ERIC Number: EJ1179121
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Allocentric versus Egocentric Spatial Memory in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v48 n6 p2101-2111 Jun 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular difficulties in performing viewpoint independent (allocentric) navigation, leaving viewpoint dependent navigation (egocentric) intact. Further analyses showed that navigation deficits were not related to poor visual short-term memory or mental rotation in the ASD group. The results further confirm the need of autistic individuals for support at retrieval and have important implications for the design of signposts and maps.
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Navigation, Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes, Task Analysis, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Intelligence Tests, Hypothesis Testing, Observation, Diagnostic Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule