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Pokorny, Jennifer J.; Hatt, Naomi V.; Rogers, Sally J.; Rivera, Susan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Understanding another's actions, including what they are doing and why they are doing it, can be difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This understanding is supported by the action observation (AON) and mentalizing (MZN) networks, as well as the superior temporal sulcus. We examined these areas in children with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Snape, Simon; Krott, Andrea; McCleery, Joseph P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with ASD seem to construct categories via processes different to typically developing individuals. We examined whether individuals with ASD engage in structural alignment of exemplars when constructing categories. We taught children with ASD and typically developing children novel nouns for either single or multiple exemplars, and then…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Classification
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Ciaramelli, Elisa; Spoglianti, Silvia; Bertossi, Elena; Generali, Nadia; Telarucci, Francesca; Tancredi, Raffaella; Muratori, Filippo; Igliozzi, Roberta – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
We studied episodic memory and future thinking for self-relevant and other-relevant events at different levels of retrieval support, theory of mind, and delay discounting in ASD children and adolescents (ASDs). Compared to typically developing controls, ASDs produced fewer internal (episodic) but a similar number of external (semantic) details…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Adolescents
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Luckhardt, Christina; Kröger, Anne; Cholemkery, Hannah; Bender, Stephan; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The underlying neural mechanisms of implicit and explicit facial emotion recognition (FER) were studied in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to matched typically developing controls (TDC). EEG was obtained from N = 21 ASD and N = 16 TDC. Task performance, visual (P100, N170) and cognitive (late positive…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Cognitive Processes
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Rosa, Mireia; Puig, Olga; Lázaro, Luisa; Vallés, Virginia; Lera, Sara; Sánchez-Gistau, Vanesa; Calvo, Rosa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Despite evidence supporting the presence of cognitive deficits in children and adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HF-ASD), the nature of these deficits and their clinical and adaptive correlates remain unclear. Moreover, there are few cognitive studies of ASD siblings as a high risk population. We compared 50 children and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Siblings
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Cazalets, Jean René; Bestaven, Emma; Doat, Emilie; Baudier, Marie Pierre; Gallot, Cécile; Amestoy, Anouck; Bouvard, Manuel; Guillaud, Etienne; Guillain, Isabelle; Grech, Emelyne; Van-gils, Julien; Fergelot, Patricia; Fraisse, Sonia; Taupiac, Emmanuelle; Arveiler, Benoit; Lacombe, Didier – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare genetic disease that associates intellectual disability with somatic characteristics. We have conducted a study of the overall motor abilities of RTS participants. Static postural performance as well as gait parameters were somewhat decreased, although not significantly compared to typically developing…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Genetic Disorders, Children, Intellectual Disability
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Corbett, Blythe A.; Key, Alexandra P.; Qualls, Lydia; Fecteau, Stephanie; Newsom, Cassandra; Coke, Catherine; Yoder, Paul – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The efficacy of a peer-mediated, theatre-based intervention on social competence in participants with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was tested. Thirty 8-to-14 year-olds with ASD were randomly assigned to the treatment (n = 17) or a wait-list control (n = 13) group. Immediately after treatment, group effects were seen on social ability,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Interpersonal Competence
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Mayer, Jennifer L.; Hannent, Ian; Heaton, Pamela F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Whilst enhanced perception has been widely reported in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs), relatively little is known about the developmental trajectory and impact of atypical auditory processing on speech perception in intellectually high-functioning adults with ASD. This paper presents data on perception of complex tones and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Auditory Perception
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Bouvet, Lucie; Mottron, Laurent; Valdois, Sylviane; Donnadieu, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Auditory stream segregation allows us to organize our sound environment, by focusing on specific information and ignoring what is unimportant. One previous study reported difficulty in stream segregation ability in children with Asperger syndrome. In order to investigate this question further, we used an interleaved melody recognition task with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Auditory Perception, Children
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Hiniker, Alexis; Rosenberg-Lee, Miriam; Menon, Vinod – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Despite reports of mathematical talent in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), little is known about basic number processing abilities in affected children. We investigated number sense, the ability to rapidly assess quantity information, in 36 children with ASD and 61 typically developing controls. Numerical acuity was assessed using symbolic (Arabic…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Costescu, Cristina A.; Vanderborght, Bram; David, Daniel O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) engage in highly perseverative and inflexible behaviours. Technological tools, such as robots, received increased attention as social reinforces and/or assisting tools for improving the performance of children with ASD. The aim of our study is to investigate the role of the robotic toy Keepon in a…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Children, Robotics
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Herrington, John D.; Riley, Meghan E.; Grupe, Daniel W.; Schultz, Robert T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This study examines whether deficits in visual information processing in autism-spectrum disorder (ASD) can be offset by the recruitment of brain structures involved in selective attention. During functional MRI, 12 children with ASD and 19 control participants completed a selective attention one-back task in which images of faces and houses were…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Cognitive Processes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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May, Tamara; Cornish, Kim; Rinehart, Nicole J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have high levels of anxiety. It is unclear whether they exhibit threat-related attentional biases commensurate with anxiety disorders as manifest in non-ASD populations, such as facilitated attention toward, and difficulties disengaging engaging from, threatening stimuli. Ninety children, 45 cognitively…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Olofson, Eric L.; Casey, Drew; Oluyedun, Olufemi A.; Van Herwegen, Jo; Becerra, Adam; Rundblad, Gabriella – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have difficulty comprehending metaphors. However, no study to date has examined whether or not they understand conceptual metaphors (i.e. mappings between conceptual structures), which could be the building blocks of metaphoric thinking and understanding. We investigated whether 13 participants with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Youth, Figurative Language
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