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Ring, Melanie; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Altgassen, Mareike; Barr, Peter; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) present difficulties in forming relations among items and context. This capacity for relational binding is also involved in spatial navigation and research on this topic in ASD is scarce and inconclusive. Using a computerised version of the Morris Water Maze task, ASD participants showed particular…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Adults, Autism
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Sachse, Michael; Schlitt, Sabine; Hainz, Daniela; Ciaramidaro, Angela; Schirman, Shella; Walter, Henrik; Poustka, Fritz; Bolte, Sven; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
This study broadly examines executive (EF) and visuo-motor function in 30 adolescent and adult individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in comparison to 28 controls matched for age, gender, and IQ. ASD individuals showed impaired spatial working memory, whereas planning, cognitive flexibility, and inhibition were spared.…
Descriptors: Autism, Short Term Memory, Naming, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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David, Nicole; Aumann, Carolin; Bewernick, Bettina H.; Santos, Natacha S.; Lehnhardt, Fritz-G.; Vogeley, Kai – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Mentalizing refers to making inferences about other people's mental states, whereas visuospatial perspective taking refers to inferring other people's viewpoints. Both abilities seem vital for social functioning; yet, their exact relationship is unclear. We directly compared mentalizing and visuospatial perspective taking in nineteen adults with…
Descriptors: Cues, Asperger Syndrome, Perspective Taking, Inferences
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Wainwright-Sharp, J. Ann; Bryson, Susan E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1993
A visual orienting task was given to 11 high functioning male adolescents and adults with autism. Findings suggested that autistic people have difficulty processing briefly presented cue information and problems disengaging and shifting attention within the visual modality. Results support previous ideas that attentional dysfunction may underlie…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Attention Control, Attention Deficit Disorders