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Showing 1 to 15 of 249 results Save | Export
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Nicotera, Antonio Gennaro; Hagerman, Randi Jenssen; Catania, Maria Vincenza; Buono, Serafino; Di Nuovo, Santo; Liprino, Elisa Maria; Stracuzzi, Emanuela; Giusto, Stefania; Di Vita, Giuseppina; Musumeci, Sebastiano Antonino – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To date, the phenotypic significance of EEG abnormalities in patients with ASD is unclear. In a population affected by ASD we aimed to evaluate: the phenotypic characteristics; the prevalence of EEG abnormalities; the potential correlations between EEG abnormalities and behavioral and cognitive variables. Sixty-nine patients with ASD underwent…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neurological Impairments, Diagnostic Tests
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Limeres, Jacobo; Diz, Pedro; Abeleira, María Teresa; Outumuro, Mercedes; Fernández-Feijoo, Javier; Diniz-Freitas, Márcio; García-Caballero, Lucía – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Determining a patient's dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age, Correlation
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Cochran, Lisa; Welham, Alice; Oliver, Chris; Arshad, Adam; Moss, Joanna F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Age-related behavioural change in Cornelia de Lange syndrome is poorly understood. We report a 7 year follow-up study of adaptive behaviour, autism spectrum disorder symptomatology, language skills and behavioural characteristics in 30 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, compared with 18 individuals with Cri du Chat syndrome. The…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Followup Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hollocks, Matthew J.; Casson, Roland; White, Clare; Dobson, Jess; Beazley, Peter; Humphrey, Ayla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The SCQ is a widely used screening measure for the assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, its sensitivity and specificity when used with older children in the context of community Child & Adolescent Mental Health services is unclear. Seventy-seven (Mean age = 12.8 years) young people with suspected ASD were screened using…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Mental Health, Health Services, Autism
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Montazeri, Farhad; de Bildt, Annelies; Dekker, Vera; Anderson, George M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The anxiety and autism realms are each complicated and heterogeneous, and relationships between the two areas are especially complex. Network analysis offers a promising approach to the phenotypic complexities of typical and atypical human behavior. The Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale (RCADS) was used to assess anxiety in 126…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Medda, Juliane E.; Cholemkery, Hannah; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of the present study was to establish diagnostic validity of the new algorithm of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale, the ADOS-2, to differentiate between ASD and other clinically relevant psychiatric and developmental disorders in a large German sample. Validity of ADOS and ADOS-2 diagnostic algorithms was established in 826…
Descriptors: Autism, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Miller, Lauren E.; Burke, Jeffrey D.; Robins, Diana L.; Fein, Deborah A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) diagnostic tools are not designed for mental ages (MA) below 12 months. Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were examined in 2-year-olds with ASD-low MA (n = 53), Global Developmental Delay (GDD; n = 175), and ASD-higher MA (n = 425). ADOS and CARS demonstrated…
Descriptors: Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Screening Tests, Observation
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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Bölte, Sven; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Preschool informants may provide valuable information about symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of ratings by preschool staff with those by parents of 3-year-old children using the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment Preschool Forms. The sample consisted of 32 children at…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
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Courchesne, Valérie; Girard, Dominique; Jacques, Claudine; Soulières, Isabelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Intelligence in minimally verbal children on the autism spectrum (AS) is at risk of being underestimated. The present study investigated testability and cognitive profile of preschool autistic children using conventional tools and strength-informed tools. Fifty-two AS children and fifty-four typical children matched on age (31-77 months) were…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Diagnostic Tests, Disability Identification, Autism
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Kovarski, Klara; Mennella, Rocco; Wong, Simeon M.; Dunkley, Benjamin T.; Taylor, Margot J.; Batty, Magali – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has focused on processing of socially-relevant stimuli, such as faces. Nonetheless, before being 'social', faces are visual stimuli. The present magnetoencephalography study investigated the time course of brain activity during an implicit emotional task in visual emotion-related regions in 19 adults with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Stimuli, Diagnostic Tests
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Kumazaki, Hirokazu; Muramatsu, Taro; Yoshikawa, Yuichiro; Yoshimura, Yuko; Ikeda, Takashi; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Saito, Daisuke N.; Shimaya, Jiro; Ishiguro, Hiroshi; Mimura, Masaru; Kikuchi, Mitsuru – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Robotics, Feasibility Studies
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Raza, Sarah; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Sacrey, Lori-Ann R.; Bryson, Susan; Brian, Jessica; Smith, Isabel M.; Reid, Kyle; Roberts, Wendy; Szatmari, Peter; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Roncadin, Caroline; Garon, Nancy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the potential of the short form of the Quantitative Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (Q-CHAT-10) to identify autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a high-risk sibling cohort. High-risk (HR; siblings of children diagnosed with ASD) and low-risk (LR; no family history of ASD) toddlers were assessed prospectively at 18 and 24 months…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, At Risk Persons
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Jashar, Dasal Tenzin; Fein, Deborah; Berry, Leandra N.; Burke, Jeffrey D.; Miller, Lauren E.; Barton, Marianne L.; Dumont-Mathieu, Thyde – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parent satisfaction with neurodevelopmental evaluations may influence the pursuit of intervention. Parent satisfaction with a neurodevelopmental evaluation for toddlers at risk for autism (n = 257; 128 with autism) was examined using the Post-Evaluation Satisfaction Questionnaire, which collected quantitative and qualitative information. Fewer…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Satisfaction, At Risk Persons, Toddlers
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Cederlund, Mats – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
In this study the Autism Mental Status Exam (AMSE) was validated towards ICD-10 Autism Spectrum Diagnoses (ASD) based on an interview with the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-11) with parent(s)/caregiver(s) in a group of 124 children referred for assessment to a clinical assessment unit for pre-school children.…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Test Validity
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Smith, C. J.; Bhanot, A.; Norman, E.; Mullett, J. E.; Bilbo, S. D.; McDougle, C. J.; Zürcher, N. R.; Hooker, J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Imaging technologies such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) present unparalleled opportunities to investigate the neural basis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, challenges such as deficits in social interaction, anxiety around new experiences, impaired language abilities, and hypersensitivity to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Training Methods
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