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Showing 121 to 135 of 390 results Save | Export
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Bodner, Kimberly E.; Engelhardt, Christopher R.; Minshew, Nancy J.; Williams, Diane L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Studies investigating inferential reasoning in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have focused on the ability to make socially-related inferences or inferences more generally. Important variables for intervention planning such as whether inferences depend on physical experiences or the nature of social information have received less consideration. A…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Inferences, Intervention
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de Vries, Marieke; Geurts, Hilde – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) often experience a low Quality of Life (QoL). We studied if IQ, early language development, current autism traits, and daily Executive Functions (EFs) are related to QoL in children (aged 8-12 years) with ASD (N = 120) and typically developing (TD) children (N = 76). Children with ASD showed a lower…
Descriptors: Autism, Executive Function, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life
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Matthews, Nicole L.; Pollard, Elena; Ober-Reynolds, Sharman; Kirwan, Janet; Malligo, Amanda; Smith, Christopher J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Profiles of performance on the Stanford Binet Intelligence Scales (SB5) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS) were examined in 73 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. SB5 cognitive profiles were observed to be similar between participants with and without early language delay, but different between participants with and…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Adolescents, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hobson, Jessica A.; Hobson, R. Peter; Cheung, Yuen; Caló, Susana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The aim of this study was to examine the relation between symbolic play and communicative engagement among children with and without autism. Our predictions were firstly, that in moment-by-moment interactions during semi-structured interactive play with an adult, children with and without autism would tend to show shifts in meanings in symbolic…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Comparative Analysis, Play
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Wright, H. F.; Hall, S.; Hames, A.; Hardiman, J.; Mills, R.; Mills, D. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This study describes the impact of pet dogs on stress of primary carers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Stress levels of 38 primary carers acquiring a dog and 24 controls not acquiring a dog were sampled at: Pre-intervention (17 weeks before acquiring a dog), post-intervention (3-10 weeks after acquisition) and follow-up…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Animals
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Weiss, Jonathan A.; Burnham Riosa, Priscilla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Most research on mental health in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID) has focused on deficits. We examined individual (i.e., sociocommunicative skills, adaptive behavior, functional cognitive skills) and contextual (i.e., home, school, and community participation) correlates of thriving in 330 youth…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mental Retardation
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Atladóttir, H. Ó.; Schendel, D. E.; Parner, E. T.; Henriksen, T. B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The aim of this study was to describe the profile of specific neonatal morbidities in children later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to compare this profile with the profile of children with hyperkinetic disorder, cerebral palsy, epilepsy or intellectual disability. This is a Danish population based cohort study, including all…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Neonates, Child Health
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Cianfaglione, Rina; Hastings, Richard P.; Felce, David; Clarke, Angus; Kerr, Michael P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Few published studies have reported on the psychological well-being of family members of individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT). Eighty-seven mothers of girls and women with RTT completed a questionnaire survey about their daughters' behavioral phenotype, current health, and behavior problems, and their own and a sibling's well-being. Mothers…
Descriptors: Well Being, Mothers, Daughters, Genetic Disorders
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Zyga, Olena; Russ, Sandra; Ievers-Landis, Carolyn E.; Dimitropoulos, Anastasia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), including pervasive social deficits. While play impairments in ASD are well documented, play abilities in PWS have not been evaluated. Fourteen children with PWS and ten children with ASD were administered the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Mental Retardation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Nowell, Kerri P.; Schanding, G. Thomas, Jr.; Kanne, Stephen M.; Goin-Kochel, Robin P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Extant data suggest that the cognitive profiles of individuals with ASD may be characterized by variability, particularly in terms of verbal intellectual functioning (VIQ) and non-verbal intellectual functioning (NVIQ) discrepancies. The "Differential Ability Scales, Second Edition" (DAS-II) has limited data available on its use with…
Descriptors: Profiles, Cognitive Ability, Autism, Children
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Bakian, Amanda V.; Bilder, Deborah A.; Carbone, Paul S.; Hunt, Tyler D.; Petersen, Brent; Rice, Catherine E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
An independent validation was conducted of the Utah Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network's (UT-ADDM) classification of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). UT-ADDM final case status (n = 90) was compared with final case status as determined by independent external expert reviewers (EERs). Inter-rater reliability…
Descriptors: Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Reinhardt, Vanessa P.; Wetherby, Amy M.; Schatschneider, Christopher; Lord, Catherine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Despite consistent and substantive research documenting a large male to female ratio in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), only a modest body of research exists examining sex differences in characteristics. This study examined sex differences in developmental functioning and early social communication in children with ASD as compared to children with…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence
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Stevenson, Ryan A.; Siemann, Justin K.; Woynaroski, Tiffany G.; Schneider, Brittany C.; Eberly, Haley E.; Camarata, Stephen M.; Wallace, Mark T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) exhibit alterations in sensory processing, including changes in the integration of information across the different sensory modalities. In the current study, we used the sound-induced flash illusion to assess multisensory integration in children with ASD and typically-developing (TD) controls.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sensory Integration, Perceptual Impairments
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Granader, Yael; Wallace, Gregory L.; Hardy, Kristina K.; Yerys, Benjamin E.; Lawson, Rachel A.; Rosenthal, Michael; Wills, Meagan C.; Dixon, Eunice; Pandey, Juhi; Penna, Rebecca; Schultz, Robert T.; Kenworthy, Lauren – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) consistently report executive functioning (EF) deficits. This study investigates the factor structure of the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) as reported by parents of children with ASD and typically developing children (TDC). BRIEFs for 411 children with ASD and 467…
Descriptors: Parents, Executive Function, Cognitive Ability, Neurological Impairments
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Ballinger, Elizabeth C.; Cordeiro, Lisa; Chavez, Alyssa D.; Hagerman, Randi J.; Hessl, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Social avoidance and anxiety are prevalent in fragile X syndrome (FXS) and are potentially mediated by the amygdala, a brain region critical for social behavior. Unfortunately, functional brain resonance imaging investigation of the amygdala in FXS is limited by the difficulties experienced by intellectually impaired and anxious participants. We…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Correlation, Antisocial Behavior
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