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Showing 106 to 120 of 390 results Save | Export
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Edgar, J. Christopher; Heiken, Kory; Chen, Yu-Han; Herrington, John D.; Chow, Vivian; Liu, Song; Bloy, Luke; Huang, Mingxiong; Pandey, Juhi; Cannon, Katelyn M.; Qasmieh, Saba; Levy, Susan E.; Schultz, Robert T.; Roberts, Timothy P. L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Alpha circuits (8-12 Hz), necessary for basic and complex brain processes, are abnormal in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study obtained estimates of resting-state (RS) alpha activity in children with ASD and examined associations between alpha activity, age, and clinical symptoms. Given that the thalamus modulates cortical RS alpha…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Iannuzzi, Dorothea A.; Cheng, Erika R.; Broder-Fingert, Sarabeth; Bauman, Margaret L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
To identify medical problems most commonly presenting to emergency departments among individuals with autism as compared to non-autistic persons across age groups. Data was obtained from the 2010 National Emergency Department database and was analyzed by age categories: 3-5, 6-11, 12-15, 16-18 and 19 years and older. Epilepsy emerged as the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Foody, Ciara; James, Jack E.; Leader, Geraldine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may experience higher levels of stress and health problems than parents of children with typical development. However, most research has focused on mothers, with emphasis on parent-reported stress and wellbeing. This study compared parenting responsibility, distress, anxiety, depression,…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Herrington, John D.; Riley, Meghan E.; Grupe, Daniel W.; Schultz, Robert T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This study examines whether deficits in visual information processing in autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) can be offset by the recruitment of brain structures involved in selective attention. During functional MRI, 12 children with ASD and 19 control participants completed a selective attention one-back task in which images of faces and houses were…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Marí-Bauset, Salvador; Llopis-González, Agustín; Zazpe-García, Itziar; Marí-Sanchis, Amelia; Morales-Suárez-Varela, María – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have problems of food selectivity, implying risks of nutritional deficiencies. The aim was to compare intakes of macro and micronutrients and body mass index in ASD and typically developing (TD) children. In a case--control study, 3-day food diaries and anthropometric measurements were completed for ASD…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Plumet, Marie-Hélène; Veneziano, Edy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Pragmatic functioning of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children is rarely examined in socially-meaningful contexts. This study investigates the way oppositional episodes are handled in such contexts by 25 families, 10 with ASD and 15 with typically-developing children. Oppositions occur whenever someone protests, refuses or denies someone…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Behavior Problems
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Gómez, Juan-Carlos – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with autism use hand taking and hand leading gestures to interact with others. This is traditionally considered to be an example of atypical behaviour illustrating the lack of intersubjective understanding in autism. However the assumption that these gestures are atypical is based upon scarce empirical evidence. In this paper I present…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Nonverbal Communication, Observation
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May, Tamara; Cornish, Kim; Rinehart, Nicole J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have high levels of anxiety. It is unclear whether they exhibit threat-related attentional biases commensurate with anxiety disorders as manifest in non-ASD populations, such as facilitated attention toward, and difficulties disengaging engaging from, threatening stimuli. Ninety children, 45 cognitively…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Mostert-Kerckhoffs, Mandy A.; Staal, Wouter G.; Houben, Renske H.; de Jonge, Maretha V. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Cognitive control dysfunctions, like inhibitory and attentional flexibility deficits are assumed to underlie repetitive behavior in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In the present study, prepotent response inhibition and attentional flexibility were examined in 64 high-functioning individuals with ASD and 53 control participants.…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Attention, Cognitive Ability, Neurological Impairments
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Gizzonio, Valentina; Avanzini, Pietro; Campi, Cristina; Orivoli, Sonia; Piccolo, Benedetta; Cantalupo, Gaetano; Tassinari, Carlo Alberto; Rizzolatti, Giacomo; Fabbri-Destro, Maddalena – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Here we describe the performance of children with autism, their siblings, and typically developing children using the Florida Apraxia Battery. Children with autism showed the lowest performance in all sections of the test. They were mostly impaired in pantomime actions execution on imitation and on verbal command, and in imitation of meaningless…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Children, Siblings
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Curtin, C.; Hubbard, K.; Anderson, S. E.; Mick, E.; Must, A.; Bandini, L. G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Mealtime behavior problems and family stress occur frequently among families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, it is unknown whether food selectivity is an associated factor. The associations of high food selectivity with mealtime behavior problems, spousal stress, and influence on family members were assessed among 53…
Descriptors: Food, Eating Habits, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schieve, Laura A.; Clayton, Heather B.; Durkin, Maureen S.; Wingate, Martha S.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
While studies report associations between perinatal outcomes and both autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID), there has been little study of ASD with versus without co-occurring ID. We compared perinatal risk factors among 7547 children in the 2006-2010 Autism and Developmental Disability Monitoring Network classified as…
Descriptors: Perinatal Influences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Mental Retardation
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Orinstein, Alyssa J.; Suh, Joyce; Porter, Kaitlyn; De Yoe, Kaitlin A.; Tyson, Katherine E.; Troyb, Eva; Barton, Marianne L.; Eigsti, Inge-Marie; Stevens, Michael C.; Fein, Deborah A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Youth who lose their ASD diagnosis may have subtle social and communication difficulties. We examined social and communication functioning in 44 high-functioning autism (HFA), 34 optimal outcome (OO) and 34 typically developing (TD) youth. Results indicated that OO participants had no autism communication symptoms, no pragmatic language deficits,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Communication Problems, Antisocial Behavior
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Travers, Brittany G.; Bigler, Erin D.; Tromp, Do P. M.; Adluru, Nagesh; Destiche, Dan; Samsin, Danica; Froehlich, Alyson; Prigge, Molly D. B.; Duffield, Tyler C.; Lange, Nicholas; Alexander, Andrew L.; Lainhart, Janet E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Mounting evidence suggests that poorer motor skills may be related to more severe autism symptoms. This study investigated if atypical white matter microstructure in the brain mediated the relationship between motor skills and ASD symptom severity. Sixty-seven males with ASD and 42 males with typical development (5-33 years old) completed a…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Severity (of Disability)
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Waugh, Cynthia; Peskin, Joan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The present study examines the efficacy of a social skills and Theory of Mind (S.S.ToM) intervention for children with high-functioning ASD. Children were taught to identify and consider their peer's mental states, e.g., knowledge, emotions, desires, beliefs, intentions, likes and dislikes, while learning friendship-making skills and strategies,…
Descriptors: Study Skills, Theory of Mind, Intervention, Autism
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