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Ghosn, Farah; Perea, Manuel; Castelló, Javier; Vázquez, Miguel Ángel; Yáñez, Núria; Marcos, Inmaculada; Sahuquillo, Rosa; Vento, Máximo; García-Blanco, Ana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous research has shown attentional biases in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) when processing distressing information. This study examined these attentional patterns as a function of the type of stimulus (scenes and faces) and the stimulus valence (happy, sad, threatening, neutral) using a within-subject design. A dot-probe was…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Span, Attention
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Van der Donck, Stephanie; Dzhelyova, Milena; Vettori, Sofie; Thielen, Hella; Steyaert, Jean; Rossion, Bruno; Boets, Bart – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We objectively quantified the neural sensitivity of school-aged boys with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to detect briefly presented fearful expressions by combining fast periodic visual stimulation with frequency-tagging electroencephalography. Images of neutral faces were presented at 6 Hz, periodically interleaved with fearful…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Males
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Neuhaus, Emily; Jones, Emily J. H.; Barnes, Karen; Sterling, Lindsey; Estes, Annette; Munson, Jeff; Dawson, Geraldine; Webb, Sara J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Both autism spectrum (ASD) and anxiety disorders are associated with atypical neural and attentional responses to emotional faces, differing in affective face processing from typically developing peers. Within a longitudinal study of children with ASD (23 male, 3 female), we hypothesized that early ERPs to emotional faces would predict concurrent…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Human Body, Severity (of Disability), Cognitive Processes
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Thomeer, Marcus L.; Smith, Rachael A.; Lopata, Christopher; Volker, Martin A.; Lipinski, Alanna M.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; McDonald, Christin A.; Lee, Gloria K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This randomized controlled trial evaluated the efficacy of a computer software (i.e., "Mind Reading") and in vivo rehearsal treatment on the emotion decoding and encoding skills, autism symptoms, and social skills of 43 children, ages 7-12 years with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Children in treatment (n = 22)…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Computer Software
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Tseng, Angela; Bansal, Ravi; Liu, Jun; Gerber, Andrew J.; Goh, Suzanne; Posner, Jonathan; Colibazzi, Tiziano; Algermissen, Molly; Chiang, I-Chin; Russell, James A.; Peterson, Bradley S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The Affective Circumplex Model holds that emotions can be described as linear combinations of two underlying, independent neurophysiological systems (arousal, valence). Given research suggesting individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have difficulty processing emotions, we used the circumplex model to compare how individuals with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Nonverbal Communication
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de Vries, Marieke; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) show daily cognitive flexibility deficits, but laboratory data are unconvincing. The current study aimed to bridge this gap. Thirty-one children with ASD (8-12 years) and 31 age- and IQ-matched typically developing children performed a gender emotion switch task. Unannounced switches and complex…
Descriptors: Autism, Short Term Memory, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Brown, Benjamin T.; Morris, Gwynn; Nida, Robert E.; Baker-Ward, Lynne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
The development of the personal past is complex, requiring the operation of multiple components of cognitive and social functioning. Because many of these components are affected by autism spectrum disorders, it is likely that autobiographical memory in children with Asperger's Disorder (AD) will be impaired. We predicted that the memory…
Descriptors: Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Memory, Children
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Longuet, Sophie; Ferrel-Chapus, Carole; Oreve, Marie-Joelle; Chamot, Jean-Marc; Vernazza-Martin, Sylvie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
This article focuses on the impact of intentionality on goal directed locomotion in healthy and autistic children. Closely linked with emotions and motivation, it is directly connected with movement planning. Is planning only preserved when the goal of the action appears motivating for healthy and autistic children? Is movement programming similar…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Emotional Response, Intention
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Baker, Amy E. Z.; Lane, Alison; Angley, Manya T.; Young, Robyn L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008
Sensory processing (SP) difficulties have been reported in as many as 95% of children with autism, however, empirical research examining the existence of specific patterns of SP difficulties within this population is scarce. Furthermore, little attention has been given to examining the relationship between SP and either the core symptoms or…
Descriptors: Autism, Cognitive Processes, Questionnaires, Emotional Response