal in…
Descriptors: Males, Genetic Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Stedman, Amy; Taylor, Briana; Erard, Michael; Peura, Christine; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite significant advances in autism research, experts have noted that children severely affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to have been understudied. Rigorous analysis of this observation has been limited, and the representation of severity has not been well-described. We assessed three domains of severity (communication ability,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disproportionate Representation
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Kumazaki, Hirokazu; Muramatsu, Taro; Yoshikawa, Yuichiro; Yoshimura, Yuko; Ikeda, Takashi; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Saito, Daisuke N.; Shimaya, Jiro; Ishiguro, Hiroshi; Mimura, Masaru; Kikuchi, Mitsuru – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Robotics, Feasibility Studies
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Cohen, Ira L.; Flory, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A recent cross-sectional analysis of PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) data, analyzed with a classification and regression tree algorithm, yielded a decision tree (the Autism Spectrum Disorder-Decision Tree or ASD-DT) that detected three behaviorally distinct ASD subgroups: minimally verbal, verbal, and atypical. These subgroups differed in PDDBI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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