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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Kim, So Yoon; Miele, David B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study used mixed-effects logistic regression to examine undergraduates' (N = 142) evaluations and reasoning about scenarios involving disability-based exclusion. Scenarios varied by disability [autism spectrum disorder (ASD) versus learning disability (LD)], the context of exclusion (classroom versus social), and whether or not a grade was at…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Autism, Learning Disabilities
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Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Stickley, Andrew; Saito, Aya; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the across time stability of autistic traits during the transition period from preschool to school age in the general population. The current study compared autistic traits assessed by a mother-reported quantitative measure, the Social Responsiveness Scale, at age 5 and 8 years and examined the intraclass correlation…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Baptista, Joana; Sampaio, Adriana; Fachada, Inês; Osório, Ana; Mesquita, Ana R.; Garayzabal, Elena; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar; Soares, Isabel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study compared maternal responsiveness to children with two neurodevelopmental disorders sharing different but, in some cases, overlapping social phenotypes--Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)--and explored the relations between maternal responsiveness and child emotional/behavioural problems (EBP). The sample included…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mother Attitudes, Child Rearing, Preschool Children
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Schelinski, Stefanie; von Kriegstein, Katharina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We tested the relation between vocal emotion and vocal pitch perception abilities in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and pairwise matched adults with typical development. The ASD group had impaired vocal but typical non-vocal pitch and vocal timbre perception abilities. The ASD group showed less accurate vocal emotion…
Descriptors: Intonation, Suprasegmentals, Emotional Response, Autism
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Wan, Guobin; Kong, Xuejun; Sun, Binbin; Yu, Siyi; Tu, Yiheng; Park, Joel; Lang, Courtney; Koh, Madelyn; Wei, Zhen; Feng, Zhe; Lin, Yan; Kong, Jian – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Eye tracking (ET) holds potential for the early detection of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To overcome the difficulties of working with young children, developing a short and informative paradigm is crucial for ET. We investigated the fixation times of 37 ASD and 37 typically developing (TD) children ages 4-6 watching a 10-second video of a…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Video Technology
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López Pérez, David; Kennedy, Daniel P.; Tomalski, Przemyslaw; Bölte, Sven; D'Onofrio, Brian; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly conceived as the extreme end of a continuum. Research suggests that autistic individuals outperform typically developing controls in visual search. Thus, enhanced visual search may represent an adaptive trait associated with ASD. Here, using a large general population sample (N = 608, aged 9-14 years), we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis
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Reinhartsen, D. B.; Tapia, A. L.; Watson, L.; Crais, E.; Bradley, C.; Fairchild, J.; Herring, A. H.; Daniels, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined language profiles of 2571 children, 30-68 months old, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), other developmental disabilities (DD), and typical development from the general population (POP). Children were categorized as expressive dominant (ED), receptive dominant (RD), or nondominant (ND). Within each group, the ED profile was the least…
Descriptors: Profiles, Toddlers, Young Children, Autism
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Tsiplova, Kate; Ungar, Wendy J.; Flanagan, Helen E.; den Otter, Jeffrey; Waddell, Charlotte; Murray, Patricia; D'Entremont, Barbara; Léger, Natalie; Garon, Nancy; Bryson, Susan; Smith, Isabel M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study measured resource utilization and costs for pre-school autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-related services in community-based sectors from multiple payer perspectives in two Canadian provinces, Nova Scotia (NS) and New Brunswick (NB), during the 12 months prior to and following the start of early intensive behavioural intervention (EIBI).…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Cochran, Lisa; Welham, Alice; Oliver, Chris; Arshad, Adam; Moss, Joanna F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Age-related behavioural change in Cornelia de Lange syndrome is poorly understood. We report a 7 year follow-up study of adaptive behaviour, autism spectrum disorder symptomatology, language skills and behavioural characteristics in 30 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, compared with 18 individuals with Cri du Chat syndrome. The…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Followup Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Esler, Amy; Hewitt, Amy; Hall-Lande, Jennifer; Pettingell, Sandra L.; Houseworth, James – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have higher rates of co-occurring diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication prescriptions than people with other developmental disabilities. Few studies have examined these trends in samples of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with and without ASD. Using a random…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Micai, Martina; Vulchanova, Mila; Saldaña, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Reading monitoring is poorly explored, but it may have an impact on well-documented reading comprehension difficulties in autism. This study explores reading monitoring through the impact of instructions and different error types on reading behavior. Individuals with autism and matched controls read correct sentences and sentences containing…
Descriptors: Autism, Reading Comprehension, Behavior Change, Error Patterns
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Johnston, Kate; Murray, Kim; Spain, Debbie; Walker, Ian; Russell, Ailsa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Studies of executive function (EF) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported mixed findings. Possible confounds include EF domain assessed and co-occurring neurodevelopmental diagnoses. EF task performance across multiple domains and everyday function of autistic adults (n = 110) was significantly different to age- and IQ-matched controls (n…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Schemata (Cognition), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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