ERIC Number: EJ1175260
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Abilities to Explicitly and Implicitly Infer Intentions from Actions in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Cole, Eleanor J.; Slocombe, Katie E.; Barraclough, Nick E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v48 n5 p1712-1726 May 2018
Previous research suggests that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) might be associated with impairments on implicit but not explicit mentalizing tasks. However, such comparisons are made difficult by the heterogeneity of stimuli and the techniques used to measure mentalizing capabilities. We tested the abilities of 34 individuals (17 with ASD) to derive intentions from others' actions during both explicit and implicit tasks and tracked their eye-movements. Adults with ASD displayed explicit but not implicit mentalizing deficits. Adults with ASD displayed typical fixation patterns during both implicit and explicit tasks. These results illustrate an explicit mentalizing deficit in adults with ASD, which cannot be attributed to differences in fixation patterns.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Intention, Eye Movements, Cognitive Processes, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Foreign Countries, Task Analysis, Films, Visual Stimuli, Experiments
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule