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Keehn, Brandon; Westerfield, Marissa; Townsend, Jeanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Visual Stimuli
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Tse, Venus W. S.; Crabtree, Jason; Islam, Shamsun; Stott, Joshua – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to compare cognitive and memory abilities between older adults with and without autism over the age of 50. Twenty-eight individuals with autism and 29 typically developing (TD) older adults took part in the current study. Participants' cognitive and memory abilities were assessed by WAIS-IV and WMS-IV. Older autistic adults were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Memory, Older Adults, Autism
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Guy, Jacalyn; Mottron, Laurent; Berthiaume, Claude; Bertone, Armando – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate superior performances on visuo-spatial tasks emphasizing local information processing; however, findings from studies involving hierarchical stimuli are inconsistent. Wide age ranges and group means complicate their interpretability. Children and adolescents with and without ASD completed…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Lim, Yi Huey; Lee, Hoe C.; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Allison, Garry T.; Tan, Tele; Lee, Wee Lih; Morris, Susan L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Sensory processing difficulties affect the development of sensorimotor skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the effect of sensory information on postural control is unclear in the ASD adult population. The present study examined the effect of visual information on postural control as well as the attentional demands…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Sensory Integration
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Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism
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Luckhardt, Christina; Kröger, Anne; Cholemkery, Hannah; Bender, Stephan; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The underlying neural mechanisms of implicit and explicit facial emotion recognition (FER) were studied in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to matched typically developing controls (TDC). EEG was obtained from N = 21 ASD and N = 16 TDC. Task performance, visual (P100, N170) and cognitive (late positive…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Processes
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Vanmarcke, Steven; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
While most typically developing (TD) participants have a coarse-to-fine processing style, people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) seem to be less globally and more locally biased when processing visual information. The stimulus-specific spatial frequency content might be directly relevant to determine this temporal hierarchy of visual…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes
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Lim, Yi Huey; Partridge, Katie; Girdler, Sonya; Morris, Susan L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Impairments in postural control affect the development of motor and social skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This review compared the effect of different sensory conditions on static standing postural control between ASD and neurotypical individuals. Results from 19 studies indicated a large difference in postural control…
Descriptors: Human Posture, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Meta Analysis
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Kovarski, K.; Thillay, A.; Houy-Durand, E.; Roux, S.; Bidet-Caulet, A.; Bonnet-Brilhault, F.; Batty, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by atypical visual perception both in the social and nonsocial domain. In order to measure a reliable visual response, visual evoked potentials were recorded during a passive pattern-reversal stimulation in adolescents and adults with and without ASD. While the present results show the same…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Visual Perception, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Evers, Kris; Boets, Bart; Steyaert, Jean; Noens, Ilse; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Visual search has been used extensively to investigate differences in mid-level visual processing between individuals with ASD and TD individuals. The current study employed two visual search paradigms with Gaborized stimuli to assess the impact of task distractors (Experiment 1) and task instruction (Experiment 2) on local-global visual…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Visual Perception
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Vanmarcke, Steven; Mullin, Caitlin; Van der Hallen, Ruth; Evers, Kris; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Typically developing (TD) adults are able to extract global information from natural images and to categorize them within a single glance. This study aimed at extending these findings to individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a free description open-encoding paradigm. Participants were asked to freely describe what they saw when…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Visual Perception, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Photography
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DiCriscio, Antoinette Sabatino; Miller, Stephanie J.; Hanna, Eleanor K.; Kovac, Megan; Turner-Brown, Lauren; Sasson, Noah J.; Sapyta, Jeffrey; Troiani, Vanessa; Dichter, Gabriel S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Prosaccade and antisaccade errors in the context of social and nonsocial stimuli were investigated in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 19) a matched control sample (n = 19), and a small sample of youth with obsessive compulsive disorder (n = 9). Groups did not differ in error rates in the prosaccade condition for any stimulus…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Control, Visual Perception, Visual Measures
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Herrington, John D.; Riley, Meghan E.; Grupe, Daniel W.; Schultz, Robert T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This study examines whether deficits in visual information processing in autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) can be offset by the recruitment of brain structures involved in selective attention. During functional MRI, 12 children with ASD and 19 control participants completed a selective attention one-back task in which images of faces and houses were…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Dillen, Claudia; Steyaert, Jean; Op de Beeck, Hans P.; Boets, Bart – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The embedded figures test has often been used to reveal weak central coherence in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here, we administered a more standardized automated version of the embedded figures test in combination with the configural superiority task, to investigate the effect of contextual modulation on local feature…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Comparative Analysis
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Muth, Anne; Hönekopp, Johannes; Falter, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Visuo-spatial skills are believed to be enhanced in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This meta-analysis tests the current state of evidence for Figure Disembedding, Block Design, Mental Rotation and Navon tasks in ASD and neurotypicals. Block Design (d = 0.32) and Figure Disembedding (d = 0.26) showed superior performance for ASD with large…
Descriptors: Autism, Spatial Ability, Visual Perception, Meta Analysis
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