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Waite, Jane; Beck, Sarah R.; Heald, Mary; Powis, Laurie; Oliver, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Working memory (WM) impairments might amplify behavioural difference in genetic syndromes. Murine models of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) evidence memory impairments but there is limited research on memory in RTS. Individuals with RTS and typically developing children completed WM tasks, with participants with RTS completing an IQ assessment and…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Verbal Ability, Verbal Development
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Sachse, Michael; Schlitt, Sabine; Hainz, Daniela; Ciaramidaro, Angela; Schirman, Shella; Walter, Henrik; Poustka, Fritz; Bolte, Sven; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
This study broadly examines executive (EF) and visuo-motor function in 30 adolescent and adult individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in comparison to 28 controls matched for age, gender, and IQ. ASD individuals showed impaired spatial working memory, whereas planning, cognitive flexibility, and inhibition were spared.…
Descriptors: Autism, Short Term Memory, Naming, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Sahyoun, Cherif P.; Soulieres, Isabelle; Belliveau, John W.; Mottron, Laurent; Mody, Maria – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
We investigated linguistic and visuospatial processing during pictorial reasoning in high-functioning autism (HFA), Asperger's syndrome (ASP), and age and IQ-matched typically developing participants (CTRL), using three conditions designed to differentially engage linguistic mediation or visuospatial processing (visuospatial, V; semantic, S;…
Descriptors: Reaction Time, Semantics, Autism, Asperger Syndrome
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Kuschner, Emily S.; Bennetto, Loisa; Yost, Kelley – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Previous research demonstrates an uneven pattern of cognitive abilities in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). This study examined whether this uneven pattern exists within the nonverbal domain in young children. We hypothesized relative strengths in perceptual abilities and weaknesses in nonverbal conceptual abilities in preschoolers…
Descriptors: Concept Formation, Cognitive Ability, Young Children, Developmental Delays