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Showing 1 to 15 of 320 results Save | Export
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Cañigueral, Roser; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people process gaze differently than typical people, but it is not yet clear if these differences lie in the processing of eye-shapes or the belief in whether others can see (perceptual mentalizing). We aimed to investigate whether these two models of gaze processing modulate social seeking in typical and autistic adults. We measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Beliefs, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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Keehn, Brandon; Westerfield, Marissa; Townsend, Jeanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Visual Stimuli
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Carpenter, Katie L.; Williams, David M.; Nicholson, Toby – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17-30,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Tse, Venus W. S.; Crabtree, Jason; Islam, Shamsun; Stott, Joshua – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to compare cognitive and memory abilities between older adults with and without autism over the age of 50. Twenty-eight individuals with autism and 29 typically developing (TD) older adults took part in the current study. Participants' cognitive and memory abilities were assessed by WAIS-IV and WMS-IV. Older autistic adults were…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Memory, Older Adults, Autism
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Cygan, Hanna B.; Marchewka, Artur; Kotlewska, Ilona; Nowicka, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous studies indicate that autobiographical memory is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Successful recollection of information referring to one's own person requires the intact ability to re-activate representation of the past self. In the current fMRI study we investigated process of conscious reflection on the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autobiographies, Memory
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Ghosn, Farah; Perea, Manuel; Castelló, Javier; Vázquez, Miguel Ángel; Yáñez, Núria; Marcos, Inmaculada; Sahuquillo, Rosa; Vento, Máximo; García-Blanco, Ana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous research has shown attentional biases in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) when processing distressing information. This study examined these attentional patterns as a function of the type of stimulus (scenes and faces) and the stimulus valence (happy, sad, threatening, neutral) using a within-subject design. A dot-probe was…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Span, Attention
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Guy, Jacalyn; Mottron, Laurent; Berthiaume, Claude; Bertone, Armando – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate superior performances on visuo-spatial tasks emphasizing local information processing; however, findings from studies involving hierarchical stimuli are inconsistent. Wide age ranges and group means complicate their interpretability. Children and adolescents with and without ASD completed…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Nicholson, Toby; Williams, David; Carpenter, Katie; Kallitsounaki, Aimilia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Interoception (the ability to sense what's going on inside one's body) is considered integral to many higher-order cognitive processes. Some have speculated that impaired interoception may underpin some features of ASD. Yet, in Experiment 1, we found no evidence of a between-group difference in either cardiac or respiratory interoceptive accuracy…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology
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Zhou, Peng; Zhan, Likan; Ma, Huimin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study used an eye-tracking task to investigate whether preschool children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are able to make inferences about others' behavior in terms of their mental states in a social setting. Fifty typically developing (TD) 4- and 5-year-olds and 22 5-year-olds with ASD participated in the study, where their eye-movements…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inferences
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Bothe, Ellen; Palermo, Romina; Rhodes, Gillian; Burton, Nichola; Jeffery, Linda – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people often show difficulty with facial expression recognition. However, the degree of difficulty varies widely, which might reflect varying symptom profiles. We examined three domains of autistic traits in the typical population and found that more autistic-like social skills were associated with greater difficulty labelling…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Recognition (Psychology), Nonverbal Communication
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Van der Donck, Stephanie; Dzhelyova, Milena; Vettori, Sofie; Thielen, Hella; Steyaert, Jean; Rossion, Bruno; Boets, Bart – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We objectively quantified the neural sensitivity of school-aged boys with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to detect briefly presented fearful expressions by combining fast periodic visual stimulation with frequency-tagging electroencephalography. Images of neutral faces were presented at 6 Hz, periodically interleaved with fearful…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Males
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Lim, Yi Huey; Lee, Hoe C.; Falkmer, Torbjörn; Allison, Garry T.; Tan, Tele; Lee, Wee Lih; Morris, Susan L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Sensory processing difficulties affect the development of sensorimotor skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the effect of sensory information on postural control is unclear in the ASD adult population. The present study examined the effect of visual information on postural control as well as the attentional demands…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Sensory Integration
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Margoni, Francesco; Guglielmetti, Giulia; Surian, Luca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Past research suggested that, due to difficulties in mentalistic reasoning, individuals with autism tend to base their moral judgments on the outcome of agents' actions rather than on agents' intentions. In a novel task, aimed at reducing the processing demands required to represent intentions and generate a judgment, autistic children were…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Decision Making
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Keifer, Cara M.; Hauschild, Kathryn M.; Nelson, Brady D.; Hajcak, Greg; Lerner, Matthew D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite evidence suggesting differences in early event-related potential (ERP) responses to social emotional stimuli, little is known about later stage ERP contributions to social emotional processing in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Adults with and without ASD completed a facial emotion recognition task involving stimuli that…
Descriptors: Human Body, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Diagnostic Tests, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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