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Deruelle, Christine; Rondan, Cecilie; Gepner, Bruno; Tardif, Carole – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
Two experiments were designed to investigate possible abnormal face processing strategies in children with autistic spectrum disorders. A group of 11 children with autism was compared to two groups of normally developing children matched on verbal mental age and on chronological age. In the first experiment, participants had to recognize faces on…
Descriptors: Experimental Psychology, Spatial Ability, Autism, Asperger Syndrome
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Iarocci, Grace; Burack, Jacob A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
The focus of the present study was to examine covert orienting responses to peripheral flash cues among children with autism in a situation where attentional processes were taxed by the presence of distractors in the visual field. Fourteen children with autism (MA = 6-7 years) were compared to their MA-matched peers without autism on a forced…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Cues, Children, Autism
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Goldstein, Sam; Schwebach, Adam J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
To determine if a sample of children meeting diagnostic criteria for a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) display symptoms and impairment related to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) sufficient to warrant a comorbid diagnosis of ADHD. Further, do children with PDD displaying such symptoms demonstrate more impairment in daily life…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Hyperactivity, Clinical Diagnosis, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Schreck, Kimberly A.; Williams, Keith; Smith, Angela F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
Although clinicians typically assume that feeding problems co-exist with a diagnosis of autism, no previous research has compared the eating behavior of children with autism to typically developing children. This study compared caregiver report of eating problems of children with and without autism on a standardized questionnaire. The…
Descriptors: Autism, Eating Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Children
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Downs, Andrew; Smith, Tristram – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
In contrast to typically developing children, children with autism rarely exhibit cooperative social behavior. To examine whether this problem reflects global developmental delays or autism-specific deficits, the present study compared cooperation, emotional understanding, personality characteristics, and social behavior of 10 children with autism…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Cooperation, Social Behavior, Children
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Paul, Rhea; Miles, Stephanie; Cicchetti, Domenic; Sparrow, Sara; Klin, Ami; Volkmar, Fred; Coflin, Megan; Booker, Shelley – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
The purpose of this study is to provide a microanalysis of differences in adaptive functioning seen between well-matched groups of school-aged children with autism and those diagnosed as having Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, all of whom functioned in the mild to moderate range of intellectual impairment. Findings…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Children, Multivariate Analysis
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Jarrold, Christopher; Russell, James – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1997
Time taken to count stimuli was compared among three groups each composed of 22 elementary-aged children (with autism, with moderate learning difficulties, and normally developing). Results suggest that children with autism showed a tendency toward an analytic level of processing. While groups differed on measures of counting speeds, children…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Processes, Comparative Analysis
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Hobson, R. Peter; Lee, Anthony; Brown, Rachel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1999
This study compared a group of nine children (ages 3 to 8) with congenital blindness and an autism-like syndrome with nine sighted children. Children with autism had more severe abnormalities in terms of their relationships with people and emotional expressions, and were more impaired in the area of pretend play. (CR)
Descriptors: Autism, Blindness, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Celani, Giorgio; Battacchi, Marco Walter; Arcidiacono, Letizia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1999
Ten children (ages 5 to 16) with autism, 10 with Down syndrome, and 10 controls were tested on a task that required matching faces on the basis of emotion and on a task that required judging pleasantness of a face. Children with autism performed worse on both facial-expression-of-emotion subtasks. (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Body Language, Children
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Rodrigue, James R.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
This study compared the adaptive behaviors of 20 autistic, 20 Down's syndrome, and 20 normal children matched on age equivalent adaptive behavior, gender, race, birth order, family size, and socioeconomic status. The autistic children displayed significant and pervasive deficits in the acquisition of adaptive social skills and greater variability…
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Adolescents, Autism, Behavior Development
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Matese, Mary; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1994
Fifteen children (ages 4-13) with psychotic symptoms were compared to 15 children with autism using the Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Rating Scale and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Psychotic individuals were rated as having better language and social skills; autistic persons had more difficulty adapting to new situations. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Rating Scales, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Piven, Joseph; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
Platelet serotonin (5HT) levels of 5 autistic subjects (ages 16-37) who had siblings with either autism or pervasive developmental disorder were significantly higher than levels of 23 autistic subjects without affected siblings. Autistic subjects without affected siblings had 5HT levels significantly higher than 10 normal controls. Sex, age, and…
Descriptors: Adults, Age Differences, Autism, Biochemistry
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Ekman, Gunnar; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
Neurochemical and psychological effects of fenfluramine were examined on 20 autistic children (aged 1-10) over a 48-week period. A decrease in abnormal motor behavior was found, but no improvement in intellectual functioning. Serotonin decreased 53 percent after fenfluramine treatment and rebounded to levels 35 percent higher than baseline…
Descriptors: Autism, Biochemistry, Chemical Reactions, Children
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Sherman, Jeffrey; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
Effects of fenfluramine on autistic children, aged 7-16, were examined in double-blind testing with placebos. Serotonin levels, intelligence and behavior tests, videotaped free play data, and other tests were used for assessment. Serotonin decreased with administration of fenfluramine, and increased with reinstatement of placebo. No tests…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Development, Biochemistry, Chemical Reactions
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Chung, S. Y.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
The demographic, family, medical, and psychiatric characteristics of 87 autistic children, age 3-16, in Hong Kong are described. Follow up of 66 children found the sample to be similar to samples in other countries in sex ratio, intelligence, language ability, behavioral characteristics, and outcome. The Hong Kong sample was dissimilar in other…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Comparative Analysis, Followup Studies
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