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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schelinski, Stefanie; von Kriegstein, Katharina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We tested the relation between vocal emotion and vocal pitch perception abilities in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and pairwise matched adults with typical development. The ASD group had impaired vocal but typical non-vocal pitch and vocal timbre perception abilities. The ASD group showed less accurate vocal emotion…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Emotional Response, Autism
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Kennedy, P. J.; Sinfield, Philip; Tweedlie, Lucy; Nixon, Carol; Martin, Aisling; Edwards, Katie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1% of the general population. The prevalence of ASD, or symptom complexes compatible with ASD, amongst young people residing within Secure Children's Homes (SCH's) remains ill understood. There are critical implications for the resourcing and understanding of the management of young people…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Residential Care, Interpersonal Competence
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Koegel, Lynn Kern; Glugatch, Lindsay B.; Koegel, Robert L.; Castellon, Fernanda A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate challenges in socialization that can interfere with their participation in common childhood activities and can persist or worsen if not addressed. The purpose of this study was to assess whether individualized education program (IEP) social goals could be targeted by a supervised paraprofessional…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Socialization, Individualized Education Programs
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Dijkhuis, Renee R.; Ziermans, Tim; van Rijn, Sophie; Staal, Wouter; Swaab, Hanna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
In order to better understand which factors play a role in non-adaptive social behavior in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) we looked into physiological arousal and awareness of one's own emotions. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) were measured during a public speaking task in 51 young adults with ASD and 28 typically developing (TD)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology, Arousal Patterns
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López Pérez, David; Kennedy, Daniel P.; Tomalski, Przemyslaw; Bölte, Sven; D'Onofrio, Brian; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly conceived as the extreme end of a continuum. Research suggests that autistic individuals outperform typically developing controls in visual search. Thus, enhanced visual search may represent an adaptive trait associated with ASD. Here, using a large general population sample (N = 608, aged 9-14 years), we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Reinhartsen, D. B.; Tapia, A. L.; Watson, L.; Crais, E.; Bradley, C.; Fairchild, J.; Herring, A. H.; Daniels, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined language profiles of 2571 children, 30-68 months old, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), other developmental disabilities (DD), and typical development from the general population (POP). Children were categorized as expressive dominant (ED), receptive dominant (RD), or nondominant (ND). Within each group, the ED profile was the least…
Descriptors: Profiles, Toddlers, Young Children, Autism
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McDonald, Christin A.; Donnelly, James P.; Feldman-Alguire, Ashlee L.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
In the last decade, the prevalence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID) in schools has increased. However, there is a paucity of information on special education placement, service use, and relationships between service use and demographic variables for children with ASD without ID. This study aimed…
Descriptors: Special Education, Inclusion, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Houghton, Richard; Monz, Brigitta; Law, Kiely; Loss, Georg; Le Scouiller, Stephanie; de Vries, Frank; Willgoss, Tom – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The Autism impact measure (AIM) is a caregiver-reported questionnaire assessing autism symptom frequency and impact in children, previously shown to have good test-retest reliability, convergent validity and structural validity. This study extended previous work by exploring the AIM's ability to discriminate between 'known-groups' of children, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires
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Chester, Monica; Richdale, Amanda L.; McGillivray, Jane – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite widespread clinical use of group-based social skills training (SST) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there remains a lack of follow-up data, generalisation effects, common definition of social skills, and teacher report data. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week SST intervention with a play component…
Descriptors: Group Activities, Play, Teaching Methods, Children
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Hollocks, Matthew J.; Casson, Roland; White, Clare; Dobson, Jess; Beazley, Peter; Humphrey, Ayla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The SCQ is a widely used screening measure for the assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, its sensitivity and specificity when used with older children in the context of community Child & Adolescent Mental Health services is unclear. Seventy-seven (Mean age = 12.8 years) young people with suspected ASD were screened using…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Mental Health, Health Services, Autism
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Holopainen, Annaleena; de Veld, Daniëlle M. J.; Hoddenbach, Elske; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Youth with ASD often show limited or atypical empathic responsiveness. The direct effects of social skills interventions on enhancing empathic responsiveness is unknown. Data from a randomized controlled trial were used to investigate whether a Theory of Mind training improves the empathic responsiveness, measured through structured observations.…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zanobini, Mirella; Solari, Silvano – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study aims to analyze the effectiveness of a swimming program on interpersonal skills, autistic mannerisms, and aquatic abilities in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Research on aquatic therapy showed improvements in motor skills, whereas there is little evidence of effectiveness of this approach on social impairments of ASD.…
Descriptors: Aquatic Sports, Program Effectiveness, Children, Autism
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Medda, Juliane E.; Cholemkery, Hannah; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of the present study was to establish diagnostic validity of the new algorithm of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale, the ADOS-2, to differentiate between ASD and other clinically relevant psychiatric and developmental disorders in a large German sample. Validity of ADOS and ADOS-2 diagnostic algorithms was established in 826…
Descriptors: Autism, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Gurbuz, Emine; Hanley, Mary; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The number of university students with autism is increasing, and it is crucial that these students can access adequate support. An online questionnaire was completed by 26 autistic students and 158 non-autistic students enrolled at UK universities to investigate social and academic experiences. Autistic students self-reported significant…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Social Experience, Student Experience
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