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Showing 1 to 15 of 128 results Save | Export
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Vasilevska Petrovska, Ivana; Trajkovski, Vladimir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This randomized controlled study evaluated a computer-based intervention on emotion understanding in 32 children with autism spectrum conditions with and without intellectual disability (ID) aged 7-15 years. The intervention group (n = 16) used the program for 12 h while the control group (n = 16) was not included in any intervention or training…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Intervention, Emotional Response, Children
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Rodgers, Jonathan D.; Lodi-Smith, Jennifer; Donnelly, James P.; Lopata, Christopher; McDonald, Christin A.; Thomeer, Marcus L.; Lipinski, Alanna M.; Nasca, Brian C.; Booth, Adam J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Prior studies of sex-based differences in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded mixed findings. This study examined ASD symptom severity and functional correlates in a sample of 34 high-functioning females with ASD (HFASD; M age = 8.93; M IQ = 104.64) compared to 34 matched males (M age = 8.96; M IQ = 104.44) using the Social Responsiveness…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Taylor, Briana J.; Sanders, Kevin B.; Kyle, Marie; Pedersen, Kahsi A.; Veenstra-Vanderweele, Jeremy; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common, but there is little comparative information available on different psychiatric hospital treatment models. Children with ASD ages 4-20 were enrolled upon admission to either a specialized (N = 53) or a general child psychiatric unit (N = 27). Caregivers completed…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Hospitals, Patients, Children, Adolescents
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Stedman, Amy; Taylor, Briana; Erard, Michael; Peura, Christine; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite significant advances in autism research, experts have noted that children severely affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to have been understudied. Rigorous analysis of this observation has been limited, and the representation of severity has not been well-described. We assessed three domains of severity (communication ability,…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disproportionate Representation
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Kumazaki, Hirokazu; Muramatsu, Taro; Yoshikawa, Yuichiro; Yoshimura, Yuko; Ikeda, Takashi; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Saito, Daisuke N.; Shimaya, Jiro; Ishiguro, Hiroshi; Mimura, Masaru; Kikuchi, Mitsuru – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We investigated the feasibility of our novel evaluation system for use with children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We prepared the experimental setting with two humanoid robots in reference to the birthday party scene in the Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule (ADOS). We assessed the relationship between social communication ability…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Robotics, Feasibility Studies
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Cohen, Ira L.; Flory, Michael J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A recent cross-sectional analysis of PDD Behavior Inventory (PDDBI) data, analyzed with a classification and regression tree algorithm, yielded a decision tree (the Autism Spectrum Disorder-Decision Tree or ASD-DT) that detected three behaviorally distinct ASD subgroups: minimally verbal, verbal, and atypical. These subgroups differed in PDDBI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Predictor Variables, Adjustment (to Environment)
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Ireri, Niceta W.; White, Susan W.; Mbwayo, Anne W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contributes to their functional impairment. We evaluated a cognitive-behavioral program for anxiety and social deficits in children with ASD in two schools in Nairobi City, Kenya. Parents and teachers of 40 children and adolescents with ASD (5-21 years) participated, randomized by school. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety
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Bloy, Luke; Shwayder, Kobey; Blaskey, Lisa; Roberts, Timothy P. L.; Embick, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study introduces an objective neurophysiological marker of language ability, the integral of event-related desynchronization in the 5-20 Hz band during 0.2-1 seconds post auditory stimulation with interleaved word/non-word tokens. This measure correlates with clinical assessment of language function in both ASD and neurotypical pediatric…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Skills, Auditory Stimuli
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Feldman, Inbal; Koller, Judah; Lebowitz, Eli R.; Shulman, Cory; Ben Itzchak, Esther; Zachor, Ditza A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Family accommodation occurs frequently among families of children with OCD and anxiety disorders, with higher levels of accommodation repeatedly associated with greater symptom severity, lower functioning, and poorer treatment outcomes for children. This is the first examination of family accommodation of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Attitudes
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Roberts, Jane; Crawford, Hayley; Hogan, Abigail L.; Fairchild, Amanda; Tonnsen, Bridgette; Brewe, Alexis; O'Connor, Shannon; Roberts, Douglas A.; Abbeduto, Leonard – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is characterized by both social approach and social avoidance. However, the age of emergence and developmental trajectory of social avoidance has not been examined. This study investigates the longitudinal developmental trajectory and dynamic nature of social avoidance in males with FXS from infancy through young adulthood…
Descriptors: Infants, Genetic Disorders, Age Groups, Longitudinal Studies
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Bitsika, Vicki; Sharpley, Christopher F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To determine if diagnostic severity of Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affected sex differences in the detailed ASD-related behavioural profiles of young males and female, two samples of males and females with a diagnosis of ASD, aged between 6 and 17 years, were compared across the 65 items of the Social Responsiveness Scale (2nd ed.). Results…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability), Gender Differences
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Ekas, Naomi V.; Tidman, Lauren; Timmons, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examines associations between dimensions of religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and anxiety symptoms in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Mothers' positive ways of thinking and romantic relationship satisfaction were examined as mediators of associations. The extent to which child ASD symptom severity and maternal…
Descriptors: Religion, Anxiety, Mothers, Autism
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Dickson, Kelsey S.; Suhrheinrich, Jessica; Rieth, Sarah R.; Stahmer, Aubyn C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Cross-informant ratings of are considered gold standard for child behavioral assessment. To date, little work has examined informant ratings of adaptive functioning for youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a large, diverse sample of youth with ASD, this study evaluated parent-teacher concordance of ratings of adaptive functioning and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Severity (of Disability), Cognitive Ability
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Martínez-González, A. E.; Piqueras, J. A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) is one of the two key diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DSM-5 highlights the importance of severity-based diagnostic modifiers assigned on the basis of intensity of needed supports. Therefore, there is a need for available measures that assess the severity of RRB. The repetitive…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Psychometrics
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Goldsmith, Samantha F.; Kelley, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In typically-developing (TD) individuals, effective emotion regulation strategies have been associated with positive outcomes in various areas, including social functioning. Although impaired social functioning is a core criterion of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the role of emotion regulation ability in ASD has been largely ignored. This study…
Descriptors: Correlation, Emotional Response, Children, Adolescents
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