ERIC Number: EJ936185
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Thinking in Pictures as a Cognitive Account of Autism
Kunda, Maithilee; Goel, Ashok K.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n9 p1157-1177 Sep 2011
We analyze the hypothesis that some individuals on the autism spectrum may use visual mental representations and processes to perform certain tasks that typically developing individuals perform verbally. We present a framework for interpreting empirical evidence related to this "Thinking in Pictures" hypothesis and then provide comprehensive reviews of data from several different cognitive tasks, including the n-back task, serial recall, dual task studies, Raven's Progressive Matrices, semantic processing, false belief tasks, visual search, spatial recall, and visual recall. We also discuss the relationships between the Thinking in Pictures hypothesis and other cognitive theories of autism including Mindblindness, Executive Dysfunction, Weak Central Coherence, and Enhanced Perceptual Functioning.
Descriptors: Semantics, Autism, Cognitive Processes, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception, Thinking Skills, Spatial Ability, Recall (Psychology), Hypothesis Testing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices