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Raghavan, Ramkripa; Fallin, M. Daniele; Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Guoying; Ji, Yuelong; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Paige, David; Wang, Xiaobin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Emerging research suggests that adiponectin, a cytokine produced by adipose tissue, may be implicated in ASD. In this prospective birth cohort study (n = 847), we assessed the association between cord, early childhood plasma adiponectin and the risk of developing ASD. ASD was defined based on ICD codes of physician diagnosis. Cord adiponectin…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk, Physiology
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Tremblay, Isabelle; Grondin, Steffany; Laberge, Anne-Marie; Cousineau, Dominique; Carmant, Lionel; Rowan, Anita; Janvier, Annie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents' understanding/expectations regarding genetic testing for children with developmental disorders were explored. Within a month of testing, interviews were conducted with 57 parents. Many (74%) could not recall the nature of testing. Parents expected genetic testing to have positive impacts for the child (93%) and the family (98%), mainly to…
Descriptors: Parents, Expectation, Parent Attitudes, Children
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Curran, Alicia; Burnette, Courtney; Sohl, Kristin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although early diagnosis of autism is critical for promoting access to early intervention, many children experience significant diagnostic delays. Shortages of healthcare providers, limited capacity at autism centers, and geographic and socioeconomic challenges contribute to these delays. The current pilot study examined the feasibility of a new…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Primary Health Care
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Milner, Victoria; McIntosh, Hollie; Colvert, Emma; Happé, Francesca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder is thought to be a predominantly male diagnosis, however recent research suggests a smaller gender disparity in prevalence than previously assumed. Accounts of the female experience of autism are important to help reduce likely male-bias in current understanding and recognition of autism. Eighteen autistic females and four…
Descriptors: College Students, Females, Gender Differences, Mothers
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Ng, Rowena; Heinrich, Kimberley; Hodges, Elise K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study aimed to examine the neuropsychological correlates of child patients diagnosed with ADHD, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or comorbid ASD + ADHD through a multidisciplinary ASD evaluation clinic. Patients completed standardized tests of intellectual, attention, social-affective/cognitive, and executive functioning; and a semi-structured…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity
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Hollocks, Matthew J.; Casson, Roland; White, Clare; Dobson, Jess; Beazley, Peter; Humphrey, Ayla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The SCQ is a widely used screening measure for the assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, its sensitivity and specificity when used with older children in the context of community Child & Adolescent Mental Health services is unclear. Seventy-seven (Mean age = 12.8 years) young people with suspected ASD were screened using…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Mental Health, Health Services, Autism
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Sheldrick, R. Christopher; Frenette, Elizabeth; Vera, Juan Diego; Mackie, Thomas I.; Martinez-Pedraza, Frances; Hoch, Noah; Eisenhower, Abbey; Fettig, Angel; Carter, Alice S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
U.S. guidelines for detecting autism emphasize screening and also incorporate clinical judgment. However, most research focuses on the former. Among 1,654 children participating in a multi-stage screening protocol for autism, we used mixed methods to evaluate: (1) the effectiveness of a clinical decision rule that encouraged further assessment…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Screening Tests
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Levy, Susan E.; Rescorla, Leslie A.; Chittams, Jesse L.; Kral, Tanja J.; Moody, Eric J.; Pandey, Juhi; Pinto-Martin, Jennifer A.; Pomykacz, Alison T.; Ramirez, AnnJosette; Reyes, Nuri; Rosenberg, Cordelia Robinson; Schieve, Laura; Thompson, Aleda; Young, Lisa; Zhang, Jing; Wiggins, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We analyzed CBCL/1½-5 Pervasive Developmental Problems (DSM-PDP) scores in 3- to 5-year-olds from the Study to Explore Early Development (SEED), a multi-site case control study, with the objective to discriminate children with ASD (N = 656) from children with Developmental Delay (DD) (N = 646), children with Developmental Delay (DD) plus ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Screening Tests, Check Lists
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Esler, Amy; Hewitt, Amy; Hall-Lande, Jennifer; Pettingell, Sandra L.; Houseworth, James – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have higher rates of co-occurring diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication prescriptions than people with other developmental disabilities. Few studies have examined these trends in samples of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with and without ASD. Using a random…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Shrestha, Rena; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Barbaro, Josephine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The current study investigated the age of diagnosis (AoD) of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Nepal by using de-identified data on 246 children with a diagnosis of ASD registered at AutismCare Nepal Society from 2010 to 2015. The mean AoD in children was 58 months (range 14-187 months). Majority of children were male (76%), lived in the Kathmandu…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Age Differences, Age, Autism
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Pham, Tammy; Kuznetsova, Anna; Gim, Haelynn; Cordrey, Kyla; Milanaik, Ruth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study assessed how web-based information affects parental trust in physician's diagnosis of autism (PDA) and likelihood of seeking a second opinion. Participants of an online survey were randomly allocated to one of three hypothetical scenarios, all were given a vignette of a non-verbal 18-month-old child followed by (1) not viewing Internet…
Descriptors: Internet, Clinical Diagnosis, Access to Information, Parents
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Booth, Adam J.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Volker, Martin A.; Lopata, Christopher; Thomeer, Marcus L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined psychometric characteristics of the Diagnostic Analysis of Nonverbal Accuracy--Second Edition (DANVA-2) in 121 children, ages 6 to 13 years, with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Internal consistency for adult and child faces subtests were 0.70 and 0.75, respectively. Immediate test-retest reliability in the…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Clinical Diagnosis, Nonverbal Communication, Children
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Zeleke, Waganesh A.; Hughes, Tammy L.; Drozda, Natalie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using data from the 2011 Survey of Pathway to Diagnosis and Services national data set (n = 1715). When comparing white and minority families, results indicate there were no differences between the child's treatment needs based on the number and type of ASD symptoms or insurance…
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Johnston, Kate; Murray, Kim; Spain, Debbie; Walker, Ian; Russell, Ailsa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Studies of executive function (EF) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have reported mixed findings. Possible confounds include EF domain assessed and co-occurring neurodevelopmental diagnoses. EF task performance across multiple domains and everyday function of autistic adults (n = 110) was significantly different to age- and IQ-matched controls (n…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Schemata (Cognition), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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