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Raghavan, Ramkripa; Fallin, M. Daniele; Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Guoying; Ji, Yuelong; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Paige, David; Wang, Xiaobin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Emerging research suggests that adiponectin, a cytokine produced by adipose tissue, may be implicated in ASD. In this prospective birth cohort study (n = 847), we assessed the association between cord, early childhood plasma adiponectin and the risk of developing ASD. ASD was defined based on ICD codes of physician diagnosis. Cord adiponectin…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk, Physiology
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Stickley, Andrew; Saito, Aya; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the across time stability of autistic traits during the transition period from preschool to school age in the general population. The current study compared autistic traits assessed by a mother-reported quantitative measure, the Social Responsiveness Scale, at age 5 and 8 years and examined the intraclass correlation…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Amos, Georgina A.; Byrne, Graeme; Chouinard, Philippe A.; Godber, Timothy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The relationship between autistic traits, stress, and anxiety experienced by the general population was investigated using an adult sample that evaluated the suitability of three theoretical models proposed by Green and Ben-Sasson. Participants completed online questionnaires that were analysed using structural equation modelling and partial…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stress Variables, Anxiety
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Rubenstein, Eric; Young, Jessica C.; Croen, Lisa A.; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn; Dowling, Nicole F.; Lee, Li-Ching; Schieve, Laura; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Daniels, Julie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Opioid use during pregnancy is associated with suboptimal pregnancy outcomes. Little is known about child neurodevelopmental outcomes. We examined associations between maternal opioid prescriptions preconception to delivery (peri-pregnancy) and child's risk of ASD, developmental delay/disorder (DD) with no ASD features, or ASD/DD with autism…
Descriptors: Mothers, Narcotics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schelinski, Stefanie; von Kriegstein, Katharina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We tested the relation between vocal emotion and vocal pitch perception abilities in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and pairwise matched adults with typical development. The ASD group had impaired vocal but typical non-vocal pitch and vocal timbre perception abilities. The ASD group showed less accurate vocal emotion…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Emotional Response, Autism
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Schuck, Rachel K.; Flores, Ryan E.; Fung, Lawrence K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is more prevalent in males than females. Previous research indicates females camouflage ASD symptoms more than males, potentially contributing to the difference in prevalence. This study investigated sex/gender differences in behavioral phenotypes in 17 males and 11 females with ASD, as well camouflaging in ASD, in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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López Pérez, David; Kennedy, Daniel P.; Tomalski, Przemyslaw; Bölte, Sven; D'Onofrio, Brian; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly conceived as the extreme end of a continuum. Research suggests that autistic individuals outperform typically developing controls in visual search. Thus, enhanced visual search may represent an adaptive trait associated with ASD. Here, using a large general population sample (N = 608, aged 9-14 years), we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Kašcelan, Draško; Katsos, Napoleon; Gibson, Jenny L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Some evidence suggests that bilingualism improves communication and cognitive skills which are often impaired in autism. However, diagnosing autism in bilinguals may suffer a cultural bias, which can affect the investigation of bilingualism and autism. Therefore, the current study investigates relations between autistic-like traits (ALTs) and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Skills
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McDonald, Christin A.; Donnelly, James P.; Feldman-Alguire, Ashlee L.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
In the last decade, the prevalence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) without intellectual disability (ID) in schools has increased. However, there is a paucity of information on special education placement, service use, and relationships between service use and demographic variables for children with ASD without ID. This study aimed…
Descriptors: Special Education, Inclusion, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Aaron, Elizabeth; Montgomery, Alicia; Ren, Xinguo; Guter, Stephen; Anderson, George; Carneiro, Ana M. D.; Jacob, Suma; Mosconi, Matthew; Pandey, Ghanshyam N.; Cook, Edwin; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Elevated whole blood serotonin (WB5-HT) is a well-replicated biomarker in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Decreased platelet serotonin receptor 5-HT[subscript 2A] binding has been reported in ASD. WB5-HT levels and platelet 5-HT[subscript 2A] specific binding were obtained from 110 individuals with ASD and 18 controls. Individuals with ASD had…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology, Metabolism
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Limeres, Jacobo; Diz, Pedro; Abeleira, María Teresa; Outumuro, Mercedes; Fernández-Feijoo, Javier; Diniz-Freitas, Márcio; García-Caballero, Lucía – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Determining a patient's dental age is essential from the dental standpoint but can also have connotations of a forensic, anthropological and medicolegal nature. In this study, we assessed the correspondence between dental age and chronological age in a group of 50 children with autism spectrum disorders, with a chronological age range of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age, Correlation
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Carpenter, Katie L.; Williams, David M.; Nicholson, Toby – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17-30,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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